A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

MS. Holkham Gr. 83

Summary Catalogue no.: Not in SC (late accession)

Diktyon no.: 48151

Homer, Iliad (Books I-XII) with prologue of Eustathios and hypotheses, gloss, comments and epimerisms by Porphyry (Books I-IX); Batrachomyomachia with interlinear glosses

Contents

Language(s): Greek

(fols 1r-8v)
Eustathios of Thessalonica, Commentary on Homer’s Iliad

Ed. Van der Valk, M. Eustathii Archiepiscopi Thessalonicensis Commentarii ad Homeri Iliadem pertinentes, ad fidem codicis Laurentiani editi, vol. 1, Leiden, 1971, tit. (in red ink) + Εὐσταθίου μαΐστορος τῶν ῥητόρων. κ(αὶ) ἐκκλησιαστικοῦ ἐπὶ τῶν δεήσεων τοῦ ὕστερον θεσσαλονίκης, παρεκβολαὶ τῆς ὁμήρου ἰλιάδος: προοίμιον ἔχον καί τι ἐγκληματικὸν εἰς τ(ὸν) ποιητὴν: i) fols 1r-5r: inc. Τῶν ὁμήρου σειρήνων … des. οὐ δέοντι σοφίζεσθαι. ed. Van der Valk, pp. 1-9.6; ii) fols 5r-7v: inc. Ὅτι ἓν μέν τι σῶμα συνεχὲς … des. τοῖς μετιοῦσιν αὐτήν. ed. Van der Valk, pp. 9-13.10; iii) fol. 7v: inc. Ὅτι (δὲ ed.) συνεκφώνησις ἤτοι συνίζησίς ἐστιν (συνίζησις ἐστὶν MS) … des. ἀντὶ μιᾶς μακρᾶς. ed. Van der Valk, pp. 19.33-20.10; fol. 7v: inc. τὸ προΐαψεν, ἤγουν μετὰ βλάβης … des. πρὸ τοῦ μοιριδίου, (φασίν, ed.) ἔπεμψεν. ed. Van der Valk, p. 28.3-21.

2. (fol. 8r)
⟨Argument to Iliad’s Book I⟩

Ed. C.G. Heyne, Homeri Ilias, vol. 1, Oxford, 1834, p. 2.

3. (fol. 8r)
⟨Portions from Scholia on Homer⟩,

i) inc. Ἰστέον ὅτι τὸ τὸ ἄρθρον, οὐδέποτε κουφίζεται … des. θάτερος ἁμαρτάνει. ii) Inc. Τέσσαρα εἰσὶ τὰ χαρακτηρίζοντα … des. καὶ ποιὰ λέξις.

4. (fols 9r-182r)

With interlinear glosses and marginal comments up to fol. 131. Sometimes the scholia are quite extensive, covering thus all the available space on paper. Also additional hand on supplementary scholia between fols 58-64.

i) fols 9r-25r: Book I; fol. 9r: Book epigram: + βίβλος ὁμήροιο μουσοπλόκου· κλῆσι(ν) ἰλιάδος ἐπωνυμίην φορέουσα; Cf DBBE: https://www.dbbe.ugent.be/occurrences/23565, MS Vat. Gr. 915 , fol. 47v: + βίβλος ὁμήροιο μουσοπλόκου ἰδὲ ῥαψωδία· κλῆσ(ιν) ἰλιάδ(ο)ς ἐπωνυμίην δὲ φορέουσα. See also F. Pontani, ‘The World on a Fingernail: An Unknown Byzantine Map, Planudes, and Ptolemy’, Traditio 65 (2010) 180, on MS Vat. Gr. 915, fol. 417v: 'A third contemporary (or slightly later) hand added what could be taken as a very awkward hexametric couplet in between the astronomical text and the Vitae Homeri'; fol. 9r: (in red ink, and likewise all the Rhapsodies’ titles): + Ἰλιάδος α´ ὁμήρου ῥαψωδίας:-); various comments: inc. Ἐναντία δοκεῖ λέγ(ειν) ὁ ποιητὴς … des. φθειρόμενοι ἐκαίοντο. ed. H. Schrader, Porphyrii quaestionum Homericarum ad Iliadem pertinentium reliquiae, fasc. 1, Leipzig, 1880, vol. 1, p. 4. Scholia on Verse 52; (in red ink) ἔμμετρος ἐπιγραφή: Ἄλφα λιτὰς χρύσου· λοιμ(ὸν) στρατοῦ. ἔχθος ἀνάκτων, ⟨Stephen the Grammarian⟩, metrical title in dactylic hexameter, see DBBE: https://www.dbbe.ugent.be/types/4409; Πορφύριος μὲν ὄνομα λέγει … inc. Τὸ ἀείδειν κυρίως ἐπὶ ποιημάτων …

