A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

MS. Holkham Gr. 6

Summary Catalogue no.: Not in SC (late accession)

Diktyon no.: 48074

Synodica with ecphonetic notation, containing the τόμος τῆς ἑνώσεως of 920, the ὅρος of the councils of Chalcedon, Constantinople II and III, and Nicaea II, and the synodicon of Orthodoxy

Contents

Language(s): Greek

1. (fols 1r-16v)
Horos of the Union of 920

Tit. Ἔκθεσις ἤτοι ἀνάμνη|σις· τῆς γενομένης τῆς ἐκκλησίας ἑ|νώσεως· ἐπὶ κωνσταν|τίνου καὶ ῥωμανοῦ·| τοῦ μὲν βασιλεύοντος· τοῦ δὲ. (τοτηνικαῦτα) τὸτηνι ||καῦτα· τῶ τοῦ βασιλεοπάτορος (βα|σιλεωπάτορος) ἀ|ξιώματι διαπρέποντος+, inc. Ὁ Κ(ύριο)ς ἡμῶν Ἰ(ησοῦ)ς Χ(ριστὸ)ς καὶ Θ(εό)ς … des. μέχρι τῆς συμπληρώσεως τοῦ ἑβδόμου ἔτους. (= Mansi, XVIII, cols 336-341; Rhalles and Potles, Σύνταγμα, V, pp. 4-10; Zachariä von Lingenthal, Jus graeco-romanum, III, pp. 288-233; J. Zepos and P. Zepos, Jus graecoromanum, I, pp. 193-196).

(fols 2r-5v)
(Replacement folios, possibly being written at the time of Nikephoros Moschopoulos.)
(fols 16v-22v)
Commemorations of various Emperors, Augustas and Patriarchs, Anathemas against various heretics

Incomplete, inc. Κωνσταντίνου καὶ Θεοδώρας ... des. πρεσβείαις τῆς δεσποί||⟨νης ἡμῶν⟩; Text in Jenkins–Mango, p. 226

(fols 17v (part)-18r)

blank

2. (fols 23r-46v)
Horos of the Council of Chalcedon

Tit. Ὅρος τῆς ἁγίας καὶ οἰκουμενικῆς ἐν Χαλκηδόνι συνόδου. inc. Ἡ ἁγία μεγάλη καὶ οἰκουμενικὴ σύνοδος, etc.

The title is preceded by rubr. +ἀναγινώ(σκεται) ἡ σύνοδο(ς) αὕτη κ(υριακῇ) τῶν ἀλλα(κτῶν):| μηνὶ ἰουλ(ίῳ) ις´εὰν τύχ(ῃ) ἐν κυ(ριακῇ) ἀναγινώσκεται ἡ σύνοδος αὕτ(η)| εἰ δὲ ἐν β´ ἢ τρίτ(ῃ) ἢ δ´ ἀναγινώ(σκεται) τῆ ὄπισθ(εν) κυ(ριακῇ), εἰ δὲ ἐν ε´ ἢ ς´ ἀνα(γινώσκεται) τῆ ἔμπρ(οσθεν) κυ(ριακῇ).

(fol. 23v-41v)

Horos of the Fifth session with the symbols of Nicaea and Constantinople: inc. Ὁ κύριος ἡμῶν καὶ σωτήρ… des. ἀναθεματίζεσθαι αὐτούς (= Mansi, VII, cols. 108C-117A).

(fols 41v-46v)

The conclusion of the Sixth session; inc. Ὁ θειότατος καὶ εὐσεβέστατος βασιλεύς … des. παρὰ τοῦ θεοῦ δωρήσεσθαι (= Mansi, VII, fol. 169B ff- 172B), including at fols 45r-45v: acclamations of the Emperor Constantine IX and Empress Theodora as well as of the Patriarch Sophronios.

