A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

MS. Holkham Gr. 92

Summary Catalogue no.: Not in SC (late accession)

Diktyon no.: 48160

Works by Galen and Hippocrates

Contents

Language(s): Greek

1. (fols 1r-23r)
⟨Galen⟩, ⟨Linguarum seu dictionum exoletarum Hippocratis explicatio⟩

Ed. L. Perilli, Galeni vocum Hippocratis Glossarium / Galeno, Interpretazione delle parole difficili di Ippocrate: Testo, Traduzione e Note di Commento, Corpus Medicorum Graecorum V 13, 1, Berlin, 2017, Corpus Medicorum Graecorum V 13, 1, pp. 150–288: i) fols 1r-5v: A; ii) fols 5v-6r: B; iii) fols 6r-6v: Γ; iv) fols 6v-7v: Δ; v) fols 7v-9r: Ε; vi) fol. 9r: Ζ; vii) fol. 9r: Η; viii) fol. 9v: Θ; ix) fols 9v-10r: Ι; x) fols 10r-12v: Κ; xi) fols 13r-13v: Λ; xii) fols 13v-14v: Μ; xiii) fol. 14v: Ν; xiv) fols 14v-15r: Ξ; xv) fols 15r-15v: Ο; xvi) fols 15v-17r: Π; xvii) fols 17r-20r: Ρ; xviii) fols 20r-20v: Σ; xix) fols 20v-21v: Τ; xx) fols 21v-22v: Υ; xxi) fol. 22v: Φ; xxii) fol. 23r: Χ; xxiii) fols 22v-23r: Ψ; xxiv) fol. 23r: Ω.

2. (fols 25r-487r)
Hippocrates
i. (fols 25r-44v)
Aphorismi

Ed. É. Littré, Oeuvres complètes d'Hippocrate, vol. 4, Paris, 1844 (repr. Amsterdam: Hakkert, 1962), pp. 458–608; ed. W. H. S. Jones, Hippocrates, vol. IV, Cambridge Mass. ,1931, pp. 98–220.

ii. (fols 47r-58v)
Prognosticon

Ed. J. Jouanna, Hippocrate, tome III 1re partie: Pronostic, Collection des universités de France, Paris, 2013, pp. 1–80.

iii. (fols 58v-73r)
De diaeta acutorum

Ed. R. Joly, Hippocrate, tome VI, 2 e partie: Du régime des maladies aigués, Appendice. De l'aliment. De l'usage des liquides, Collection des universités de France, Paris, 1972/2003, pp. 36–67; fol. 58v: tit. πρὸς τὰς κνιδίας γνώμας ἢ περὶ πτισήνης.

iv. (fols 73r-86r)
De victu acutorum (de diaeta acutorum, appendix)

Ed. R. Joly, Hippocrate, tome VI, 2e partie, pp. 68–98.

v. (fols 86r-91r)
De officina medici

Ed. E. T. Withington, Hippocrates, vol. III, Cambridge Mass., 1928, pp. 58–80. des. μήτε σείητ(αι) (ed. ἐνσείηται). Also added as end of the text ὀστέων φύσις: δακτύλων μὲν ἁπλᾶ καὶ ὀστέα καὶ ἄρθρα:- see Vectiarius 1.1, ed. Withington, Hippocrates with an English Translation, vol. III, p. 398.

vi. (fols 91r-117v)
De fracturis

Ed. E. T. Withington, Hippocrates, vol. III, pp. 94–198.

vii. (fols 118r-168r)
De articulis

Ed. E. T. Withington, Hippocrates, vol. III, pp. 200–396.

viii. (fols 168r-186v)
De capitis vulneribus

Ed. M. Hanson, Corpus Medicorum Graecorum 1. 4. 1, Berlin, 1999, pp. 62–92.

ix. (fols 186v-196r)
De aere, aquis et locis

Ed. J. Jouanna, Hippocrate, tome II, Airs, eaux, lieux., 2e partie: Collection des universités de France, Paris, 1996, pp. 186–250.

x. (fols 197r-276r)
De morbis popularibus I-VII,

a) fols 197r-207v: I, ed. W. H. S. Jones, Hippocrates, vol. I, Cambridge Mass., 1923, pp. 146–210; b) fols 207v-216v: II, ed. W. D. Smith, Hippocrates, vol. VII, Cambridge Mass., 1994, pp. 18–90; c) fols 216v-226r: III, ed. W. H. S. Jones, Hippocrates, vol. I, pp. 218–286; d) fols 226r-234r: IV: ed. W. D. Smith, Hippocrates, vol. VII, pp. 92–150; e) fols 234r-244v: V: ed. W. D. Smith, Hippocrates, vol. VII, pp. 152–216; ed. J. Jouanna, Hippocrate, tome IV, partie 3e, Épidémies V et VII. Collection des universités de France, Paris, 2000, pp. 2–46; f) fols 244v-254r: VI: ed. W. D. Smith, Hippocrates, vol. VII, pp. 218–290; g) fols 254r-276r: VII: ed. Smith, Hippocrates, vol. VII, pp. 292–414; ed. J. Jouanna, Hippocrate, tome IV, partie 3e, Épidémies V et VII, Collection des universités de France, Paris, 2000, pp. 47–118.

