A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

MS. Holkham Gr. 64

Summary Catalogue no.: Not in SC (late accession)

Diktyon no.: 48132

Theophylact of Bulgaria, Commentary on the Four Gospels, Aland 684 ek.


Language(s): Greek

Theophylact of Bulgaria, Commentary on the Gospels
1. (fols iiir-65r)

Commentary on Matthew:

i) fol. iiir: Capitula Matthaei, a later hand (16 th-17th c.?) noted above the text in black ink: Τὰ τοιαῦτα κεφάλαια οὐ συμφωνοῦσι μετὰ τῶν κεφαλαίων τοῦ τόμου. cf. ed. H. von Soden, Die Schriften des Neuen Testaments in ihrer ältesten erreichbaren Textgestalt auf Grund ihrer Textgeschichte, Band I.1: Die Textzeugen, Berlin, 1902, pp. 405–407;

ii) fols 1r-1v: Praefatio, PG 123, 144–147C;

iii) fol. 1v: Prologus in Matthaeum, ed. H. von Soden, p. 314, nr. 120, ed. Nicetas Seides, Conspectus librorum sacrorum, 23, cf. ed. P. Simotas, Νικήτα Σεΐδου, Σύνοψις τῆς Ἁγίας Γραφῆς κατὰ τὸν ὑπ ἀριθ. 483 κώδικα τῆς Ἐθνικῆς Βιβλιοθήκης τῆς Ἑλλάδος. Εἰσαγωγή - Κείμενον – Σχόλια, Thessalonica, 1984, p. 272. 7–20;

iv) fols 1v-65r: Enarratio in Evangelium S. Matthei, PG 123, 143–487;

v) fol. 65r (in red crimson ink after the last line): + Πρῶτος Ματθαῖος συνεγράψατο τὸ αὐτὸ εὐαγγέλιον· μετὰ ἔτη ὀκτὼ τῆς τοῦ Χ(ριστ)οῦ ἀναλήψ(εω)ς.

2. (fols 66r-100v)

Commentary on Mark:

i) fol. 66r: Capitula Marci, cf. ed. H. von Soden, pp. 407–409;

ii) fol. 66r: book epigram related to Mark: inc. Πέτρου μυηθεὶς … des. ἐν θεογράφοις, see http://www.dbbe.ugent.be/typ/128, ed. A. Rhoby, Ausgewählte Byzantinische Epigramme in Illuminierten Handschriften, Byzantinische Epigramme in Inschriftlicher Überlieferung, 4, Vienna, 2018, pp. 498–499;

iii) fol. 67r: Praefatio, PG 123, 492–493;

iv) fols 67r-67v: Prologus in Marcum, ed. Von Soden, p. 314–315, nr 120, Nicetas Seides, Conspectus librorum sacrorum, cp. 23, cf. ed. Simotas, p. 273. 1–12;

v) fols 67v-100v: Enarratio in Evangelium S. Marci, PG 123, 493–683;

vi) fol. 100v (in red crimson ink, after the last line): + Εὐαγγέλιον τὸ κατὰ Μάρκον ἐξεδόθη μετὰ ἔτη δέκα τῆς τοῦ Χ(ριστ)οῦ ἀναλήψ(εω)ς./ ἀπὸ στόματος ἐκδιδαχθεὶς τοῦ Πέτρου: εἰσὶν στίχ(οι)ιαχ΄.

3. ( fols 101v-194v)

Commentary on Luke:

i) fol. 101v: Capitula Lucae, cf. ed. H. von Soden, pp. 409–411;

ii) fol. 101v (in red crimson ink): book epigram related to Luke: inc. + Τρίτος δὲ Λουκᾶς … des. τεχνικὸν παιδοτρίβην, see http://www.dbbe.ugent.be/type/view/id/207/, ed. Rhoby, Ausgewählte Byzantinische Epigramme, pp. 499–501;

iii) fols 102r-194v: Enarratio in Evangelium S. Lucae, PG 123, 683–1127.

iv) fol. 194v: (in red crimson ink, after the last line): + Εὐαγγέλιον τὸ κατὰ Λουκᾶν· ἐξεδόθη μετὰ ἔτη δεκαπέντε τῆς τοῦ Χ(ριστ)οῦ ἀναλήψ(εω)ς./ Εἰσὶν στίχ(οι) ιβω.

