A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

Dep. c. 630

Summary Catalogue no.: Not in SC (late accession)

Johannes Herolt, Sermones discipuli, etc.; Germany, 1462

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(front pastedown)

Erfurt Carthusian ownership inscription dated 1465 (see Provenance).

Detailed table of contents, s. xv2, inside front cover, listing arts. 1–13.

1. (fols. 1r–7v)
Table of lections
Rubric: Incipitur registrum super epistolas lecciones nec non ewangelia per totum annum omnium dierum cum quot(alis)(?) est bonum volenti predicare.
Incipit: Epistola fratres scientes quia hora est iam nos de somno surgere. Ad. Ro. xiii⟨:11⟩ Ewangelium Videbunt filium hominis
Explicit: De beata virgine Ewangelium Stabat iuxta crucem mater ihesu ioh xix factum est xix kln aprilis anno etatis christi xxxiiij luna xv indiccione vi feria sexta etc.

Temporale (fols. 1r–6r), Sanctorale for major feasts (fols. 6r–7v), and Common of saints (fol. 7r–v), followed by ‘In dedicatione ecclesiarum’ and ‘De beata virgine’.

The entry for each gospel ends as above ‘factum est … ’, giving its date and the year of Christ's age. Fols. 8r–9v blank.

2. (fols. 10r–314r)
Johannes Herolt, Sermones Discipuli (de tempore)
Rubric: De aduentu domini
Incipit: ⟨E⟩cce rex tuus venit tibi mansuetus Zach. ix, Mt. xxj, Mar. xj, Luc. xix, Ioh. xij. Egregius doctor noster sanctus Thomas de Aquino dicit quod nulla accio sit perfecta seu meritoria
Explicit: quem vivum querebant et mortuum inueniebant etc.
Final rubric: Et sic est finis partis huius estiualis sermonum discipuli de tempore diebus dominicalibus predictis. Secuntur nunc sermones generales in sexternis sequenti huic materie precedenti condependentes Et primo de apostolis Cogitacio eorum etc.

From Advent to Easter Saturday occupy quires 2–10, whose last two leaves (fols. 116r–117v) are blank; Easter Day starts on fol. 118r.

Sermons numbered in ink in the upper margin, 1–136 (sometimes in red, especially from fol. 127v onwards).

Kaeppeli, Scriptores, no. 2387 [i]; ed. Mainz (1612) (printed by J. Albin for B. Wolter), i. 1–771. (There is no modern edition, we therefore follow N. R. Ker, MMBL, IV (1992), pp. 325–28 in citing vol. I of the 1612 Mainz edition, of which a digitized copy is available through Google Books and the Hathi Trust. A 1518 Lyon edition is also online, and uses the same sermon numbering, but is less convenient to cite because it is not paginated or foliated).

The letters in the margins of these and the other Herolt sermons below are used in the original cross-references; they do not start with A at the beginning of sermons, nor do they correspond to the columns of this particular copy.

There is an added note of papal indulgences for the feast of the Last Supper, granted by Popes Urban IV, Martin V, and Eugene [IV], totalling 11,100 days (fol. 166v, lower margin).

3. (fols. 316r–318v, filling quire 27)
Three added sermons
Rubric: De sancta margarita.
Incipit: Inimicicias ponam inter te et mulierum […] Gen iijº ⟨: 15⟩ Hec verba dominus ad serpentem dixit
Rubric: De diuisione apostolorum.
Incipit: Erit dies in qua clamabunt custodes in monte samarie […] Iei 31 [cf. vv. 5–6] Quandocumque bellum iuscat alicui principi illico exercitum congregat
Rubric: De sancta maria magdalena.
Incipit: In lectulo meo per noctis quesiui […] Can iij ⟨: 1⟩ Dicit augustinus beatus doctor in libro de doctrina christiana Dictus est quem nemo perdit nisi deceptus

Unidentified. Described in table of contents at the front as Aliqui peregrini sermones; they are not as Herolt ed. Mainz (1612), ii. 235–6 (Margaret), 236–41 (Mary Magdalene). These sermons were added (with different script and layout) on leaves left blank at the end of quire 27; fols. 314v–315v and 319r–v remain blank.

