A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

MS. Holkham Gr. 81

Summary Catalogue no.: Not in SC (late accession)

Diktyon no.: Diktyon Nr.: Diktyon Nr: 48149

Various works, especially by Pachomios Rhussanos and Makarios Chrysokephalos and others

Physical Description

Two text blocks: fols 1–135 (with initial foliation) and fols 136–320 (with scribe’s, Margounios, foliation as fol. 1–184 which starts from current fol. 137 onwards.
Form: codex
Support: paper. Watermarks: fol. 52: cf. part of Ancre as in Halfinger and Harlfinger 57, d. 1556.
Extent: iv + 320 leaves + ii at the end paginated as 321–322.
Dimensions (leaf): 205 × 145 mm.

Collation

1 × 2 (iv), 3 × 8 (24), 1 × 7 (31), 1 × 9 (40), 11 × 8 (128), 1 × 7 (135), 11 × 16 (311), 1 × 9 (320) 1 × 2 (322). Mostly with linking words at the end of each quire, and later numbering (in pencil) on the left margin of each quaternion, in total 29 such numberings.

Layout

23 lines per page.

Additions: fol. iiir: Concordia vel passion cum/ ἠ ὁμόνοια τοῦ μορζῆ αὐξάνετ(αι); fol. 320v (at the bottom): later note in pencil almost eligible now.

Binding

Typical Holkham binding of brown leather, with Coke family ostrich crest in gilt in the centre of the upper cover; Date: early nineteenth century. Rebound possibly by John Jones of Liverpool (worked for Holkham 1816–1823. The spine lettered in gilt: / PACHOMII/ ET/ ALIORUM/OPERA// //M.S./ SÆC. XV./ ; in pasted black leather: MS. /HOLKHAM/ Gr. 81/

History

Provenance and Acquisition

Ownership Notes: fol. iiir (at the top): Ἐκ τῶν Ἰωάννου Ἱερέος τοῦ μορ(ε)ζήνου; fol. 1r, handwritten note in grey ink by B. de Montfaucon: 1698· Codex 54. Pachomii de comparatione/ orthodoxe fidei cum Saracenica, et/ contra Latinos. Item Macarii Chrysso-/cephalic in novem ordines Angelorum/ et in Michaelem/ codex 200. circ./ annorum.

Old Catalogue Nrs: fol. ir: (in pencil); Holk Cat. No. 105 119 Dia13; fol. 1r (at the bottom), in brown ink): ΟΑ ον =Morezenos 71, Giustiniani 54; Olim Holkham Hall, Libr. of the Earl of Leicester, 119.

MS. Holkham Gr. 81 – Part 1 (fols. 1–135)

Contents

Language(s): Greek

1. (fols iv)

Unfinished table of contents of fols 278 onwards; also a large T after the text.

2. (fols 1r-52r)
Pachomios Rhussanos
2.i. fols 1r-18r
Περὶ τῆς τῶν Ὀρθοδόξων καὶ τῶν Σαρακηνῶν πίστεως πρὀς τινας

ed. J. Karmires, Ὁ Π. Ρουσᾶνος καὶ τὰ ἀνέκδοτα δογματικὰ καὶ ἄλλα ἔργα αὐτοῦ νῦν πρῶτον ἐκδιδόμενα (Texte und Forschungen zur byzantinisch-neugriechischen Philologie 14), Athens 1935, pp. 242–265.

2.ii. fols 18r-21v
Ἀπολογία διαλεκτικὴ πρὸς Λατίνους

Ed. J. Karmires, pp. 269–273.

2.iii. fols 21v-39r
ἔτι περὶ ⟨Καρτανιτῶν⟩ αἱρετικῶν, De Cartanitis Haereticis

PG 98, 1360–1364C; iiia) fols 22v-23v: De Cartanitarum Haeresi, PG 98, 1361D-1364C, ed. I. Vassilikos, Κανέλλου Σπανοῦ Γραμματικὴ τῆς κοινῆς τῶν Ἑλλήνων Γλώσσης , Παχωμίου Ρουσάνου Kατὰ χυδαϊζόντων καὶ αἱρετικῶν καὶ ἄλλα τοῦ αὐτοῦ, ἐκδιδόμενα ἐκ κωδίκων τῆς Μαρκιανῆς Βιβλιοθήκης ὑπὸ Ἰωάννου Βασιλικοῦ, Trieste 1908, pp. 77–80.