ii) fols 25r-46v: Book II; fol. 25r: ἄλλη ὑπόθεσις βῆτα ὁμήρου ἰλιάδος + ἰλιάδος βῆτα ὁμήρου ῥαψωδίας :- fol. 25v: ἔμμετρος ἡ ἐπιγραφή (in red ink) + Βῆτα δ’ ὄνειρον ἔχει· ἀγορὴν. καὶ νῆας ἀριθμεῖ:~, ⟨Stephen the Grammarian⟩, metrical title in dactylic hexameter, see DBBE: https://www.dbbe.ugent.be/types/6483; fol. 43v: in marg. in red ink: μ´/·ἡες (leg. νῆες) ᾳρ´π´ς´:-, that is the total number of the ships according to the catalogue. See G. Huxley, ‘Numbers in the Homeric Catalogue of Ships’, Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Studies 7, no. 4 (23 December 1966), 313–18 (esp. 315)

iii) fols 46v-57v: Book III; + ἰλιάδος γάμμα, ὁμήρου ῥαψωδίας:- Γάμμα δ’ ἄρ’ ἀμφ’ Ἑλένης οἴοις μόθος ἐστ(ὶν) ἀκοίταις :·, ⟨Stephen the Grammarian⟩, metrical title in dactylic hexameter, see DBBE: https://www.dbbe.ugent.be/types/6485;

iv) fols 57v-71r: Book IV; ἡ κοινὴ ἐπιγραφὴ:· ὁρκίων χύσις καὶ ἐπιπόλησις ἀγαμέμνονος:· Δέλτα· θεῶν ἀγορὴ· ὅρκων χύσις· ἄρεος ἀρχή:~, ⟨Stephen the Grammarian⟩, metrical title in dactylic hexameter, see DBBE: https://www.dbbe.ugent.be/types/6487;

v) fols 71r-92v: Book V; ἡ πεζὴ: Διομήδους ἀριστεία : – + Εἶ βάλλει κυθέρειαν Ἄρηά τε Τυδέος υἱὸς :+ ,⟨Stephen the Grammarian⟩, metrical title in dactylic hexameter, see DBBE: https://www.dbbe.ugent.be/types/6489;

vi) fols 92v-104r: Book VI; + ἐπιγραφὴ τῆς ζ: ἕκτορος καὶ ἀνδρομάχης ὁμιλία:+ ἔμμετρος δὲ, Ζῆτα δ’ ἄρ’ Ἀνδρομάχης καὶ Ἕκτορος ἔστ’ ὀαριστύς:+, ⟨Stephen the Grammarian⟩, metrical title in dactylic hexameter, see DBBE: https://www.dbbe.ugent.be/types/6491

vii) fols 104v-114v: Book VII; + ἰλιάδος ἦτα ὁμήρου ῥαψωδί(ας):- +Ἦτ’, Αἴας πολέμιζε μόνῳ μόνος Ἕκτορι δίῳ , ⟨Stephen the Grammarian⟩, metrical title in dactylic hexameter, see DBBE: https://www.dbbe.ugent.be/types/6493

viii) fols 114v-126r: Book VIII; + ἰλιάδος θῆτα ὁμήρου ῥαψωδίας:- θῆτα, θεῶν ἀγορὴ. Τρώων κράτος. ἕκτορος εὖχος :–, ⟨Stephen the Grammarian⟩, metrical title in dactylic hexameter, see DBBE: https://www.dbbe.ugent.be/types/6473

ix) fols 126r-141r: Book IX; + ἰλιάδος ἰῶτα ὁμήρου ῥαψωδίας:- ·:·ἐξαισίη (sup lin παράκλησις) δ’ ἀχιλῆος ἀπειθέος, ἐστὶν Ἰῶτα:+, ⟨Stephen the Grammarian⟩, metrical title in dactylic hexameter, see DBBE: https://www.dbbe.ugent.be/types/6475

