MS. Douce 248
Summary Catalogue no.: 21822
Book of Hours in Middle Dutch; Delft, mid-15th century
Largely in the version of Geert Groote: Het getijdenboek van Geert Grote, ed. N. van Wijk (Leiden, 1940)
Full, in red and black, two pages for a month. Including in red the typical Utrecht diocese feasts: Pontianus (Jan. 14), Pancras (May 12), Servatius (May 13), Odulph (12 June), translation of Martin (4 July), Lebuin (12 June), and Willibrord (7 Nov.); the two distinctive Delft feasts, Hippolytus (13 August) and the 11000 Virgins (21 Oct.); also Jereon (17 Aug.) (see A. Korteweg, 'Books of Hours from the Northern Netherlands reconsidered: the uses of Utrecht and Windesheim and Geert Grote's role as a translator', in Books of Hours Reconsidered, ed. S. L. Hindman and J. H. Marrow (2013), pp. 235-261 (at 238-240)).
As ed. van Wijk, pp. 92-112.
Followed (fol. 37r-v) by response, versicle and collect 'tusschen paeschen end die octaue van pinxteren'.
As ed. van Wijk, pp. 87-91.
Followed (fol. 73r-v) by an additional prayer:
As ed. van Wijk pp. (Pater Noster given in full and followed by Ave Maria). Fol. 93v part blank at the end of Matins
As ed. van Wijk pp. 139-145.
Followed by another prayer (fols. 167r-v) for which cf. MS. Buchanan f. 4 fols. 198v-201r:
Cf. Meertens VI.184 (22a)
Ave Maria, Middle Dutch version
'Van den eygen enghel', St Michael, All Angels, St John Baptist, St Peter, St James, St Paul, St Andrew, St John Evangelist, St James Less, St Philip, St Thomas, St Mathias, SS Simon and Jude, St Bartholomew, St Mattheus, St Sebastian, St George, St Adrian, St Lawrence, 10000 Martyrs, St Cornelius, St Ypolitus, Three Kings, St Anthony, St Nicholas, St Ewald ('Ewout'), St Martin, St Francis, St Judocus ('Ioest'), St Ursula, 11000 Virgins, St Margaret, St Mary Magdalen, St Barbara, St Katherine, St Agnes, St Dorothy, St Appolonia, St Gertrude, St Wilgefortis/Uncumber ('Ontcomer'), St Elizabeth, St Anne, All Saints
Ruled in purple for one column of 18 lines; ruled space 92 × 58 mm. (outer margin 40 mm., upper margin 27-8 mm.)
Formal textualis; one hand.
"Fine grisaille miniatures, historiated borders, historiated and other initials. Related in style to Brussels, Bib. Roy., MS. 21696, and Leiden, Univ. Bibl., B.P.L. 224" (Pächt and Alexander i. 219, pl. XVI).
Calendar: KL monograms with penwork extending into partial borders.
Miniatures on inserted sheets for the Hours of the Virgin, grisaille (more stricly semi-grisaille) with highlighting in yellow wash, haloes in gold, backgrounds painted in blue and gold; in the style of the so-called 'Masters of the Delft Grisailles'. M. Osterstrom-Renger, 'The Netherlandish Grisaille Miniatures: Some Unexplored Espects,” Wallraf-Richartz-Jahrbuch 44 (1983), 145–73. 152 fig. 4 illustrates fol. 74v.
- fol. 74v, Annunciation (marginal scroll 'Non venit ad veniam qui nescit amare Mariam')
- fol. 94v, Visitation
- fol. 100v, Nativity
- fol. 104v, Circumcision
- fol. 109v, Adoration of the Magi
- fol. 114v, Presentation in the Temple
- fol. 121v, Massacre of the Innocents
- fol. 127v, Flight into Egypt
Borders: full and partial penwork borders in blue and red in the Delft 'scallop' or 'schulp' style (The Golden Age of Dutch Manuscript Painting (1990), p. 186; Kriezels, Aubergines En Takkenbossen : Randversiering in Noordnederlandse Handschriften Uit De Vijftiende Eeuw, ed. A. S. Korteweg (1992), pp. 57-8); frequently with drolleries, animals, birds, scrolls carrying text, and historiated decoration. Miniatures with borders in different style.
