A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

MS. Auct. D. 2. 19

Summary Catalogue no.: 3946

Rushworth Gospels or Macregol Gospels

The Macregol or Rushworth Gospels; Ireland (Birr), before 822


Gospels (Macregol or Rushworth Gospels)

Old English gloss added, 10th century.

Text and gloss ed. K. Tamoto, The Macregol Gospels or The Rushworth Gospels (2013)

Language(s): Latin with added glosses in Old English

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment
Extent: 169 fols.
Dimensions (leaf): 345-50 × 270 mm.


1 col., 22 lines; written space 270 × 210 mm.


Two scribes, (A) 'Macregol', fols. 1-84 (except fol. 58v lines 15-22, fol. 75 lines 19-22), 126, 128-47, 148-69v; (B) fol. 58v lines 15-22, fol. 75 lines 19-22, fols. 85v-125v, 127v, 147v.


Important miniatures, borders, initials. Written (in part) and illuminated by Macregol, probably the abbot of Birr who d. 822 (P&A iii. 1269, pls. CXIV - CXVI)


Origin: 9th century, early (before 822); additions, 10th century ; Irish, Birr; ; additions, English, 'aet harawuda' (Harewood, Yorks., or Harewood, Herefs. (?))

Provenance and Acquisition

'Macregol dipincxit hoc euangelium: Quicumque legerit... orat pro macreguil scriptori', fol. 169v.; probably Mac Regol, abbot of Birr, d. 822.

Old English glosses end with the names of the two glossators (fols. 168v-169): 'ðe min bruche gebidde fore owun ðe ðas boc gloesde. færmen ðæm preoste æt harawuda. hæfe nu boc awritne bruca mið willa symle mið soðum gileofa sibb is eghwæm leofost'.

Owned in 1665 by John Rushworth (?1612-1690).

Given by him to the Bodleian, perhaps in 1681.

Record Sources

Description adapted (2018) from Watson, Pächt and Alexander (see Bibliography), and the Summary Catalogue.


To ensure its availability to future readers, access to this item is restricted, and readers are asked to work from reproductions and published descriptions as far as possible. To apply to see the original, please send a message to specialcollections.enquiries@bodleian.ox.ac.uk, outlining the subject of your research, the importance of this item to that research, and the resources you have already consulted.

Digital Images

Digital Bodleian (full digital facsimile)
Digital Bodleian (49 images from 35mm slides)


    A. G. Watson, Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c.435-1600 in Oxford Libraries (Oxford, 1984), no. 43
    Otto Pächt and J. J. G. Alexander, Illuminated Manuscripts in the Bodleian Library Oxford, III (1973), no. 1269

    Online resources:

Last Substantive Revision

2017-07-01: First online publication.