4. (fols. 320r–41v)
Johannes Herolt, Sermones Discipuli
Rubric: [heading in upper margin:] Secuntur hic quasi per sexternum quidam sermones communes pro omni tempore et pro omni persona etc.
Incipit: Cogitacio eorum apud altissimum sapiencie quinta. Sciendum quod tria sunt principaliter cum quibus meremur et peccamus scilicet cogitatione
Explicit: in matrimonio hoc quere 25 Bene.
Final rubric: Explicit sermo de sacramentis.
Kaeppeli, no. 2387 [ii]; ed. Mainz (1612), i. 772–837.

Numbered 137–48.

5. (fols. 341v–362r)
Johannes Herolt, Sermones Discipuli (commune sanctorum)
Rubric: Sequitur nunc commune sanctorum primo de apostolis de martiribus Et sic secundum ordinem etc.
Incipit: Ego vos eligi de mundo Johannis quindecimo ⟨:19⟩ Ex quo christus dicit in ewangelio ut habetur Mt. 22 Multi sunt vocati pauci vero electi
Explicit: de matrimonio spirituali quere ante sermone 124 K.
Kaeppeli, no. 2387 [iii]; ed. Mainz (1612), i. 838–91.

Numbered 149–157.

6. (fols. 362r–70v)
Three sermons, for angels, saints, and souls.

Treated in the Table of contents as a separate item; ‘In die Michaelis Sermo de angelis’, ‘De omnibus sanctis’ and ‘De animabus’

Ed. Mainz (1612) i. 891–911.

Numbered 158–60.

7. (fols. 370v–383r)
Sermons and exempla
Incipit: ⟨B⟩eatam me dicent omnes generaciones. Luc. 1⟨:48⟩ Iohannes de sancto Geminiano dicit. Sol non emittit radios suos super terram
Explicit: finem in bona finiuit
Final rubric: Expliciunt sermones ex diversis sanctorum […] et offero ad emendam.

Described in table of contents at the front as ‘Sermones de beata virgine’

ed. Mainz (1612), i. 911–42/14, i.e. ending with the ‘exemplum de quodam rustico’, followed by the explicit as ibid. i. 944, but here without the words ‘per modum magistri’.

Numbered 161–3 (164).

Most of the following items have two very similar headings, the first in plain ink, underlined, the second in red ink; the former is given here, with any further additional words from the rubrics in brackets.

8.
Sermons
8a. (fols. 383v–387v)
Rubric: Secuntur themata festiuitatum maiorum sanctorum per anni circulum
Incipit: Vocauit eos dicens venite post me Mathei c.4o⟨:19⟩. Circa illus thema tria sunt dicenda
Explicit: de interiori conscientia quere 9 F
Final rubric: Explicit tabula de sanctis

From Nicholas to Katherine (6 Dec. – 25 Nov.); includes Kylian, Henry, and Dominic (fol. 386r).

8b. (fols. 387v–388r)
Rubric: Sequuntur alij sermones communes et vtiles et primo de dedicacione
Incipit: Ecce vir nomine zacheus […] Luc 19 ⟨: 2⟩ Beda in Omelija hodierna dicit quod Zacheus interpretatur iustificatus
Explicit: alij falsam istum sermonem bonum et utilem posuimus(?) populo quere 44 T

Six entries for Dedication, followed by one De penitencia.

8c. (fols. 388r–91r)
Rubric: Sequuntur nunc alij sermones et hoc quadragesimam Et primo In die cineris feria quaterna Epistola
Incipit: Convertimini ad me in toto corde vestro […] Johelis 2 ⟨: 12⟩ Hic est dauid quoniam sex
Explicit: animabus defunctorum subvenire istum sermonem quem Centesimo sexagesima circa h litteram etc est finis huius etc.

The last is for the vigil of Easter.

9. (fols. 391r–7r)
Table of exempla
Rubric: Incipit tabula de exemplis que habentur in hijs sermonibus et hoc secundum litteras alphabeti et primo de a abstinencia
Incipit: Abstinencia mulier aque [sic for que] portavit loricam ad carnem
Explicit: collum abscidit 110.V
Final rubric: Expliciunt tabula de exemplis que habentur in hoc libro etc.