Major divisions marked by historiated initials, with full penwork borders (partially painted):
- fol. 66r (Short Hours of the Cross), 8 lines, in gold and blue, Christ's wounds on a crucifix, with the instruments of the passion; outer margin, phoenix, with scroll 'Ignis ardore comburet prolis amore fenix' (the last word in red); in lower margin, Agnus Dei.
- fol. 75r (Hours of the Virgin), 9 lines, Virgin and Child; angel in outer margin
- fol. 163v (Prayers and suffrages), 6 lines, monstrance; angel in margin
Other major divisions marked by large decorated initials, with full penwork borders (partially painted):
- fol. 12r (Hours of the Eternal Wisdom): 8 lines, in gold and blue; border with dragons and figure with scroll 'quotquot agas prudenter agas et respice finem'
- fol. 38r (Die hundert Betrachtungen), 8 lines, in gold, red and blue; marginal figures include pelican in its piety.
- fol. 142r (Penitential Psalms), 8 line, in gold, red and blue; King David in outer margin
- fol. 218r (Office of the Dead), 8 lines; nun with rosary in margin
Smaller initials with partial penwork borders:
- (a) usually 4-line initials often with marginal animals, hybrids or scrolls: fols. 13r (rabbit and hybrid), 21r (hybrid), 24r (hybrid), 26r, 28r, 29v, 31v, 34v (owl), 40r, 71r, 84v (mermaid), 95r, 101r, 105r (unicorn; bird with scroll with Dutch text), 110r (bird with scroll with Dutch text), 115r (5 lines), 122r, 128r (7 lines, virgin and unicorn in lower margin, birds and vase (?) in outer margin), 167v, pelican, scroll with Dutch text, 184v, peacock; 186r, bird, scroll with Dutch text.
- (b) usually 3-line initials in red and blue, sometimes gold, with penwork in both colours, sometimes with marginal birds or animals, fols. 43r, 46r, 49r, 52r, 55r, 59v, 67r, 68r, 69r, 70r, 72r, 130r, 131v, 133v, 135r, 137r, 139r, 141r (gold), 151v (gold, stag in margin) 165v (gold; bird in margin with scroll with Dutch text), 169r, 170v (blue and gold, grotesque in margin) , 172r (blue and gold), 177v (blue and gold), 180r, 180v (marginal scroll with text in Dutch), 187v (blue and gold, cormorant (?) killing snake in margin), 188v (blue and gold, lily with birds in margin), 189r, 198v (St Lawrence in margin), 205r (heart with arrow in margin, scroll with Dutch text), 206r (St Margaret in margin), 206v (nun with book in margin, women or man and woman dressed in leaves, spinning, in lower margins of 206v-207r); 213r, 215r, 217r, 244v
Usually 2-line initials in blue alternating with red (sometimes blue alternating with gold, especially in fols. 172r-176v, 189v-212r), with penwork in red or light blue, occasionally with marginal figures: at fol. 201v, a chained ape in margin, fol. 202v, bird's head; fol. 208v, scroll with Dutch text; fol. 210r, cat and mouse; fol. 212r, jester .
Coloured 1-line initials in blue or red.
Red velvet, 18th or 19th century.
Provenance and Acquisition
Inscriptions, mostly effaced, on fol. 256v.
Francis Douce, 1757–1834: probably acquired Oct. 1833 (Douce Legacy, no. 253).
Bequeathed to the Bodleian in 1834
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Last Substantive Revision
2023-05: Description revised for publication on Digital Bodleian.