4. (fols 195r-300r)

Commentary on John:

i) Capitula Johannis, cf. ed. H. von Soden, p. 411;

ii) fol. 195r: book epigram related to John: inc. Βροντῆς τὸν ὑιὸν … des. καὶ παθητὸν σαρκίῳ. See http://www.dbbe.ugent.be/type/view/id/18/, ed. Rhoby, Ausgewählte Byzantinische Epigramme, pp. 501–502;

iii) fols 196r-300r: Enarratio in Evangelium S. Joannis, PG 123, 1133–1348, PG 124, 10–317, but the end corresponds with ed. Bertella Θεοφυλάκτου Ἀρχιεπισκόπου Βουλγαρίας Ἅπαντα, Opera omnia, sive quae hactenus edita sunt, sive quae nondum lucem viderunt, cum praevia dissertatione de ipsius Theophylacti gestis et scriptis, ac doctrina vol. 3, Venice, 1783, pp. 586–588.

iv) fol. 300v: (in red crimson ink): + Εὐαγγέλιον κατὰ Ἰω(άννην) Στίχ(οι) βτ ἐγρ(ά)φ(η) μετὰ ἔτη λ΄ τ(ῆ)ς τοῦ Χ(ριστ)οῦ ἀναλήψε(ω)ς.

Fols. iii(v), 66v, 101r, 195v blank.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment (except for fols i, ii, 301, 302, v)
Extent: iii + 302 leaves
Dimensions (leaf): 290 × 205 mm.


I (iii) 24 × 8 (192) 9 (8 + 1, fol. 195 is a single leaf: 201) 12 × 8 (297) 3 (4–1) x 1 (300)


Lake I, 40 c, 42 lines per page


Γρηγόριος (Μοναχός), October 1228, RGK I, 85. fol. 300v (in red crimson ink): + ἐγράφη ἡ παροῦσα θεόπνευστο(ς) βίβλο(ς) χειρὶ τοῦ ταπεινοῦ (μον)αχ(οῦ) Γρηγ(ο)ρ(ίου)/ μη(νὶ) ὀκτωβρίω ἰν(δικτιῶνος) β´ τοῦ ςψλζ´ἔτους. The same scribe has recently been identified also in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, The Library Company of Philadelphia MS 2 2224. Q, by N. Kavrus-Hoffmann, ‘Catalogue of Greek Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Collections of the United States of America. Part VIII: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, The Library Company of Philadelphia’, Manuscripta, 58, 2014, p. 56 and p. 59. Cf. also N. Kavrus-Hoffmann, ‘Discovering Hidden Treasures: Cataloguing Greek Manuscripts in the Collection of the United States of America’, in P. Degni, P. Eleuteri and M. Maniaci (eds), Greek Manuscript Cataloguing. Past, Present and Future, Bibliologia 48, Turnhout, Brepols, 2018, pp. 75–84 (p. 81, fn. 16) for Michigan MS 8 whose script is ‘very similar’ with that of MS Holkham Gr. 64.


Various decorated head-pieces in crimson ink before each section (smaller before the capitula and larger more elaborated before the commentary): fols iiir, 1r (with the sign a cross surrounded by the abbreviation 'ΙΣ ΧΣ NI KA'), 66r, 67r, 102r, 195r, 196r.


Extensively annotated by J. Morezenos throughout the text.

fol. 300v (another later hand in grey ink): ἄνδρες ἀρκαδινοῖς ἀλνεἴ(π)τορες (=ἀντιλήπτορες?)· ἢ ρέχομεν (=παρέχομεν?) τὶ; the same hand copied part of the colophon as follows: ἐγράφη ἡ παροῦσα θεόπνευστος βίβλος χειρὶ τοῦ τα


Typical Holkham binding of brown leather, with Coke family ostrich crest in gilt in the centre of the upper cover; Date: early nineteenth century. Rebound by John Jones of Liverpool (worked for Holkham 1816–1823). The spine lettered in gilt: //THEOPHILACTI/ ARCHIEPISCOPI/ACHRIDIS/OPERA// GR.–//M.S./ SÆC. XIII./in pasted black leather: MS. /HOLKHAM/ Gr. 64/


Origin: 1228 ; Constantinople (?)

Provenance and Acquisition

Date: not 1229 (as shown by Hutter, p. 84). See also A. Turyn, Dated greek Manuscripts of the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries in the Libraries of Great Britain, Dumbarton Oaks Studies 17, Washington, DC, Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, 1980, pp. 11–13. Localization: see Hutter, p. 84.

Old Catalogue Nrs: 1st paste down in its verso (in the centre, in pencil): MS. Holkham Gr. 64; fol. i(r), in pencil: Holk. Cat. No 110 104 D6A3; fol. iiir (right margin): handwritten note in brown ink by B. de Montfaucon: 1698· Codex num 11. Theophylacti in Evangelia/ Scriptus anno Christi 1229. (top right in grey ink) ΛΒον=Morezenos 32, Giustiniani 11; Olim Holkham Hall, Libr. of the Earl of Leicester, 104 ; cat. Aland 684 ek.

Record Sources

Description by Dimitrios Skrekas (2019), with the support of the Leventis Foundation, the Oxford Centre for Byzantine Research, the Yerolemou Trust and the Michael Marks Charitable Trust.

Digital Images

New Testament Virtual Manuscript Room (digitized microfilm)


Last Substantive Revision

2019-10-08: New description by Skrekas.