MS. Don. e. 120
Summary Catalogue no.: Not in SC (late accession)
Items 1–3 are additions relating to the cult of Henry VI, added by hands of the late 15th century (pr. Raine, 1858, 175–6; see also Paulus Grosjean, Henrici VI Angliae regis miracula postuma: ex codice Musei Britannici Regio 13. C. VIII (Subsidia Hagiographica, 22: Brussels, 1935), pp. 237*-239*); Ronald Knox and Shane Leslie, The Miracles of King Henry VI (Cambridge, 1923), p. 7; and Payne Collier, 1858, pp. 57–60):
Additions relating to the Pudsay family of Bolton-by-Bowland, Barforth, and Lawfield, Yorks (pr. C. S., 1835; and Raine, 1858, pp. 173–90, with some omissions). Dated entries extend from 1556 (fol. 7r) to 1749 (fol. 6r); they include references to Thomas Pudsay (c.1531–1576) 'who died in Yorke prisoner for his conscience, a trewe confessor of the catholik faythe' (fol. 4v, cf. fol. 9r). For three documents of Thomas and his son William, see MS. Don. a. 10, fols. 4–10. For materials on the present manuscript and its history, collected by Miss. O. Littledale, see MS. Don. c. 145.
Calendar in red and black, including many English saints, and including St. Bernardinus in red (21 May; d.1444, canonized 1450); Thomas Becket's name is unscathed in Dec. and Jan. (the manuscript stayed in recusant hands throughout the 16th century and beyond), but absent in July.
starting imperfect in the 4th at '|| mandasti penis te molestauerunt ...', due to the loss of two leaves excised before fol. 11, and ending imperfect in the 15th at '... et ex lancea militari per||[cusso]', due to the loss of a leaf after fol. 13.
Commemmoration of the Trinity, starting imperfect in the antiphonDeus omnipotens pater et filius et spiritus sanctus da mihi famulo tuo N. uictoriam contra omnes inimicos meos ...at '||bus de omnibus periculis ...' due to the loss of a leaf before fol. 14 (cf. MS. Lat. liturg. g. 5, pp. 174–185; see also de la Mare, Lyell cat., p. 373 no. 88).
Hours of the Virgin, Use of Sarum, with the Hours of the Cross worked in, and with Suffrages (fols. 23v-28r) following Lauds, to the Holy Spirit, Trinity, Holy Cross, the Archangel Michael, and saints John the Baptist, Peter & Paul, Andrew, Stephen, Laurence, Thomas, Nicholas, Mary Magdalen, Katherine, Margaret, All Saints, and Peace; followed (fols. 38v-39v) by the Salve regina; the Hours starting imperfect in the Matins hymn Quem terra ponthus etheraat '|| adorant predicant trinam regentem machinam ...' due to the loss of two leaves before fol. 15, single leaves also missing after fols. 22, 32, and 37.
The Seven Penitential Psalms; the first initial excised.
The Fifteen Gradual Psalms; the first twelve given by cue only.
Litany and Collects; the Litany (based on a Flemish text for the English market, and including, for example, the spurious saint Wallepaxtus) imperfect due to the loss of single leaves after fol. 49, containing the Confessors from St. Maurus, and all the Virgins, and after fol. 51, from the third Agnus deito the Collect Deus a quo sancta desideria ...at '|| dare non potest pacem ...'.
Office of the Dead, starting imperfect in Ps. 137:2 (at '|| magnificasti super omne ...') due to the loss of a leaf before fol. 53, and ending imperfect before the final prayers, due to the loss of a leaf after fol. 70.
Commemorations of the Soul, ending with two prayers:
Ruled as far as fol. 21v in pale red ink, with single vertical bounding lines, the top and bottom horizontal line extending to the gutter edge only; ruled thereafter in pale brown ink, between single vertical bounding lines, the top and bottom horizontal line extending the full width of the page. 21 lines of text per per page.
Written in a regular gothic liturgical bookhand
Rubrics in bright red; in the Fifteen Oes 'pater noster' is spelt 'patre nostre'.
The start of the Commendations of the Dead with a six-line foliate initial in blue and rose on a gold ground, with a four-sided border of stylised and semi-naturalistic flowers and foliage; the Penitential Psalms originally with a six-line initial (now excised) and a similar border; the start of the Hours of the Virgin missing, the lesser Hours with five- (fols. 28v, 37r) or four-line initials in gold on a 'quartered' blue and rose ground with while tracery, a narrow gold bar running the height of the text, terminating in spays of blue, rose, and gold foliate ornament; psalms, prayers, KL monograms in the calendar, etc., with similar two-line initials; verses, etc., alternately with one-line initials in blue with red penwork, or gold with blue penwork; simple red, blue, and gold line-fillers in the litany.
Sewn on four thongs, with kettle-stitching (but no endbands extant); bound in (original?) brown leather, over wood boards; the thongs, apparently secured by copper(?) nails visible in their horizontal channels in the lower board; the upper board with an original(?) pastedown; the whole re-covered with 17th-century(?) red velvet, with brass corner pieces, and an unusual fitting of brass and velvet over leather in the middle compartment of the spine; traces of a strap-and-pin fastening, consisting of two straps, each secured by a round-headed nail, at the fore-edge of the upper board, and corresponding nail holes (one nail extant) in the middle of the lower board. In a fitted box.
Provenance and Acquisition
Made in Flanders, for an unidentified English patron, not before, but perhaps shortly after, 1450; there is no obvious reason for the inclusion in red of St. Bernardinus (canonized 1450) in the calendar, but his highly-graded presence may perhaps be explained if the canonization were very recent.
The Pudsey family, with numerous family inscriptions, from the early 16th century to at least 1749; as far as has been ascetained by Olivia Littledale (see below), the descent of the manuscript was as follows: (i) Thomas Pudsey (1531–76), perhaps inherited from his wife's family. (ii) Elizabeth Pudsey (neé Scrope, d.1620), Thomas's wife; an inscription on fol. 39v may perhaps be read as 'my lady Scrope' (iii) Ambrose Pudsey (1565–1623), Thomas & Elizabeth's 3rd son. (iv) Michael Pudsey (1618–98), Ambrose's son. (v) Thomas Pudsey (1655–1723) Michael's son. (vi) Michael Pudsey (1680–1749), Thomas's son. (vii) ? Mary Pudsey (d.c.1810), Michael's daughter, who died poor, unmarried and without siblings. The manuscript then passed out of family ownership.
? J. Rawling Wilson, of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, by 1835 (see C. S., 1835).
Edward Charlton, M.D., c.1857: in Payne Collier, 1858, footnote on p. 58, the editor thanks Charlton for supplying information about the Pudsay Hours, so he was presumably the owner at about that date; he is possibly the same Dr. Charlton whose oriental manuscripts were sold, posthumously, by Sotheby's, 23 June 1879 and two following days.
Captain Francis du Cane; purchased from a the bookseller Robinson, 23 Pilgrim St., Newcastle, in 1854, and presented to H. A. Littledale in 1858.
Further descendants of the Pudsey family: (i) Henry Arthur Littledale. (ii) Capt. H. Littledale, Henry's son. (iii) Major H. A. P. Littledale, Capt. H. Littledale's son. (iv) Olivia Littledale, Major H. A. P. Littledale's cousin.
Given to the Bodleian by Miss O. Littledale, through the Friends of the Bodleian, in 1973.
Digital Bodleian (1 image from 35mm slides)
Last Substantive Revision
2017-07-01: First online publication.