Abstinencia to Ypocrita.

10. (fols. 397r–398v)
Tabulae
Rubric: Sequitur nunc registrum de decem preceptis (domini)
Incipit: Non adorabis deos alienos Contra hoc primum preceptum 24 genera hominum
Rubric: De nouem peccatis alienis
Rubric: De septem peccatis mortalibus
Rubric: De sacramentis
Rubric: De sex operibus misericordie
Rubric: Exposicione super oracionem
Rubric: De duodecim articulis fidei Quere 146 B
Final rubric: Et sic est finis huius tabule.
11. (fols. 398v–411r)
Alphabetical index
Rubric: Sequitur nunc registrum de quibus uelit pertractare et pertractauit secundum ordinem alphabeti etc.
Incipit: Abstinenciam seruare in diuicijs et deliciis est spirituale martirium 13 V
Explicit: quando est peccatum mortale et quando non 100 X.
Final rubric: Explicit tabula secundum ordinem alphabeti

Abstinencia to Ypocrisis

12.
12a. (fols. 411r–12v)
Casus reseruati
Rubric: Sequuntur casus papales et episcopales etc. (qui sunt in sequentibus inueniuntur (?))
Incipit: Manus violentes in clericum
Explicit: pro utilitate populi videbitur expedire
Final rubric: Expliciunt casus papales et episcopales
12b. (fols. 412v–15r)
Rubric: Sequuntur nunc inhibiciones a sacra communione seu eucarista
Incipit: Infrascriptos quos nominabo
Explicit: reiteracio de hoc quere 43 N.
Final rubric: Expliciunt inhibiciones etc.

Printed ed. Mainz (1612), ii, last 7 pages, where the short paragraph here following the explicit of (b) precedes it.

13. (fol. 415r–v)
List of books
Rubric: Modus legendi in isto libro
Incipit: In decre(tum) di(stincio) 28 [recte 38 (?)] c. Nullus episcopus
Explicit: in commentatore sex principium
Colophon: Et sic est finis huius libri intitulat' discipulus compilatus per me Iodoc(um) Cristen Sub anno domini Mº4[ . ]6 [a character is erased after the 4 and a 2 added after the 6 mensis aprilis illo tempore rector Ambonis siue seminator verbi dei in Smoll De quo sit benedictus trinus inpersonis et vnus inessencia deus vna cum virgine maria pariterque omnibus sanctis propter eundem eandemque pariterque eosdem supplico omnibus ineo studentibus vnum pater noster orare aueque maria.

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: Mt vj factum
Composed of four codicological units (quires 1; 2–10; 11–27; and 28–35), written in different scripts, but apparently contemporary.
Form: codex
Support: Paper, the centre of each quire strengthened with narrow parchment strips. Watermarks: (fols. 1–9) dreiberg with seven-petalled flower. Other sections frequently indistinct; the principal watermarks seem to be dreiberg with cross (eg. fol. 117; cf. Piccard Dreiberg VII. 2281) and bull’s head with eight-petalled flower (e.g. fol. 319; cf. Piccard Online 69399 and variants); on fols. 404-14 bull’s head with five-petalled flower above and triangle with three points below, two crossbars on the lower rod (type Piccard Ochsenkopf XII.851-878)
Extent: i + 415 + i
Dimensions (leaf): 313 × 215 mm.
Foliation: i, 1–416, in pencil by ‘B.C.B[arker-]B[enfield] 9 Oct. 1981’

Collation

110-1 (last blank cancelled), 2–1012 (fols. 10–117); 1112–2612, 2712-2 (10, 11, probably blank, cancelled after f. 318) (fols. 118–319); 2812–3512. Catchwords (usually cropped, especially at the start and the end).

Layout

Frame ruled for 2 columns.

Fols. 1–10: c. 42 lines, ruled space c. 235 × 145 mm.

Fols. 11–117: c. 45–55 lines, ruled space c. 235 × 140 mm.

Fols. 118–314 c. 40–47 lines, ruled space c. 235 × 140 mm.

Fols. 316r–318v, c. 65 lines, ruled space c. 260–70 × 135 mm.