x) fols 141r-153r: Book X; + ἰλιάδος κάππα ὁμήρου ῥαψωδίας:~ Κάππα δ’ ἄρ’, ἀμφότεροι σκοπιαζέμ(εν) ἤλυθον ἄνδρες:~, ⟨Stephen the Grammarian⟩, metrical title in dactylic hexameter, see DBBE: https://www.dbbe.ugent.be/types/6496; fol. 153r: +τέλος τῆς κάππα ὁμήρου ῥαψωδίας +

xi) fols 153v-171r: Book XI; + ἰλιάδος λάμβδα ὁμήρου ῥαψωδίας:~ λάμβδα δ’, ἀριστῆας δαναῶν βάλον ἔκτορος ἄνδρες0, ⟨Stephen the Grammarian⟩, metrical title in dactylic hexameter, see DBBE: https://www.dbbe.ugent.be/types/6498

xii) fols 171r-182r: Book XII + ἰλιάδος μῦ ὁμήρου ῥαψωδίας:~ μῦ τρώων παλάμῃσι κατήριπε τεῖχος ἀχαιῶν :+ ,⟨Stephen the Grammarian⟩, metrical title in dactylic hexameter, see DBBE: https://www.dbbe.ugent.be/types/6500; fol. 181 pasted handwritten note which copies relevant sections from B. de Montfaucon, Diarium Italicum. Sive monumentorum veterum, bibliothecarum, musaeorum, &c. Notitiae singulares in itinerario Italico collectae. Additis schematibus ac figuris, Paris 1702, pp. 248-249, tit. Montfaucon Diarium Italicum cap: 5ii Venezia, inc. Decima nona … des. novum calculi genus, p. 69.8-14; tit. St maria Minerva Bibl(iotheca) Cap. 18 (leg. 17) inc. Ad haec MSS (manuscripti ed.) quidam … des. sunt, Diarium Italicum, p. 248. 35-37; fol. 181v: ……. Id est Mensis … exaratus codex fuit, Diarium Italicum, p. 249. 1-6. fol. 182r: + τέλος τῆς μυ ὁμήρου ῥαψῳδίας+;

5. (fols 183r-189v)
Ps.-Homer, Batrachomyomachia

With interlinear glosses, fol. 183r (sup lin): ὁ ὅμηρος ὁ πάνσοφος ἡ θάλασ(σα τ)ῶν λόγων; Ioannis Tzetzes, Alleg.Il. prooem. 51 = Hist. 13.620; fol. 189v (in red ink) : ἐν ημηα ἡμέρα ἐπράχθη τέλος/ αμην. See Ed. D. B. Monro, and T. W. Allen. Homeri Opera, vol. V, Oxford, 1912, p. 183 (siglum H2).

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Paper. Watermarks: cf. ‘Etendard’ Briquet 5980 (d.1340) ‘cercle’, Briquet 2941 (d. 1357), ‘Demi-Boef’, Briquet 2727 (d. 1370), 2730 (d. 1380), 2733 (d. 1371).
Extent: iii + 189 leaves (fol. 181 is an additional leaf added much later (19th c.), fol. 190 has a note pasted on it: Bernardi Canisiani Alberti filii κ(αὶ) τῶν φίλων nο 42. + iii fols at the end foliated as 190-192.
Dimensions (leaf): 215 × 145 mm.

Collation

1 x 2-1 (i), 1 x 2 (iii), 22 x 8 (176), 1 x 6 -1 (181), 1 x 8 (189), 1 x 4 -1 (fol. 181 is additional and was later added (192). Quire markings in Greek numerals usually at the beginning and end of each quire.

Layout

24 lines per page

Hand(s)

One main scribe. Additional later (possibly of 15th c.) hand on fols 58r-64v.

Decoration

Decorative initials in red ink at the beginning of Rhapsodies and Batrachomyomachia.

Additions:

fol. iir-iiv: notes related to the content of the MS by W. Roscoe and an additional explanatory note signed by C. W. J(ames).

fol. 182r: +ἄλφα· βῆτα· γάμμα· δέλτα· ἐ· ζῆτα· ἦτα· θῆτα· ἰῶτα· κάππα· λάμβδα· μῦ· νῦ· ξῖ· ὁ· πῖ· ῥῶ· σῖγμα· ταῦ· ὗ· φῖ· χῖ· ψῖ· ὦ:+

Note of Collapse of Hagia Sophia in Constantinople 19 May 1346. On this, see P. Schreiner, Die byzantinischen Kleinchroniken. Vol. 12.2, Vienna, 1979, p. 611, A. Turyn, Dated Greek Manuscripts of the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries in the Libraries of Italy, vol. 1, Urbana, Chicago, London, 1972, p. 160 and N. Ambraseys, Earthquakes in the Mediterranean and Middle East: A Multidisciplinary Study of Seismicity up to 1900, Cambridge, 2009, pp. 371-372.