3. (fols 47r-65r)
Horos of of the Council of 536, held in Constantinople against Severus

Tit. Ὅρος τῆς ἁγίας καὶ με|γάλης συνόδου· τῆς| κατὰ τῆν βασιλίδα| συνελθούσης πόλιν·| κατὰ τοῦ δυσσεβοῦς| σευήρου· καὶ τῶν τὰ| ὅμοια αὐτῶ φρονησάν|των αἱρετικῶν;

The title is preceded by rubr. +ἀναγινώ(σκεται) ἡ σύνοδο(ς) αὕτη κ(υριακῇ) τῶν ἀλλα(κτῶν). After an ornamental band: + τὴ δὲ ἐχομέ(νῃ) ἄλλη Κ(υριακῇ) ἀναγινώ(σκεται) ἡ αὐτ(ὴ) σύνοδ(ος).

(fols 47v-64r)

Excerpts from the Fifth Session: inc. Ὁ ἁγιώτατος καὶ μακαριώτατος πατριάρχης/ Μηνᾶς εἶπεν· ἡ συμπαροῦσα ἡμῖν ἁγία σύνοδος ... des. ψυχαῖς ἐνιέντα. (= Mansi, VIII, col. 1135D-1142 D).

(fol. 64r)

Anathemas against Severus and his followers, the Nestorians and the Jacobites.

(fols 64v-65r)

Acclamations of Constantine IX and Theodora as well as of the Patriarch Sophronios.

(fol. 65v)

blank

4. (fols 66r-95v)
Horos of the Sixth Ecumenical council

Tit.: Όρος τῆς ἁγίας καὶ οἰκου|μενικῆς ἐν κωνσταν|τινουπόλει ἕκτης| συνόδου, preceded by rubr. +ἀναγινώ(σκεται) ἡ σύνοδο(ς) αὕτη κ(υριακῇ) μετὰ τὴν ὕψω(σιν); In the margin in red ink too: σύνοδ(ος).

(fols 66r-90r)

inc. Ἡ ἁγία μεγάλη καὶ οἰκουμενικὴ σύνοδος· ἡ κατὰ θ(εο)ῦ χάριν… des. ἀναθεματίζεσθαι αὐτοὺς (= Mansi, XI, cols 632B-640C);

(fols 90v-93r)

inc. Κωνσταντῖνος ὁ εὐσεβέστατος βασιλεὺς εἶπεν… des. ὅλοις τοῖς αἱρετικοῖς ἀνάθεμα (= Mansi, XI, cols 656A-656C);

(fol. 93r)

ὅλοις τοῖς Νεστοριανοῖς ἀνάθεμα γ´. Ὅλοις τοῖς Ἰακωβίτες ἀνάθεμα γ´.

(fols 93r-93v)

inc. τοῖς κηρύξασι καὶ κηρύττουσι… des. ἀνάθεμα (= Mansi, XI, col 656C)

(fols 93v-94r)

Acclamations of Constantine IX and Theodora as well as of the Patriarch Sophronios

(fols 94r-95v)

inc. Κωνσταντῖνος ὁ εὐσεβέστατος βασιλεὺς εἶπεν· εἰ καὶ πάντως… des. καὶ ὑμῶν εὐχαῖς λήψεσθαι (MS: τῆς ὑμῶν ἁγιότητος δέξασθαι) (= Mansi XI, cols 657C-657D)

5a. (fols 96r-121v)
Horos of the Seventh Ecumenical council

Tit. Ὅρος τῆς ἁγίας καὶ οἰκουμενικῆς ἐν Νικαίᾳ συνόδου τὸ δεύτερον; to be read during Sundays in or before/after October 11th, preceded by rubr. +ἀναγινώ(σκεται) ἡ σύνοδο(ς) αὕτη μηνὶ ὀκτ(ωβρίῳ) ια´: τῇ ια´ τοῦ ὀκτ(ωβρίου) μην(ὸς) εὰν τύχ(ῃ) ἐν κυ(ριακῇ) ἀναγινώ(σκεται) ἡ σύνοδ(ος).| εἰ δὲ ἐν β´ ἢ γ´ ἢ δ´ ἀναγινώ(σκεται) τῆ ὄπισθ(εν) κυ(ριακῇ), εἰ δὲ ἐν ε´ ἢ ς´ ἢ σα(ββάτῳ) ἀνα(γινώσκεται) τῆ ἔμπρ(οσθεν), with Σύνοδος in red in the margin.