Fols. 320–415: c. 46–52 lines, ruled space c. 230 × 135-40 mm.

Hand(s)

Written in cursiva, by several hands, changing at fols. 10 (beginning of quire 2), 118 (beginning of quire 11), 320 (beginning of quire 28), and 404 (beginning of quire 35); for the added texts on fols. 316r–318v); for almost all fol. 359v, and for 13 lines on fol. 381vb.

Decoration

Red initials, most spaces left blank after f. 304.

Binding

Contemporary binding. Sewn on four double bands laced into wood boards covered with polished brown leather, blind-tooled with five stamps: (i) an eagle displayed in a circle (20 mm. diameter) (cf. EBDB s015440), (ii) foliage in a lozenge (28 × 19 mm.) (cf. EBDB s001029), (iii) two ivy-leaves on a stem (30 × 14 mm.) (cf. EBDB s015831), and (iv) a seated figure holding up a ring (?ape with mirror) (8 × 8 mm.), the first occupying the full lozenges and the second the half-lozenges at the sides of the centre section, which is surrounded by a border with the third stamp along the sides and the fourth in the corners, the central lattice and the borders being defined by four fillets with the central band hatched, with the fifth stamp, ‘yhs’ (28 × 21 mm.) (cf. EBDB s031734), in the centre of the top border on the front cover. Four stamps are associated with the Schriftstempel-Meister workshop in Leipzig, EBDB w000846; cf. MS. Hamilton 30. Metal corner-pieces; five bosses on each cover, all missing; catchplates; the clasps modern; the joints repaired and the spine re-applied upside-down such that a 19th(?)-century title in ink ‘ … | SERMONES’ is now inverted in the second compartment from the bottom and a 20th-century leather title-piece is in the second compartment from the top.

Accompanying Material

The quire-strengthening strips are from a 12th-century noted service-book.

History

Origin: 1462 ; Germany

Provenance and Acquisition

Written in part by Jodocus Christen, at ‘Smoll’ (unidentified), in 1462 (fol. 415v). (This manuscript not included in Watson, Dated and Datable). Christen also wrote in 1458 a manuscript that was lot 89 in the 1836 von Bülow sale; in 1460 he wrote part of MS. Hamilton 30, and parts of two or more Bibles (von Bülow sale, 1836 [see below], lots 155, 156, 158); in 1463 the second volume of a two-volume Bible (von Bülow sale, lot 149); in 1477 he was elected Prior of Erfurt, and in 1479 first Prior of Martinstal Charterhouse near Crimmitschau in Saxony. He was presumably dead before 1485 as his successor died in that year.

Jodocus Christen; given in 1465 (together with MS. Hamilton 30, which also contains Sermons by John Herolt), to:

Erfurt, Carthusian abbey of St. Salvator: ‘Volumen hoc pertinet ad domum Salvatoris ordinis Carthusiensis prope Erfordiam a domino Iodoco Cristen anno noviciatus sui 1465 eidem intestatus traditus’ (front pastedown); their library catalogue no. O.49 (Mittelalterliche Bibliothekskataloge Deutschlands und der Schweiz, II, p. 498).

Friedrich Gottlieb Julius von Bülow: his sale at Gisleben, Bibliotheca Büloviana … Dritter Theil (Handschriften) …, 10 October 1836 and following days, lot 126.

Gilyatt Sumner (1793-1875) of Woodmansey, Yorks., signed and dated 1856, and inscribed with his(?) shelfmark, ‘Case B AA’ (fol. 1r); his sale, Beverley, 31 October 1877, lot 12.

Unidentified English bookseller, with a clipping from their priced catalogue and traces of another clipping (back pastedown; cf. erased pencil price on front pastedown).

Snowshill Manor

‘Deposited [at the Bodleian] by the National Trust (from Snowshill Manor, Glos.) 26 Jan. 1981.’ (fol. ir).

Record Sources

Description (May 2021) by Peter Kidd, edited by Matthew Holford.

Digital Images

Digital Bodleian (full digital facsimile)

Bibliography

Last Substantive Revision

2021-05: Description revised by Peter Kidd for Polonsky German digitization project.