A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

MS. Holkham Gr. 73

Summary Catalogue no.: Not in SC (late accession)

Diktyon no.: 48141

George Pachymeres, Philosophia; 16th century, second half


Language(s): Greek

George Pachymeres, Philosophia
1. (fols 1r-4v)

Prooimion on Philosophia and Table of Contents, tit. ^Γεωργίου τοῦ παχυμέρους^ Προοίμιον τοῦ συγγραφέως, καὶ πίναξ τοῦ παρόντος βιβλίου.

2. (fols 5r-211v)

Philosophia. Titles, incipits and desinits are given only in the unpublished books.

2.i. (fols 5r-23v)

Book 2, Physica, tit. Βιβλίον βον ἡ φυσικὴ ἀκρόασις. Τίτλος αος´. Κε(φάλαι)ον αον´, inc. Σκοπὸς τοῦ βιβλίου τούτου ζητῆσαι περὶ τ(ῆς) ἀρχ(ῆς) τ(ῶν) ὄντων … des. γενήσε(ται) δέ, καὶ τοῦτο εἶναι κ(α)τ(ὰ) συμβεβηκός.

2.ii. (fols 23v-39v)

Book 3, De caelo, ed. I. Telelis, Georgios Pachymeres Philosophia. Book 3 In Aristotelis De Caelo Commentary, Athens, 2016, pp. 1–84.

2.iii. (fols 39v-48v)

Book 4, De generatione et corruptione, tit. βιβλίον δ´Τὸ περὶ γενέσε(ως) καὶ φθορᾶς. περὶ τῶν φύσει γινομ(ένων) καὶ φθειρομ(ένων). Τίτλος αος´. Κεφ(άλαιον) αον, inc. Πολλὺς παρὰ τοῖς φιλοσόφοις … des. καὶ ἄλλ(ως) τὸ ὀστοῦν καὶ ἄλλ(ως) ἡ σὰρξ ἢ ὁ μυελὸς ξηρά.

2.iv. (fols 48v-69v)

Book 5, Meteorologica, ed. I. Telelis, Georgios Pachymeres Philosophia. Book 5 Commentary in Aristotle’s Meteorologica, Athens, 2012, pp. 1–76.

2.v. (fols 69v-82r)

Book 6, De partibus animalium, ed. E. Pappa, Georgios Pachymeres Philosophia. Buch 6: Kommentar zu de Partibus Animalium des Aristoteles, Athens, 2008, pp. 1–48.

2.vi. (fols 82r-108v)

Book 7, De anima, tit. Βυβλίον ἕβδομον, τὸ περὶ ψυχῆς. Τίτλος αος´. Κε(φάλαιον) αον. Δόξαι τῶν παλαι(ῶν) περὶ ψυχῆς. inc. Τούτων δὲ διωρισμ(ένων), σκεπτέον ἂν εἴη καὶ περὶ ψυχ(ῆς) … des. κ(α)τ(ὰ) τὴν θαυμαστικὴν καὶ ἄρρητ(ον) οἰκονομίαν τῆς φύσεως.

2.vi. (fols 108v-125v)

Book 8, De sensu et sensibilibus

2.viii. (fols 125v-137v)

Book 9, De generatione animalium

2.ix. (fols 137v-161r)

Book 10, Metaphysica; fols 152a and 152b with notes and diagrams mainly by J. Morezenos, esp. fol. 152a, ed. E. Pappa, Georgios Pachymeres, Philosophia, Buch 10: Kommentar zur Metaphysik des Aristoteles, Athens, 2002, pp. 1–84.

2.x. (fols 161r-189v)

Book 11, Ethica Nicomachea, ed. K. Oikonomakos, Γεώργιος Παχυμέρης Φιλοσοφία, Βιβλίον Ἑνδέκατον. Τὰ Ἠθικά, ἤτοι τὰ Νικομάχεια, Athens, 2005, pp. 1–100.