+ μηνὶ μαΐω ιθ´ ἔν ἔτει ιςων´δ´ ἰνδικτιῶνος ιδ´κατέπεσε ὁ θεῖος καὶ οὐ(ρά)νιος ναὸς τῆς ἁγίας καὶ μεγάλης τοῦ θ(εο)ῦ (sup lin καθολικῆς) ἐκκλησίας τῆς ἐπονομαζομένης τοῦ θ(εο)ῦ σοφίας τὸ καύχημα πάσης τῆς οἰκουμένης:~ At the bottom of the folio in red ink: μηνὶ ἀπριλλ(ίῳ) δεκάτη (Δευτέρα Monro-Allen. A later hand, possibly that of B. de Montfaucon, translated into Latin the note, below: Anno Domini 1346 mensis Maii 19· Indictione 14. Decidit Divinum et Caeleste templum Sancta et magna Dei Catholica Ecclesiae quae cognominatur Dei Sapientia seu Sophia, gloria universi orbis. fol. 182v: + ποῦ ἦ ἄν(θρωπ)ε ὁ γράψας ταύτην τὴν βίβλον (the same text is written twice by another hand). See B. de Montfaucon, Diarium Italicum, Paris 1702, pp. 248-249, ed. M. Maittaire, Batrachomyomachia, Graece ad veterum exemplarium fidem, London, 1721, pp. xii-xiii, ed. D. B. Monro, and T. W. Allen. Homeri Opera, vol. V, Oxford, 1912, p. 165 (siglum H2).

Binding

Holkham binding of brown leather, with Coke family ostrich crest in gilt in the centre of the front cover; Date: early nineteenth century. Rebound possibly by John Jones of Liverpool (worked for Holkham 1816-1823). Fol. 60 has been bound upside-down. The spine lettered in gilt: /HOMERI/ ILIAS/ PARS. I./; in pasted black leather: MS. /HOLKHAM/ Gr. 83.

History

Origin: Mid 14th c. (possibly between 10 April (1346?) and/or after 19 May 1346, see fol. 182r on marginalia above).

Provenance and Acquisition

Part of Collection of Leo Strozzi in Rome or Florence, according to Montfaucon, Diarium Italicum, p. 248.

Ownership Notes: fol. iir Left upper side in black ink: signature of Th(oma)s. W(illiam). Coke; fol. 1r: illegible, crossed out upper-case letters possibly with owner’s name: DAMIO…. fol. 190r: Bernardi Canisiani Alberti filii κ(αὶ) τῶν φίλων nο 42. Bernardo Canigiani (1524-1604) was active in Florence. See Dizionario Bibliografico degli Italiani, 18, Rome, 1975, pp. 86-89, http://www.treccani.it/enciclopedia/bernardo-canigiani_(Dizionario-Biografico) (accessed 26.09.19), http://www.accademicidellacrusca.org/scheda?IDN=1866 (accessed 26.09.19). A similar ex-libris: ’Bernardi Canisiani Alberti filii’ can be found in a MS copy d. 1498 of ed. Lorenzo d’Alopa, Apollonii Argonautica, Milan 1496 from the library of Cardinal Pietro Bembo. M. Danzi, La biblioteca del Cardinal Pietro Bembo, Genève. 2005, p. 152, no. 26. On the edition of Lorenzo d’Alopa see http://incunables.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/record/A-361. (accessed 26.09.19).

Catalogue Nrs: paste down and fol. i(v) in pencil: MS. Holkham Gr. 83, fol. iir: No. 265 (subscr. 265) D2B1; Olim Holkham Hall, Libr. of the Earl of Leicester, 264.

Record Sources

Description by Dimitrios Skrekas (2020), with the support of the Leventis Foundation, the Oxford Centre for Byzantine Research, the Yerolemou Trust and the Michael Marks Charitable Trust.

Bibliography

Last Substantive Revision

2020-07-21: New description by D. Skrekas.