A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

MS. Gough Liturg. 3

Summary Catalogue no.: 18344


Book of Hours, Use of Sarum
Language(s): Latin with a litte Middle English
1. (fols. 8r-13v)


Full; 7 August, Dulcissimi nominis Jesu.

2. (fols. 15r-58v)
Hours and prayers
2.1. (fols. 15r-40v)
Hours of the Virgin, Use of Sarum, with the Hours of the Cross worked in

Suffrages after Lauds (fols. 24r-28r) as summarized in Horae Eboracenses, ed. Wordsworth (1920), 44-5, but without Panthaleon, Erkenwald, Armagilus, Wilgefortis, Sitha; after Matins of the Hours of the Cross (fol. 28r-v, as Horae Ebor. 46) follows 'In omni tribulacione temptacione necessitate \in/firmitate pa\u/pertate timore dolore pestilencia fame et angustia succurre nobis piissima uirgo Mariae. Amen. Ihesus for thy holi name and thy byttir paschon, Ihesus sayffe me fro syn and schaym and fro endlesse dampnacion and brynge me to thy blesse Ihesus haue mercy on me. Amen.'

Compline followed (fol. 39v) by troped Salve regina and (fol. 40r) prayer ('Omnipotens sempiterne deus qui gloriose uirginis et matris Marie corpus'), as pr. Horae Ebor. 62-3.

2.2. (fol. 40v)
Five Joys of the Virgin Mary
Incipit: Gaude virgo mater Christi
Chevalier 7017; Horae Ebor. 63-4
2.3. (fols. 41r-42r)
Seven Joys of the Virgin, with prefatory prayer, and antiphon and prayer following
Incipit: Deus qui beatissima semper virginem Mariam in conceptu et partu
Incipit: Gaude flore virginali
Incipit: Dulcissime domine Ihesu Christe fili dei uiui
Chevalier 6810; Horae Ebor. 64-6
2.4. (fol. 42r-v)
Incipit: Confiteor tibi domine Ihese Christe omnia peccata mea quecumque feci ab infancia mea
Incipit: Suscipere dignare domine deus omnipotens has orationes
Horae Ebor. 36
2.5. (fols. 43r-44v)
Prayers, with rubrics in English
Rubric: Whan thou recevyest the pax say thys

Ending 'For the lyuyng and deed', as E. Hoskins, Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis (1901), 108-9; cf. Horae Ebor 36-7n.

2.6. (fols. 44v-46r)
Incipit: Dominus deus meus omnipotens pater et filius et spiritus sanctus. Da michi famulo tuo N. victoriam contra omnes inimicos

Followed by cues for Ps. 53, Ps. 66, Ps. 129

Incipit: Libera me domine Ihesu Christe dili dei viui qui in cruce suspensus fuisti

Masculine forms; as e.g. Oxford, Queen's College, MS. 349, fols. 33r-34v.

2.7. (fols. 46r-47v)
Suffrages to Saint Jacob, Saint Christopher, Saint Sebastian, and Saint Anthony
Incipit: Lux et decus Hispaniae
Incipit: Esto domine plebis tue sanctificator
Incipit: Sancte Christofore martir dei preciose rogo te per nomen Christi
Incipit: Deus qui beatum Cristoforum martirem tuum uirtute constancie in passione roborasti
Incipit: O quam mira refulsit gracia Sebastianus
Incipit: Deus qui beatum Sebastianum martirem tuum in tue fide et dilectione tam ardenter solidasti
Incipit: Anthoni pastor inclite qui cruciatos reficis morbos sanas
Incipit: Deus qui concedis obtentu beati Anthonii

cf. Hoskins 112-113.

2.8. (fols. 47v-49r)
O intemerata (masculine forms)
2.9. (fol. 49r-v)
Prayer to the Virgin
Incipit: Sancta Maria dei genitrix
Horae Ebor. 68
2.10. (fols. 49r-54r)
(fols. 49v-51v)
Rubric: Oratio sancti Gregorij
Incipit: Dominator domine deus
Explicit: quia deus meus es tu

Cf. Hoskins 116

Prayers to the name of Jesus
(fols. 51v-52v)
Incipit: O bone Ihesu, O dulcis Ihesu

Horae Ebor. 83-4

(fol. 53r)
Incipit: Deus qui gloriosissimum nomen
Horae Ebor. 84-5
2.11. (fol. 53r-v)
Incipit: Sanctifica me domine Ihesu Christe signaculo tue sancte crucis
Horae Ebor. 85
2.12. (fol. 53v)
Incipit: Deus qui sanctorum angelorum tuorum aliquos
Horae Ebor. 85 n.2; Hoskins, 112
2.13. (fols. 54r-56r)
Litany of the Virgin
Incipit: Kyrieleyson. Christelyeson. Christe audi nos. Saluator mundi adiuua nos. Sancta Maria ora pro nobis.
Explicit: nunquam sine adiuturio tuo dimittas me. Amen.