inc. Ἡ ἁγία μεγάλη καὶ οἰκουμενικὴ σύνοδος… des. ἔγγραφόν τε ἢ ἄγραφον ἀθετεῖ, ἀνάθεμα (= Mansi, XIII, cols 373D-400C, with textual variants and insertions, with inserted acclamations of Constantine VI and Irene, a commemoration of the Patriarch Germanos and anathemas against the Nestorians and Jacobites; see Jenkins-Mango, p. 227.)

fol. 121v Acclamations of Constantine IX and Theodora, inc. Κωνσταντίνου καὶ Θεοδὠρας τῶν ὀρθοδόξων ἡμῶν βασιλέων, .... des. τὸ κράτος αὐτῶν

6. (fols 122r-127v)

inserted paper of 15th c., extracted from another MS:

(fol. 122r)
Gregory Palamas, Hom. 49

On St Dimitrios, 22.3 to the end.

(fols 122v-127r)

Condemnation of Barlaam and Akindynos, different in various aspects from the one published by Uspenskij; see Jenkins-Mango, pp. 227-228. Tit. Βαρλαὰμ καὶ Ἀκινδύνος ...inc. Τοὶς φρονοῦσι καὶ λέγουσι ... des. Καὶ λόγοις καὶ πράγμασιν, αἰωνία ἡ μνήμη.

(fol. 125r)

another hand has added commemorations of John V Palaiologos and John VI Kantakuzenos; See Jenkins-Mango, p. 228.

(fol. 127r)

another hand has added after the text a commemoration of Isidore of Thessaloniki.

(fol. 127v)

blank.

5b. (fols 128r-129r)

The text continues from 121v with Commemoration of the Patriarch Sophronios, as well as of the deceased emperors from Basil I to Michael IV, and the dead deceased empresses from Eudocia to Zoe.

(fols 129r (part)-129v)

blank

fols 130r-131v; Commemorations of the Patriarchs of Antioch (from Christopher to Basil), of Constantinople (from Germanos to Alexios), as well as of Theodore the Studite.

(fols 131r-131v)

the conclusion inc. ὧν ταῖς διαλογαῖς, … des. τῶν θεοειδῶν άγγέλων καὶ τῶν ἁγίων ἀμὴν (= Mansi, XIII, col. 400D).

7. (fols 132r-160v)
Horos of the Sunday of Orthodoxy

, +ἀναγινώ(σκεται) ἡ σύνοδο(ς) αὕτ(η) Κυριακ(ῇ) τῆς ὀρθ(ο)δοξίας, tit. Ἐποφειλομένη πρὸς Θεὸν ἐτήσιος εὐχαριστία (= Montfaucon, 96-102, Uspenskij, 1 ff. Gouillard, 45 ff.)

(fol. 148v)

commemorations added of Chrysostom, Gregory and Basil.

(fol. 159v)

des. Ὅλοις τοῖς αἱρετικοῖς ἀνάθεμα· γ´. Ὅλοις τοῖς Νεστοριανοῖς ἀνάθεμα. Ὅλοις τοῖς Ἰακωβίταις ἀνάθεμα. (The last two have been crossed out by a possibly later hand). Τῷ φρυαξαμένῳ συνεδρίῳ κατὰ τῶν σεπτῶν εἰκόνων ἀνάθεμα. The original MS ended at this point.

In the lower margin, written by a later hand: Τῷ δεχομένῳ τὰ δυσσεβῆ τῆς αἱρέσεως αὐτῶν λογίδρια ἀνάθεμα. γ´(= Mansi, XIII, col. 400A).

8. (fols 160r-160v)

Continuation of the condemnations, written by the same hand as on fols 2-5: inc. τοῖς ἐκλαμβάνουσι… des. καὶ τὴν χριστιανῶν ἐνυβρίζουσι πίστιν, ἀνάθεμα (= Uspenskij, 39).

fol. 160r (lower margin, added by another hand): τοῖς μὴ ἀσπαζομένοις τὰς ἁγίας καὶ σεπτὰς εἰκόνας ἀνάθεμα.