2.iv. fols 23v-39r
Αἱ τοῦ καταράτου Καρτάνου αἱρέσεις καὶ φληναφίαι καὶ ἡ τούτων ἀνατροπή

ed. I. Vassilikos, Κανέλλου Σπανοῦ, pp. 81–115.

2.v. fols 39r-41r
Πρὸς Λατίνους ἁρμόσειε δ’ ἂν καὶ κατὰ Ἀρειανῶν καὶ Σαρακηνῶν βλασφημούντων περὶ τὴν υἱότητα

ed. J. Karmires, pp. 265–268.

2.vi. fols 41r-42v
Πῶς ἐν μὲν τῇ τετάρτῃ καὶ τῇ ἕκτῃ ἡμέρᾳ διὰ τὴν τοῦ Χ(ριστο)ῦ σταύρωσιν νηστεύομεν, τοὐναντίον δὲ ἐν ταῖς μνήμαις τῶν ἁγίων μαρτύρων ἁβροτέρας μεταλαμβάνομεν τροφῆς, καίτοι παθῶν καὶ θανάτου ἀμφοτέρωθεν μνήμη/ κατὰ Σεβηριανῶν (ἀεριανῶν MS) καὶ κ(α)τ(ὰ) τοῦ Φρὰ Λούτερη ὡρισμένην μὴ εἶ(ναι) νηστείαν δογματιζόντ(ων)

ed. Karmires, pp. 274–275

2.vii. fols 42v-52r
Πρὸς Διονύσιον (Διόνυσον MS ) ἱερομόναχον τὸν ἀναχωρητ(ήν)

ed. Karmires, pp. 172–186.

3. (fols 52r-96v)
John Chrysostom, Synopsis scripturae sacrae

CPG 4559, PG 56, 313–386, with differences from the printed text; fols 52r-55v: Προθεωρία; fols 55v-62v: Σύνοψις τῆς Γενέσεως; fols 62v-65v: Σύνοψις τῆς Ἐξόδου; fols 65v-69r: Σύνοψις τῶν Ἀριθμῶν; fols 69r-71r: Σύνοψις τοῦ Δευτερονομίου; fols 71r-73r: Σύνοψις τῶν Ἰησοῦ τοῦ Ναυῆ; fols 73r-75v: Σύνοψις τῶν Κριτῶν; fol. 75v: Σύνοψις τῆς Ῥούθ; fols 75v-79v: Σύνοψις τοῦ τετραβασιλείου: Βασιλειῶν, Α´; fols 79v-82v: Βασιλειῶν Β ον´; fols 82v-85r: Βασιλειῶν, Γ´; fols 85r-88r: Βασιλειῶν, Δ´; fols 88r-89r; Σύνοψις τοῦ Σ⟨ε⟩ιράχ; fols 89r-90v Σύνοψις τῶν τῷ προφήτῃ Ἡσαΐᾳ εἰρημένων; fols 90v-93r: Σύνοψις τῶν τῷ προφήτῃ Ἱερεμίᾳ εἰρημένων; fols 93r-94v: Σύνοψις τῶν τῷ προφήτῃ Ἰεζεκιὴλ εἰρημένων; fols 94v-95v: Σύνοψις τῶν τῷ προφήτῃ Δανιὴλ εἰρημένων; fol. 95v; Ὠσηέ; fol. 95v: Ἀμώς; fols 95v-96r: Μιχαίας; fol. 96r: Ἰωήλ; fol. 96r-96v: Ἰωνᾶς; fol. 96v: Ἀβδιοῦ; fol. 96v: Ναούμ.

4. (fols 97r-99r)
Niketas of Herakleia, De metris,

Περὶ εἰδήσεως στίχων, ed. Koster, Tractatus graeci de re metrica inediti, Paris 1922, pp. 103–113.

5. (fols 99r-133v)
Ps.-Nonnus, Scholia mythologica pseudo-Nonni

CPG 3011: i) fols 99r-104v: In orationem in sancta lumina (Orat. XXXIX) historiae viginti quinque, ed. J. Nimmo Smith, Pseudo-Nonniani in iv orationes Gregorii Nazianzeni commentarii, Corpus Christianorum. Series Graeca 27, Turnhout 1992, pp. 217–242.; Cf. Vat. gr. 1663, fols 200r-208v; fols 104v-110v; 110v; 110v-132v; Commentarius in orationem iv (prooemium + historiae 1–97), pp. 67–169; 132v-133v: Commentarius in orationem v (historiae 1–2 tit.), pp. 173–176, up to τὸν Σαλμωνέα ἐκ βύρσης βροντᾶν.