For other manuscripts see Lyell Catalogue, pp. 66-7 (on MS. Lyell 30 fol. 116).

2.14. (fol. 56r-v)
Incipit: Aue plena gracie uirgo fecundata
Chevalier 2033
2.15. (fol. 56v-57r)
Incipit: O domina piissima uirgo perhennis
Explicit: assis presens ad obitum meum
Chevalier 12926
2.16. (fols. 57r-58r)
Incipit: O sancte Erasme martir Christi preciose et pontifex qui in die dominica oblatus fuisti deo et cum eo leticiam sue resurreccionis suscepisti
Devotion to Saint Erasmus
2.17. (fol. 58r-v)
Incipit: Domine Deus omnipotens pater qui regnas in sancta trinitate da in terris pacem infirmis sanitatem uiuis ueram caritatem
2.18. (fol. 58v)
Incipit: Aue et gaude pia Maria mater dei et domini nostri Ihesu Christi regina celi domina mundi
3. (fols. 60r-71v)
3.1. (fols. 60r-65r )
The Seven Penitential Psalms: Psalms 6, 31, 37, 50, 101, 129, 142, as usual.
3.2. (fols. 65r-66v )
Gradual Psalms (Psalms 119-133, cues only)
3.3. (fols. 66v-71v )
Litany of the Saints

Followed by six collects (Deus cui proprium, Omnipotens sempiterne deus, Deus qui caritatis, Deus a quo sancta, Ineffabilem misericordiam, Pietate tua)

4. (fols. 73r-94r)
The Office of the Dead
Rubric: Hic incipit vigilie mortuorum

On fol. 94v, originally blank, are added 16th-century notes of the Cope family; see Provenance.

5. (fol. 96r-104r)
Commendation of souls
6. (fols. 104v-120v)
6.1. (fols. 104v-111v)

Psalms of the Passion, followed by prayer, largely as Horae Ebor. 114-15

(fols. 104v-111r)
Psalms of the Passion (Ps. 21-30.6)
(fol. 111r-v)
Incipit: Respice quesumus domine super hanc familiam
Explicit: obsequiis mancipatum
6.2. (fols. 112r-120r)
(fols. 112r-113v)
Obsecro te
(fols. 113v-115r)
Incipit: Sancta maria regina celi et terre
Hoskins 111
(fol. 115r)
Incipit: Stella celi extirpavit
Horae Ebor. 69; Chevalier 19438
(fol. 115r-v)
Incipit: Deus misericordie deus pietatis
Horae Ebor. 69
(fol. 115v-117v)
Rubric: Ad eleuaccionem corporis Cristi
Incipit: Aue uerum corpus natum
Chevalier 2175
Incipit: Ave ihesu criste verbum patris
Chevalier 1844
Incipit: In presencia sacro sancti corporis et sanguinis
Incipit: Domine ihesu qui hanc sacratissimam carnem tuam
Horae Ebor. 70-72
(fol. 118r-v)
Incipit: Sancta trinitas unus deus miserere nobis
Horae Ebor. 72
(fol. 118v)
Incipit: Deus qui superbis resistis et humilibus das graciam
Horae Ebor. 72
(fol. 118v-119r)
Incipit: Deus qui liberasti susannam de falso crimine
Incipit: Domine Ihesu Christe qui me creasti
Incipit: Domine Ihesu Christi qui solus es sapiencia
Horae Ebor. 73
(fol. 119r)
Incipit: Rex iaspar rex melchior rex balthasar
Horae Ebor. 73
(fol. 119v)
Incipit: Deus illuminator omnium gentium
Horae Ebor. 74
(fol. 119v)
Incipit: Trium regum trium munus cristus honor deus unus
Horae Ebor. 74-5
(fol. 119v-120r)
Incipit: Deus qui tres magos orientales
Horae Ebor. 75
(fol. 120r-120v)
Rubric: This prayer folowyng is wreten in a stone in the church of sent John lateranus in Rome and there to is grauntid to al them that sey this prayer devoutlye knelyng on there knees onys off the day viii hundred thowsand yeres off pardon for dedly synnis afor tyme lost. Oracio
Incipit: Domine ihesu christe rogo te amore illius gaudii quod dilecta Maria mater tua habuit quando apparuisti

There are sporadic corrections to the text throughout.

(fols. 5r, 6r-7r, 122r-v)
Medical recipes in English

Addition, on four leaves at the beginning and four leaves at the end of the manuscript; including remedy 'For a kancar', three remedies attributed to 'Richard a wod othirways callyd the myller of Cutt' myll', one dated 1532; one remedy attributed to 'Mr. Wylliam Hoggan of Banbury'.

Fols. 3r-v, 4v, 121r-v, 123r-v, 124r-v are blank.