fol. 160v (left and lower margin): some anathemas from the Acts of the Seventh Council, written by a later hand: (Θε)οδοσίῳ τῷ ψευδονύμῳ ἐπι(σκόπ)ῳ Ἐφέσου, ἀνάθεμα α´. (Σισιν)νίῳ τῷ ἐπίκλην Παστιλᾷ (ἀν)άθ(εμα) α´. (Βα)σιλείῳ τῷ κακεμφάτῳ (Τρικ)ακάβῳ ἀνάθεμα α´. (Ἀν)αστασίῳ, Κωνσταντίνῳ καὶ Νικήτᾳ τοῖς κατὰ διαδοχὴν τοῦ θρόνου τῆς Κωνσταντινουπόλεως προεδρεύουσιν, ὡς νέῳ Ἀρείῳ, (Νε)στορίῳ καὶ Διοσκόρῳ ἀνάθεμα γ´. Ἡ ἁγία Τριὰς τῶν τριῶν τὸ δόγμα καθεῖλεν. (=Mansi XIII, col. 400 A-B; Lamberz, 854).

9. (fols 161r-169v)

Continuation of the Synodicon, written in a smaller fourteenth-century hand, with many insertions; inc. Γεροντίῳ τῷ ἐκ Λάμπης… des. ἢ ἀγνόημα πλημμελησάντων, ἀνάθεμα (= Uspenskij, 14-16).

fol. 161r (upper margin): Ἰωάννῃ Νικομηδείας καὶ Κωνσταντίνῳ Νακολείας τοῖς αἱρεσιάρχαις, ἀνάθεμα. Προσέτι τοῖς ζηλώσασι καὶ μιμησαμένοις τὴν τριφυᾶ κακίαν τῶν εἰρημένων αἱρεσιαρχῶν προέδρων, ἀνάθεμα γ´. Εἴ τις Χριστὸν τὸν Θεὸν περιγραπτὸν οὐχ ὁμολογεῖ κατὰ τὸ ἀνθρώπινον, ἀνάθεμα γ´.

right margin: Εἴ τις πᾶσαν παράδοσιν ἐκκλησιαστικὴν ἔγγραφ(ον) ἢ ἄγραφον ἀθ(ετεῖ), ἀνάθεμα. (cf. Mansi XIII, col. 400 C; Uspenskij, 39).

middle right margin, same hand as above, almost faint: κεφάλ(αια) ⟨.⟩ἱεροῦ ἰωά(ννου)

(fols 162r-162v)

the main text continues with the two anathemas against Eustratios and Leo of Chalcedon (cf. Uspenskij, 21): inc. Τοῖς λέγουσιν ἢ φρονοῦσι προσκυνεῖν τοῦ Χριστοῦ des. καὶ λατρεύοντα δουλικῶς, ἀνάθεμα.

(fols 162v-164v)

inc. Τὰ εἰσαχθέντα καὶ λαληθέντα… des. ἐφευρεταῖς, ἀνάθεμα. (= Uspenskij, 22-24.

(fol. 164v)

inc. Τοῖς μὴ πίστει καθαρᾷ… des. γνώμην συνιστᾶν, ἀνάθεμα α´. (= Uspenskij, 16).

(fols 165r-165v)

commemorations of various emperors, Augustas and Patriarchs, inc. Βασιλείου, Κωνσταντίνου… des. οἰκουμενικῶν πατριαρχῶν, αἰωνία ἡ μνήμη γ´. (= Jenkins-Mango, p. 229).

(fols 166r-167v)

continuation of the text of the Synodicon, inc. Τοῖς τὰ ἑλληνικά… des. τῶν ὀρθοδόξων πίστει ἐναντίοις, ἀνάθεμα γ´.

(fols 167v-169r)

mainly insertions of a 14th century hand.

(fol. 167v)

inc. Τοῖς τὸ πρόσλημμα… des. ἀνάθεμα α´ (= Jenkins-Mango, p. 229).

fol. 167v (the same hand, almost erased now): Πολλὰ τὰ ἔτη τῶν βασιλέων, Ἀνδρονίκου ⟨…⟩ (i. e. Andronikos II, see Jenkins-Mango, p. 229).

fol. 167v (below, in a different hand): inc. Ἄννης τῆς εὐσεβεστάτης… des. αἰωνία ἡ μνήμη. (= Jenkins-Mango, p. 229).