xi. (fols 277r-284r)
De natura hominis

Ed. J. Jouanna, Hippocratis De natura hominis, Corpus Medicorum Graecorum 1. 1. 3, Berlin 1975, pp. 164–204.21.

xii. (fols 284r-287r)
De diaeta salubri

Ed. Jouanna, Hippocratis De natura hominis, pp. 204.22–220.

xiii. (fols 287r-301r)
De natura pueri

Ed. P. Potter, Hippocrates, vol. X, Cambridge Mass., 2012, pp. 30–92.

xiv. (fols 301r-305r)
De genitura

Ed. P. Potter, Hippocrates, vol. X, pp. 6–22.

xv. (fols 305r-306r)
De septimestri partu

Ed. R. Joly, Hippocrate, tome XI, De la génération- De la nature de l'enfant- Des maladies IV.- Du foetus de huit mois, Collection des universités de France, Paris, 1970/2003, pp. 44–52; ed. P. Potter, Hippocrates, vol. IX, Cambridge Mass., 2010, pp. 9–50.

xvi. (fols 306r-310r)
De octimestri partu

Ed. É. Littré, Oeuvres complètes d'Hippocrate, vol. 7, Paris: Baillière, 1851 (repr. Amsterdam: Hakkert, 1962), pp. 452–460.

xvii. (fols 310v-328v)
De locis in homine

Ed. R. Joly, Hippocrate, tome XIII, Des lieux dans l'homme; Du système des glandes; Des fistules; Des hémorrhoïdes; De la vision; Des chairs; De la dentition, Collection des universités de France, Paris, 1978, pp. 38–79; ed. P. Potter, Hippocrates, vol. VIII, Cambridge Mass.,1995, pp. 13–102.

xviii. (fols 328v-332r)
De medico

Ed. W. H. S. Jones, Hippocrates, vol. II, Cambridge Mass., 1923, in part, pp. 310–313, and in full: ed. P. Potter, Hippocrates, vol. VIII, pp. 295–313; ed. J. L. Heiberg, Hippocratis Indices librorum, Iusiurandum, Lex, De arte, De medico, De decente habitu, Praeceptiones, De prisca medicina, De aere locis aquis, De alimento, De liquidorum usu, De flatibus, Corpus Medicorum Graecorum 1. 1, Leipzig and Berlin, 1927, pp. 20–24.

xix. (fols 332r-336v)
De judicationibus

Ed. P. Potter, Hippocrates, vol. IX, Cambridge Mass., 2010, pp. 276–298.

xx. (fols 336v-339r)
De corde

Ed. M.-P. Duminil, Hippocrate, tome VIII, Plaies, Nature des Os, Coeur, Anatomie, Collection des universités de France, Paris, 1998, pp. 190–195; ed. P. Potter, Hippocrates, vol. IX, Cambridge Mass., 2010, pp. 51–71.

xxi. (fols 339r-346r)
De carnibus

Ed. P. Potter, Hippocrates, vol. VIII, Cambridge Mass.,1995, pp. 127–166; ed. R. Joly, Hippocrate, tome XIII, Des lieux dans l'homme; Du système des glandes; Des fistules; Des hémorrhoïdes; De la vision; Des chairs; De la dentition, Collection des universités de France, Paris, 1978, pp. 188–203.

xxii. (fols 346r-349v)
De glandulis

Ed. R. Joly, Hippocrate, tome XIII, Des lieux dans l'homme; Du système des glandes; Des fistules; Des hémorrhoïdes; De la vision; Des chairs; De la dentition, Collection des universités de France, Paris, 1978, pp. 114–122; ed. P. Potter, Hippocrates, vol. VIII, Cambridge Mass.,1995, pp. 103–126.

xxiii. (fols 349v-350v)
De anatome

Ed. M.-P. Duminil, Hippocrate, tome VIII, Plaies, Nature des Os, Coeur, Anatomie, Collection des universités de France, Paris, 1998/2003, pp. 208–209.

xxiv. (fols 353r-353v)
De virginum morbis

Ed. P. Potter, Hippocrates, vol. IX, Cambridge Mass., 2010, pp. 355–364.

xxv. (fols 353v-376v)
De natura muliebri

Ed. F. Bourbon, Hippocrate, tome XII, 1re partie, Nature de la femme, Collection des universités de France, Paris, 2008; ed. P. Potter, Hippocrates, vol. X, Cambridge Mass., 2012, pp. 192–322.

xxvi. (fols 376v-377v)
De dentitione

Ed. W. H. S. Jones, Hippocrates, vol. II, Cambridge Mass., 1923b, pp. 322–328; ed. R. Joly, Hippocrate, tome XIII, Des lieux dans l'homme; Du système des glandes; Des fistules; Des hémorrhoïdes; De la vision; Des chairs; De la dentition, Collection des universités de France, Paris, 1978, pp. 222–225.

xxvii. (fols 379r-470v)
De mulierum affectibus

Ed. P. Potter, Hippocrates, vol. XΙ, Cambridge Mass., 2018, pp. 8–252, 262–450; a): fols 379r-428v: Book 1 b) fols 428v-470v: Book 2.

xxviii. (fols 471r-486r)
De sterilibus

Ed. P. Potter, Hippocrates, vol. X, Cambridge Mass., 2012, pp. 330–394.

xxix. (fols 486r-487r)
De foetus exsectione

Ed. P. Potter, Hippocrates, vol. IX, Cambridge Mass., 2010, pp. 368–372.