Language(s): Middle English

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment
Extent: iii (paper) + 4 (parchment) + 113 + 4 (parchment) + iii (paper)
Dimensions (leaf): 245 × 183 mm.
Foliation: 1-127, modern pencil


Calendar, 34 lines

Main text is ruled with 21 long lines. Pricking on 21 lines, with 2 holes for 20th line. Ruled space 150 × 105 mm. for text, 200 × 150 mm. for borders. The written space is ruled in brown ink, while the outer edges of border spaces are ruled in red ink.


Formal Gothic bookhand; semi-quadrata. One hand for main text.


Five miniatures in Flemish style, with borders in Flemish style, on inserted sheets. (Pächt and Alexander i. 354, pl. XXVIII, and iii. 1116, pl. CIV)

  • 14v: The Annunciation. Angel Gabriel, winged with cloak, kneeling before Mary, one hand on knee and other pointing, with banderolle running from pointed finger with the words "Ave gr[ati]a plena domin[us] tecum". Mary standing with palms forwards, in red dress and blue mantle, with an open codex behind her. Chapel interior with mountain scene on the left, with dove and ray of light. Lily in vase before both figures. Illustration faces the opening of Matins ("Domine labia me ap[er]ies").
  • 29v: The Nativity. Mary and Joseph kneeling before newborn Christ, who lies naked on Mary's cloak. Ox and ass behind Mary, with Angel Gabriel above and star of heaven above Christ. Scene of blue mountains and castle in the background. Illustration faces opening of Prime ("Deus in adiutoriu[m] meum meum intende").
  • 59v: The Crucifixion. Christ on cross, with wounds visible and streaming blood: nails pierce both his hands, one nail pierces feet, one wound over his heart, one wound in right leg. Soldier and official male figure to the right of the cross, in discussion. Three female figures on the left: Virgin Mary collapsing to the ground, likely Mary Magdalen behind her. Background scene of castles and blue mountains. Illustration faces Psalm 6 ("Domine ne reminiscar ne in furore tuo arguas me").
  • 72v: Requiem Mass. Church interior, with robed priest facing towards the altar, celebrating the Eucharist. Hearse with two candlesticks. Three figures on each side, bearing torches. Three additional figures: one male with book open, one male with hand raised, and one attendant with torch and bell. Illustration faces the opening of the Office of the Dead.
  • 95v: The particular judgement (see Rogers). Angel stands before Devil, soul represented as a child between them. Surrounded by green scene and peaks of blue mountains. Illustration faces the opening of Commendation of Souls.

Historiated initial "D" on folio 104v (in a different style) showing Christ as the Man of Wounds.

Borders (hybrid English / Flemish in style) on fols. 15r, 19v, 30r, 60r, 73r, 96r, 104v

4- or 5- line initials (English in style) on fols. 15r, 19v, 30r, 60r, 73r, 96r; elsewhere 2-line initials.

1-line initials in blue, flourished in red, or gold, flourished in blue.

Line fillers.


18th-century binding of leather over boards, each cover with a frame of gilt tooling with a pattern of insects and animals.


Origin: 15th century, late ; English , London (?) (see Rogers)

Provenance and Acquisition

John Cope (d. 1558), of Banbury and Canon's Ashby, on whom see History of Parliament and Visitations of Northamptonshire made in 1564 and 1618-19 (1887), 15: records of the births of his sons, Erasmus (born 1528) and George (born 12 Feb. 1530), at Eydon, Northamptonshire, on fol. 94v, signed 'per me Johannem Coope'. Also Anthony Coope on same folio, although with no further details. Rogers plausibly suggests that the manuscript may have been made for John's father William (1450-1513).

'C. W.', fols. 4r, 8r, 15r, 17th or 18th century; unidentified.

William Herbert, 1718-1795; his bookplate, inside upper cover; price code ('c/c t/t'), fol. 2r, similar to other Herbert books ((cf. R. Myers, 'William Herbert: his library and his friends', in Property of a Gentleman, ed. R. Myers and M. Harris (1991), 133-58 at 141, 149)

Richard Gough, 1735-1809

Bequeathed by him to the Bodleian. Former shelfmark Gough Missal 198.

Record Sources

Description by Anna-Nadine Pike, 2022. Previously described in the Summary Catalogue.

Digital Images

Digital Bodleian (full digital facsimile)
Digital Bodleian (4 images from 35mm slides)


    Printed descriptions and studies:

    Nicholas Rogers, 'The Particular Judgement: Two Earlier Examples of a Motif in Jan Mostaert's Lost Self-portrait', Oud Holland 97/ 3 (1983), pp. 125-127
    S. J. P. van Dijk, Latin Liturgical Manuscripts in the Bodleian Library, Oxford, vol. 4: Books of Hours (typescript, 1957), p. 179

Last Substantive Revision

2022-09: Description revised for publication on Digital Bodleian.