(fol. 167v)

inc. Ἅπαντα τὰ παρὰ τὴν ἐκκλησιαστικήν… des. πραχθησόμενα, ἀνάθεμα α´. (= Uspenskij, 10)

inc. Μιχαὴλ τοῦ ὀρθοδόξου… des. αἰωνία ἡ μνήμη γ´. (= Jenkins-Mango, p. 230).

fol. 168r (upper margin, later entries): inc. Ἰωάννου τοῦ ὀρθοδοξοτάτου… des. αἰωνία ἡ μνήμη. (= Jenkins-Mango, p. 230).

Main text with lists of emperors, Augustas, patriarchs, bishops:

inc. Κωνσταντίνου, Βασιλείου… des. ἐπιγείου ἀλλαξαμένων, αἰωνία ἡ μνήμη α´. (= Jenkins-Mango, p. 230).

Another hand added: inc. Ἀνδρονίκου τοῦ ὀρθοδοξοτάτου… des. αἰωνία ἡ μνήμη γ´. (= Jenkins-Mango, p. 230).

Main text: inc. Μιχαὴλ τοῦ ὀρθοδοξοτάτου… des. αἰωνία ἡ μνήμη γ´. (= Jenkins-Mango, p. 230).

List of Augustas: inc. Ἑλένης, Εὐδοκίας, Θεοφανοῦς… des. αἰωνία ἡ μνήμη α´. (= Jenkins-Mango, p. 230).

Another list of Augustas: inc. Θεοδώρας τῆς εὐσεβεστάτης… des. αἰωνία ἡ μνήμη γ´(= Jenkins-Mango, p. 230).

inc. Εἰρήνης τῆς εὐσεβεστάτης… des. εὐσεβεστάτης αὐγούστης ⟨…⟩

Patriarchal commemorations: inc. Γερμανοῦ, Ταρασίου… des. αἰωνία ἡ μνήμη γ´ (= Jenkins-Mango, p. 230).

Another hand added, lower margin, inc. Μαρίας τῆς εὐσεβεστάτης… des. αἰωνία ἡ μνήμη ⟨γ´⟩

fol. 168v (insertion, upper margin): Γρηγορίου τοῦ μακαριωτάτου μητροπολίτου Λακεδαιμονίας, αἰωνία ἡ μνήμη γ´.

Patriarchal list: inc. Ἰγνατίου, Φωτίου… des. αἰωνία ἡ μνήμη γ´ (= Jenkins-Mango, p. 230).

Additional commemorations: inc. Ἀρσενίου τοῦ ἁγιωτάτου… des. αἰωνία ἡ μνήμη γ´ (= Jenkins-Mango, p. 230).

Another hand, in faint ink: (Ἰσ)ιδώρου τοῦ ἁγιωτάτου καὶ οἰκουμενικοῦ πατριάρχου αἰωνία (ἡ μνήμη γ´).

Further notes in left margin, almost illegible.

List of Bishops of Lacedaemonia: inc. Ἰωάννου, Πυθανοῦ… des. αἰωνία ἡ μνήμη γ´ (= Jenkins-Mango, p. 230).

In the same hand: inc. Νικηφόρου τοῦ ἁγιωτάτου… des. αἰωνία ἡ μνήμη γ´ (= Jenkins-Mango, p. 230).

Another hand, lower margin, in extremely faint link: inc. Ἀνθίμου τοῦ ἁγιωτάτου… des. αἰωνία ἡ μνήμη γ´ (= Jenkins-Mango, pp. 230-231).

Another addition, now fragmentary, due to tearing off the fol.: ⟨…⟩ γ΄ ⟨…⟩ονίας ⟨…⟩ γ΄.

fol. 169r Acclamations and benedictions; inc. Πολλὰ τὰ ἔτη τῶν βασιλέων… des. καὶ πάντων αὐτοῦ τῶν ἁγίων, ἀμην. (=Uspenskij, 40). Part of the benediction is copied from fol. 170.

(fol. 169v)

fragment of salutation.

fol. 170r-v (from original eleventh-century codex): Benediction; Inc. (παιδα)γωγεῖσθαι τε καὶ κρατύνεσθαι ... des. ἁγίων γένοιτο ἀμήν. (=Uspenskij, 40).