6. (fols 134r-135r)

tit. Περὶ τῶν Ἀγαρηνῶν οἳ καὶ Ἰσμαηλίται λέγονται, inc. Σαρακηνοὺς δὲ ἑαυτοὺς καλοῦσιν, ὡς ἐκ τῆς Σάῤῥας μετονομασθέντας · τὸ δουλικὸν ἀποφεύγοντες ὄνομα, ἐτράπησαν δὲ εἰς ἑλληνισμόν, προσκυνήσαντες τῷ ἑωσφόρῳ ἄστρῳ καὶ τῇ ἀφροδίτῃ ἣν δὴ καὶ χάβαρ τῇ ἑαυτῶν ἐπωνόμασαν γλώσσῃ ὅπερ σημαίνει μεγάλη· ἕως μὲν οὖν τῶν ἠρακλείου χρόνων· προφανῶς εἰδωλολάτρουν ἀπὸ δὲ ἠρακλείου καὶ δεῦρο, ψευδοπροφήτης αὐτοῖς ἀνεφύη μωάμεθ ἐπονομαζόμενος· ὃς περιτυχὼν ἑβραίοις (cf. John of Damascus, De haeresibus, 100 [101] CPG 8044, ed. R. Le Coz, Jean Damascène, Ecrits sur l'islam, présentation, commentaires, et traduction, SC 383, Paris 1992, pp. 210) … des. καὶ οὕτως ἀποθανεῖν ἐβουλήθη· καὶ ἄλλα τινὰ παραληροῦντες ὀνειροπολοῦνται οἱ ἄθλιοι· καὶ τῶν αἰωνίων ἀγαθῶν ὡς ἀσεβεῖς καὶ βλάσφημοι ἀπηλλοτριωμένοι. (post textum sec manu add. αγαθονως ασεβεις), For the part beg. ὃς περιτυχὼν ἑβραίοις up to καὶ οὕτως ἀποθανεῖν ἐβουλήθη; cf. also George the monk, Chronicon breve (lib. 1–6) (redactio recentior), PG 110, 865. 45–869. 11; George Kedrenos, Compendium Historianum, ed. I. Bekker, Georgius Cedrenus Ioannis Scylitzae ope, vol. 1, Corpus scriptorum historiae Byzantinae, Bonn, 1838; pp. 739, ch. 17–741. 18.

MS Holkham gr. 81 is copied from MS Harley 5575, according to Nimo Smith, Pseudo-Nonniani in IV Orationes Gregorii Nazianzeni Commentarii, CCSG 27, Turnhout 1982 p, 19.

Physical Description

Hand(s)

Erroneously identified as Ἀντώνιος Ἐπισκοπόπουλος, by Barbour, 607; see RGK I, 24. On Ἀντώνιος Ἐπισκοπόπουλος see also RGK II, 33, RGK III, 37 and Álbum de copistas de manuscritos griegos en España, I, 36. Episcopulus, Antonius (accessed 1 July 2018); E. S. Giannopoulos, Ἡ Ἄνθηση τῆς Ψαλτικῆς Τέχνης στὴν Κρήτη (1566–1669), Ἵδρυμα Βυζαντινῆς Μουσικολογίας-Μελέται 11, Athens 2004, pp. 143–160.

Decoration

Small headpieces before each section.

History

Origin: 16th century

MS. Holkham Gr. 81 – Part 2 (fols. 136–320)

Contents

Language(s): Greek

(fols 137r-320v)
Makarios Chrysokephalos, Sermons,

i) fols 137r-151r: Εἰς τὰ ἐννέα τάγματα τῶν ἀΰλων δυνάμεων, hom. 1 (numbering of homilies and sequence as in A. Ehrhard, Überlieferung und Bestand der Hagiographischen und homiletischen Literatur der Griechischen Kirche, I-III. Leipzig-Berlin 1937–1952). Rome 1979, vol. i. 3, p. 691), BHG 129, , ed. Λόγοι Πανηγυρικοὶ ΙΔ' τοῦ κυροῦ Μακαρίου τοῦ Χρυσοκεφάλου, ἀναλώμασι ἐπισκόπου Ἡλιουπόλεως καὶ Θυατείρων κ. Λεοντίου, Ἐν Κοσμοπόλει [Vienna] 1793 (?), pp. 34–58, reprinted also in ed. Deledemos, Μακαρίου τοῦ Χρυσοκεφάλου Ἀρχιεπισκόπου Φιλαδελφείας, Λόγοι Πανηγυρικοὶ ΙΔ´, Thessalonica 1989, pp. 100–126;

