A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

MS. Holkham Gr. 100

Summary Catalogue no.: Not in SC (late accession)

Diktyon no.: 48168

Sibylline Oracles, Books I-VIII. 477, with a collation of the MS by Andreas Erasmus Seidel with Sibyllina oracula de graeco in latinum conversa et in eadem annotationes. Sebastiano Castalione interprete, Basel, 1546.


Language(s): Greek

1. (fols v(r)-v(v))

Table of Contents, inc. πῶς ἔκαμε ὁ θ(εὸ)ς τὸν κόσμον εἰς τὸ α´… des. περὶ τῶν λατίνων· ρε· ριε·

2. (fols 1r-179v)
Oracula Sibyllina

CPG 1352, CAVT 274, Books I-VIII. 477, prologue is omitted, tit. + Στίχ(οι) σιβύλλ(ης) τῆς προφήτιδ(ος), ἀρχὴ τῶν σιβυλλικῶν χρησμῶν, inc. Ἀρχομένη πρώτης γενεῆς μερόπων ἀνθρώπων … des. σπαργανωθεὶς (σπειρωθὲν ed.) δὲ βρέφος δείχθη θεοπειθέσι φάτνῃ; ed. J. Geffcken, Die Oracula Sibyllina, Die griechischen christlichen Schriftsteller 8, Leipzig, 1902, pp. 4–172. i) fols 1r-26r: Book I; ii) fols 26r-42r: Book [II]; iii) fols 42r-93v: Book III; iv) fols 93v-105r: Book IV (fol. 93v: in marg. ε = Book V); v) fols 105r-138r: Book V (fol. 105r: top ς = Book VI); vi) fols 138r-140r: Book VI (fol. 138r: in marg. ζ = Book VII); vii) fols 140r-150r: Book VII (fol. 140r: in marg. η = Book VIII); viii) 150r-179v: Book VIII (in marg. θ = Book IX).

3. (fols 180r-185r)

Andreas Erasmus Seidel, Collation of our MS with the Latin text of Oracula Sibyllina published by Sebastian Castalio, Basel, 1546. Tit. Collatio Codicis Antiqui Graeci| MS. quem in Thessalonice(n)sis| Dioeceseos Monasterio rece|pi a(nn)o 689, Cum Versio|ne Latina Sebastiani Casta|lionis quam edidit a(nn)o 546. (in marg. Rubrica apud Catal. es(t)| Sibyllinorum Oraculo|rum Liber Primus. Casta|lioni servit(i)s profanum. post| illud alia rubric. Ex| libro primo. Aggredior ⟨etc.⟩

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Paper
Extent: v + 186 leaves, + iii at the end foliated as 188–189.
Dimensions (leaf): 220 × 155 mm.


1 × 2 (ii), 1 × 2–1 (as pasted leaf; iii), 1 × 2 (v), 22 × 8 (176), 1 × 4–1 (179), 1 × 7–1 (186), 1 × 4–1 (189).


8 lines per page.


a) fols 1r-179v: Ἀντώνιος Ἐπισκοπόπουλος, RGK I, 24; RGK II, 33; RGK III, 37; Álbum de copistas de manuscritos griegos en España, I, 36, Episcopulus, Antonius (accessed 28 April 2020).

b) fol. iv: b) hand of 16th c.

c) fols v(r)-v(v): hand of 16th c. not to be confused with that of Ἀντώνιος Ἐπισκοπόπουλος

d) fols iiir, 180r-185r: Andreas Erasmus Seidel


fol. 1r: Small head-pieces in red ink in the beginning of the work. Decorative letters, indicating beginning of a new book: fols 1r, 26r, 42r, 93v, 105r, 138r, 140r, 150r.