(fol. 170v)

the colophon; (μν)ήσθητι Κύριε τοῦ δούλου/(σου) Θεοφυλάκτου ἀνα-/(ξί)ου κουβουκλεισίου καὶ δομεστίκου/(εὐ)αγοῦς πατριαρχικοῦ/(σεκ)ρέτου Ἀντιοχείας καὶ χάρισαι/(αὐ)τῷ ὑγίαν καὶ ἄφεσιν ἁμαρτιῶν.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment, with paper at fols 122-127.
Extent: Foliation: iv+ 173 leaves, parchment apart from paper at fols 122-127, taken from another MS. This MS consisted of an 11th-cent. core with late 13th-century parchment restorations made when it was presented to the cathedral at Mistra, and many subsequent annotations. The paper quire represents a later phase of updating.
Dimensions (leaf): 220 × 160 mm.

Collation

Some gathering marks visible, despite trimming (e.g. 31 Ϛ, 82 ιtrimmed,90 ιε, 106 1ζ, 114 ι?, 136 κα, 144 κβ, 152 κγ). Page edges have been gilded. (ΝΒ word break at 22v comes on last fol. of gathering). Stub before 65r. Jenkins-Mango, p. 232 propose that two gatherings are missing, one at fol. 22v and the other between fols. 46 and 47 or 54 and 55. The gathering marks are likely to have been added in the fifteenth century.

Layout

Ruling: 12 lines per page.

Hand(s)

Scribe(s): Θεοφύλακτος, (1050/1052): fols 1r-v; 6-121v; 128-159v; 170; Νικηφόρος Μοσχόπουλος (14th ce.): fols IVv; 2-5v; 160-169v.

Decoration

fol. 1r: decorated headpiece in red with text in uncial, being erased almost entirely.

Additions: Many annotations to update lists of emperors and patriarchs, noted in main description

Binding

Holkham binding of brown stamped leather with Coke family ostrich crest in gilt in the centre of the upper cover; Date: early nineteenth century. Rebound by John Jones of Liverpool (worked for Holkham 1816-1823). The spine lettered in gilt: / ECCLESIARUM/ GRÆCARUM/ SYNODI.// MS. GR.–// SEC. XI. / in pasted black leather(?): MS. /HOLKHAM/ Gr. 6 /

History

Origin: 11th c. (1050-1055), refurbished also at the time of M. Moschopoulos (14th c.) ; Byzantine Empire, Antioch or Jerusalem

Provenance and Acquisition

fol. ivv: ex-libris of Nikephoros Moschopoulos, ‘in an archaizing hand’ (Jenkins-Mango, p. 225): + τὸ παρὸν συνοδικὸν βιβλίον. ἀφιερώθη| καὶ ἀνετέθη παρ᾽ ἐμοῦ τοῦ ταπεινοῦ| χρηματίσαντος μ(ητ)ροπολΐτου Κρήτης νικηφόρου, τῇ ἁγιωτάτῃ| μ(ητ)ροπόλει λακεδαιμονίας. ἐν τῶ| παρ’ ἐμοῦ δομηθέντι ναῷ, τοῦ ἁγίου| ἐνδόξου μεγαλομάρτυρος καὶ θαυ|ματουργοῦ δημητρίου· Εἴτις δὲ| βουληθῆ ἀποσπάσαι αὐτὸ τῆς| τοιαύτης ἁγϊωτάτης τοῦ θ(εο)ῦ ἐκκλησΐας| ἢ τὰ παρόντα ἀπαλεῖψαι καὶ ἀφανίσθαι| γράμματα; ἵνα ἐπισπᾶται τὰς ἀρὰς| τῶν ἁγίων καὶ θεοφόρων π(ατέ)ρων τῶν ἐν νϊκαίᾳ, καὶ ἐμοῦ τοῦ ἁμαρτωλοῦ:| ὀφείλουσιν δὲ οἱ κληρικοὶ τῆς τοιαύτης ἁγϊωτάτης| ἐκκλησίας, μνημονεύειν ἐν τῶ ἀναγινώ|σκεσθαι τῆ κυριακῆ τῆς ὀρθοδοξίας τῆς| ἡμῶν ταπεινότητος +.

Olim Holkham Hall, 172

Record Sources

Description by Dimitrios Skrekas (September 2017)

Bibliography