ii) fols 151v-168v: Laudatio Michaelis et Gabrielis (hom. 2), Εἰς τοὺς ταξιάρχας Μιχαὴλ καὶ Γαβριήλ, BHG 1294, ed. Leontios of Heliopolis and Thyateira, pp. 59–89, ed. Deledemos, pp. 127–159;

iii) fols 168v-178r: De hypapante (hom. 3), εἰς τὴν ἑορτὴν τῆς Ὑπαπαντῆς, BHG 1971, ed. Leontios of Heliopolis and Thyateira, pp. 90–107, ed. Deledemos, pp. 160–178;

iv) fols 178r-192v: (hom. 4) Εἰς τὴν παγκόσμιον ἑορτὴν τῆς ὀρθοδοξίας, ed. G. Passarelli, Macario Crisocefalo (1300–1382). L’omelia sulla festa dell’Ortodossia e la basilica di S. Giovanni di Filadelfia, Orientalia Christiana Analecta 210, Rome 1980, pp. 101–152;

v) fols 193r-207v: In Dominicam adorationis Crucis (hom. 5), Εἰς τὴν γ´ Κυριακὴν τῆς Σταυροπροσκυνήσεως, BHG 422s, ed. Leontios of Heliopolis and Thyateira, pp. 135–163, ed. Deledemos, pp. 179–205;

vi) fols 207v-219r: In Dominicam Palmarum (hom. 6), εἰς τὴν ἑορτὴν τῶν Βαΐων, ed. Leontios of Heliopolis and Thyateira, pp. 164–184. ed. Deledemos, pp. 237–258;

vii) fols 219r-234r: Eἰς τὴν πανένδοξον ἁγίαν Ἀνάστασιν (hom. 7), ed. Leontios of Heliopolis and Thyateira, pp. 185–211, ed. Deledemos, pp. 259–286;

viii) fols 234r-253r: (hom. 8), εἰς τὴν Κυριακὴν τῶν Μυροφόρων, ed. Leontios of Heliopolis and Thyateira, pp. 212–246, ed. Deledemos, pp. 287–323;

ix) fols 253r-267r: Eἰς τὴν πανένδοξον καὶ θείαν Ἀνάληψιν (hom. 9), ed. Leontios of Heliopolis and Thyateira, pp. 247–275, ed. Deledemos, pp. 324–353;

x) fols 267v-278r: Laudatio Iohannis Euangelistae (hom. 10), Εἰς τὸν Εὐαγγελιστὴν Ἰωάννην, BHG 932, ed. Leontios of Heliopolis and Thyateira, pp. 276–297, ed. Deledemos, pp. 354–375;

xi) fols 278r-287v: In Natale S. Iohannis Baptistae (hom. 11), Εἰς τὴν γέννησιν τοῦ προδρόμου Ἰωάννου, BHG 852, ed. Leontios of Heliopolis and Thyateira, pp. 298–315, ed. Deledemos, pp. 376–394;

xii) fols 287v-303r: De Transfiguratione (hom. 12), BHG 1991, εἰς τὴν ἔνδοξον Μεταμόρφωσιν τοῦ Χριστοῦ, ed. Leontios of Heliopolis and Thyateira, pp. 316–345, ed. Deledemos, pp. 395–426;

xiii) fols 303v-320v: In decollationem S. Iohannis Baptistae (hom. 13), εἰς τὴν ἑορτὴν τῆς ἀποτομῆς τοῦ Προδρόμου, BHG 860, ed. Leontios of Heliopolis and Thyateira, pp. 346–379, ed. Deledemos, pp. 427–463;

xiv) fol. 320v: In Exaltationem S. Crucis (hom. 14), λόγος εἰς τὴν Παγκόσμιον ὕψωσιν τοῦ τιμίου καὶ ζωοποιοῦ σταυροῦ, BHG 417, des. mut. καὶ ἐπινίκιον ὕμνον ἀνακράξατε, μελώ[δημα τὸ εὐεργέτημα ποιησάμενοι …, ed. Leontios of Heliopolis and Thyateira, p. 1, ed. Deledemos, p. 66.

Physical Description

Hand(s)

Μάξιμος Μαργούνιος, See RGK I, 259; RGK II, 356; RGK III, 427.

History

Origin: 16th century

Additional Information

Record Sources

Description by Dimitrios Skrekas (2019), with the support of the Leventis Foundation, the Oxford Centre for Byzantine Research, the Yerolemou Trust and the Michael Marks Charitable Trust.

Bibliography

Last Substantive Revision

2019-10-18: New description by Dimitris Skrekas.