2.xi. (fols 189v-211v)

Book 12, De coloribus, De lineis insecabilibus, Mechanica (as one book in the MS). Tit. Τίτλος αος´ κε(φάλαιον) αον. Περὶ τῶν ἁπλῶν χρωμάτων. inc. Ἁπλᾶ τῶν χρωμάτων ἐστὶν, ὅσα τοῖς στοιχείοις … des. ἅπαντα ἀνάγκη δὲ τοῦτο δὴ ἀθροίζεσθαι.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Paper
Extent: iii + 212 leaves (fols 152a and 152b are pasted in) + ii (foliated as 212–213)
Dimensions (leaf): 200 × 145 mm.


32 lines per page.


Μάξιμος Μαργούνιος, See RGK I, 259; RGK II, 356; RGK III, 427, fols 1r-151v, 153–211.


Small decorative headpiece in the beginning fol. 1r.


fol. iii(r): various notes on philosophy: δυνάμει καθ᾽ ἐπιστήμην, ἐνεργίᾳ κατὰ τὸ θεωρεῖν (?)/ mesum angeli dissemum efficie D. T.

fol. 5: (sup lin in red ink): ἱστέον ὅτι τῆς λογικῆς ἑκόντες εἶναι παρίεμεν διὰ τὸ ἐν τύποις ταῦτα κεκτῆσθαι.

fol. 70r: 1635 α νοεμ;

fol. 211v: ἕως ὧδε ἐν τῷ πρωτοτύπῳ


Typical Holkham binding of brown leather, with Coke family ostrich crest in gilt in the centre of the upper cover; Date: early nineteenth century. Rebound by John Jones of Liverpool (worked for Holkham 1816–1823. The spine lettered in gilt: / GEORGII PACHYMERI PHILOSOPHICA GR. M.S. SÆC. XV./ in pasted black leather: MS. /HOLKHAM/ Gr. 73/


Origin: 16th century, second half

Provenance and Acquisition

Margounios mentions (fol. 5r, see below in marginalia) that he skipped the 1st book since it had already been published. This locates the date of the copying of the MS sometime possibly between 1548 and 1602. 1548 is the year of the edition of Γεωργίου διακόνου, πρωτεκδίκου καὶ δικαιοφύλακος τοῦ Παχυμέρους, Ἑπιτομὴ τῆς Ἀριστοτέλους Λογικῆς, Paris 1548, so it is a terminus post quem and 1602 is a terminus ante quem, as death year of the copyist of the MS, Maximos Margounios. 1602 is also the year of another publication: Γεωργίου τοῦ Παχυμέρους, Σύνοψις εἰς ἅπασαν τὴν λογικὴν πραγματείαν, Augustae Vindel, 1602. See also E. Pappa, ‘Die Kommentare des Georgios Pachymeres zum Organon’ in I. Vassis, G. S. Henrich and D. R. Reinsch, eds, Lesarten Festschrift für Athanasios Kambylis zum 70. Geburtstag Dargebracht von Schülern, Kollegen und Freunden, Berlin, 1998, 202 and E. Pappa (ed.), Georgios Pachymeres. Philosophia. Buch 10. Kommentar zur Metaphysik des Aristoteles. Editio princeps, Corpus philosophorum medii aevi. Commentaria in Aristotelem Byzantina 2, Athens 2002, p. 84*

: Ownership Notes: 1st paste down on the verso (in the centre, in pencil): MS. Holkham Gr. 73; fol. ir: (in pencil); Holk Cat. No. 120 106 (subscr. 109 110) D2 A.9 ; Old Catalogue Nrs: Olim Holkham Hall, Libr. of the Earl of Leicester, 110 fol. iii(r) (at the top): ἐκ τ(ῶν) Ἰω(άνν)ου τοῦ μορ(ε)ζήνου (sec manu: τάχα καὶ θύτου) (tert. manu: 1635); (top right in grey ink) ΜΔ ον: = Morezenos 44; (top, right) handwritten note in brown ink by B. de Montfaucon: 1698· Codex/ num 39· Geor./gii Pachymeri/ Philosophica/ annorum/ circiter 200. (= Giustiniani 39).

Record Sources

Description by Dimitrios Skrekas (2019), with the support of the Leventis Foundation, the Oxford Centre for Byzantine Research, the Yerolemou Trust and the Michael Marks Charitable Trust.


Last Substantive Revision

2020-02-03: New description by Dimitris Skrekas.