Additions: :
  • fol. i(v): (in pencil, modern hand) 179 (sup lin 2) (subscr. 7)-188 leaves
  • fol. iiir: pasted leaf with a note written and signed by A. E. Seidel: ‘Hunc librum a(nn)o 1689 in quodam monasterio Dioe|ceseos Thessalonicensis reperi, et ore meo a| Monachis sacris(?) loci in usum Christianorum et| Litteratum usu Dicidentatur videmi. A. E. Seidel’’
  • fol. ivr: Hymns, predominantly troparia from canons which have ended up as pen-trials alongside other texts and sketches: i) des. mut. μετερχόμενος τῆς ἡμῶν παραδόσ(εως),; ii) inc. ⟨Ἐ⟩ν τῶ πελάγει τῶν παθῶν … des. λιμὴν γὰρ εἶ τῶν παθῶν. John of Damascus, Canon to the Mother of God, troparion of the 1st ode, 1st tone, ed. S. Eustratiades, Θεοτοκάριον, Chennevières-sur-Marne, p. 58 (18. 1–6); PAR, 76; iii) inc. Τὴν σὴν ἄχραντε θεογενήτορ διάσωσον λιμ(οῦ). iv) inc. ⟨Σ⟩ὺ εἶ οὐράνιος σκηνῆ (Σὲ τὴν οὐράνιον σκηνήν ed.) … des. ἐδόξασεν εἰς σ(ωτη)ρίαν ἡμῶν (ἐδίδαξεν εἰς σωτηρίαν ἡμῶν μεγαλύνομεν). John of Damascus, ed. S. Eustratiades, p. 58 (18. 13–18); PAR, 76 v) inc. ⟨Σ⟩ὺ εἶ τοῦ γένους τῶν βροτῶν … des. πανύμνητε θεογεννήτορ ἁγνὴ (πανύμνητε Θεογεννήτρια ed.). John of Damascus, ed. S. Eustratiades, p. 58 (18. 19–24; PAR, 76; vi) tit. ωδι γ´ ⟨Σ⟩τερέωσον Κ(ύρι)ε τὴν inc. ⟨Ἐ⟩ν τῶ φωτῖ δέσποινα … des. καὶ τὰ δεινὰ τῶν ἐγκλημάτων διασκέδασον τῆ σῆ πρεσβεία (the phrase :καὶ τὰ δεινὰ … τη σήπ is repeated), John of Damascus, Canon to the Mother of God, troparion of the 3rd ode, 1st tone, ed. S. Eustratiades, p. 58 (18. 25–28), PAR 77. vii) Pen-trials: κύριος ζὼν| Θ(εὸ)ς ὢν εἰρήνης … des. ὅθεν θεογν(ωσίας), Cosmas the Melodist, heirmos of the Christmas Canon, 5th ode, 1st tone, MENR II, 665. Sketch of three animals with horns (two seem to be joined or wrestle with each other, while the other is separate and has larger horns: a) Captions for the pair: δὸν περσὸν| μι· ελίνον | θ. | κριὸς / b) Caption for the third: ἀντίχριστ(ος)| ἐλλίνον| μνήσθητι| τράγος


Holkham binding of blind-tooled dark blue leather, with Coke family ostrich crest in gilt in the centre of the upper cover; Date: early nineteenth century. Rebound by John Jones of Liverpool (worked for Holkham 1816–1823). The spine lettered in gilt: /ORACULA /SIBYLLINA/ GR.–//; in pasted black leather: MS. /HOLKHAM/ Gr. 100


Origin: 16th century

Provenance and Acquisition

Ownership Notes: fol. iii(v): note written by A. E. Seidel, see below. Seidel mentions that he had purchased the MS in 1689 from a certain Monastery in the diocese of Thessalonica. fol. iv(r) right bottom in black ink: signature of Th(oma)s William Coke. fol. 179v: βίβλος τῆς ἱερᾶς μονῆς τῆς θ(εοτό)κου τοῦ γδερνέτου (γελερνέτου Barbour). On the monastery see http://digitalcrete.ims.forth.gr/sites_display.php?id=1720 (accessed 27.4.2020). Catalogue Nrs: Seidel, quarto, no. 86. See Catalogus Librorum Bibliothecae Seidelianae Catalogus librorum bibliothecae Seidelianae: pro parata pecunia divendendorum quorum auctio hic Francofurti ad Viadr. die 23. Febr. 1712, Frankfurt 1712; Bibliotheca Insignis & Numerosa Viri Piè Defuncti, Generosissimi & Doctissimi Dni. Dni. Andr. Erasmi de Seidel ...: Continens Non Solum Libros Manuscriptos Variar. Materiar. & Lingvar. Nempe Germanicae, Latin. ... Sed Etiam Typis Excusos in Aliis, Praeter Jam Dictas, Linguis Materiis, & Gacultaib. Non Postremos, Quorum Aucito Habebitur Die I.Mo & Seqq. Augusti ... Laurentius, 1718, p. 20: ‘ Ein sehr altes Griechisches Buch aus einem Thessalonischen Kloster, handelde von denem Oraculis Sybillinis, de Graecis, de DEO, de Sanctis, de Iudicio, de Impostore Demone Anti-Christo etc’. See also R. Förster, 'Handschriften in Holkham', Philologus 42 (1884) 161. See also S. de Ricci, A handlist of manuscripts in the library of the Earl of Leicester at Holkham Hall: abstracted from the catalogues of William Roscoe and Frederic Madden (Supplement to the Bibliographical Society's Transactions, 7, Oxford, 1932), p. 22: Bought in 1689 in a monastery in the diocese of Thessalonica by A. E. Seidel (his sale, Berlin, 1718, no. 86). However S. de Ricci was unable to see Seidel’s sale catalogue(s). See S. de Ricci, p. xi, esp. fn. 1.

front paste-down (in pencil), fol. i (v): MS. Holkham Gr. 100; Olim Holkham Hall, fol. ii(r): No 264 (sup lin. 6) D2B.2 ( = Libr. of the Earl of Leicester, 266).

Record Sources

Description by Dimitrios Skrekas (2020), with the support of the Leventis Foundation, the Oxford Centre for Byzantine Research, the Yerolemou Trust and the Michael Marks Charitable Trust.


Last Substantive Revision

2020-08-27: New description by D. Skrekas.