Fols. 23v-24v; 45r-46v; 95v; 196v; 264r-264v; 276v; 351r-352v; 378r-378v; 487v-488 blank.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Paper
Extent: ii + 487 + i (endleaf fol. as fol. 488)
Dimensions (leaf): 205 × 145 mm.

Collation

1 × 2 (ii), 1 × 8 (8), 1 × 4 (12), 1 × 8 (20), 1 × 4 (24), 1 × 8 (32), 1 × 10 (42), 1 × 4 (46), 17 × 10 (216), 1 × 8 (224), 5 × 10 +2 (276; fols 275–276 pasted), 6 × 10 (336), 1 × 12 (348), 1 × 4 (352), 2 × 10 (372), 1 × 6 (378), 9 × 10 (468), 1 × 2 (470), 1 × 10–1 (479; 1 cut fol. [unfoliated] between fols 475 and 476), 1 × 8 (487), 1 × 2 (488+ 1 paste down).

Layout

24 lines per page.

Hand(s)

Κωνσταντῖνος Μεσοβώτης, RGK I, 224; RGK II, 315; RGK III, 363

Binding

Holkham binding of brown leather, with Coke family ostrich crest in gilt in the centre of the upper cover; Date: early nineteenth century. Rebound by John Jones of Liverpool (worked for Holkham 1816–1823.The spine lettered in gilt: / HIPPOCRATIS/ QUÆDAM GRÆCA//MS./ SÆC. XV./; in pasted black leather: MS. /HOLKHAM/ Gr. 92

History

Origin: 16th century

Provenance and Acquisition

Monastery of San Giovanni di Verdara in Padua. The MS is to be identified with ‘Bibl. S. Joannis in Viridario ad. dextr. plut. XVII’, which was considered initially lost (H. Diels, Die Handschriften der antiken Ärzte, I. Teil: Hippokrates und Galenos, Abh. d. Königl. Preuß. Akademie d. Wiss. 1905, phil.-hist. Kl. 3, Berlin, 1905, pp. 3, 5, 13, 21, 30, and H. Diels, Die Handschriften der antiken Ärzte, II. Teil: Die übrigen griechischen Ärzte außer Hippokrates und Galenos, Abh. d. Königl. Preuß. Akademie d. Wiss. Berlin, 1906, phil.-hist. Kl. 1, Berlin, 1906, p. 77, ). It was identified as Holkham 282 (= old number before the MSS were moved to Oxford) in H. Diels, Bericht über den Stand des interakademischen Corpus medicorum antiquorum und Erster Nachtrag zu den in den Abhandlungen 1905 und 1906 veröffentlichten Katalogen: Die Handschriften der antiken Ärzte, I. und II. Teil, Abh. d. Königl. Preuß. Akademie d. Wiss. 1907, Berlin, 1908, p. 25, 26, . See also M. R. Formentin, I codici greci di medicina nelle tre Venezie, Padua, 1978, p. 19, ; C. Magdelaine, Histoire du texte et édition critique, traduite et commentée, des Aphorismes d'Hippocrate, unpublished PhD thesis, University of Paris 4, Paris, 1994, p. 88, fn. 88, and J. Jouanna, Hippocrate La nature de l'homme, Berlin, 2002, p. 62, fn 4, , and A. Touwaide, A census of Greek medical manuscripts: from Byzantium to the Renaissance, Medicine in the medieval mediterranean 6, London, New York, 2016, p. 89 [0403], pp. 187–188 [0886], p. 193 [0903], . The MS alongside MS. Holkham Gr. 97 and MS. Holkham Gr. 116 was purchased by Thomas Coke in 1717 at Padua. See S. de Ricci, A handlist of manuscripts in the library of the Earl of Leicester at Holkham Hall: abstracted from the catalogues of William Roscoe and Frederic Madden (Supplement to the Bibliographical Society's Transactions, 7, Oxford, 1932), pp. ix-x . See also E. Mioni, Bibliothecae Divi Marci Venetiarum codices graeci manuscripti, vol. 1.1, Rome, 1967, Appendix, tab. V, and D. Marcotte, ‘La Bibliothèque de Jean Calphurnius’, Humanistica Lovaniensia 36 (1987) 185.

Olim [Bibl. S. Joannis in Viridario ad. dextr. plut. XVII] ; front paste down (in pencil): MS Holkham Gr. 92; fol. i(r): (in pencil) No. 281 (sup lin 2) D2 B8 ; Olim Holkham Hall, Libr. of the Earl of Leicester, 282. MS Holkham Gr. 92 is an apograph of Vat. Gr. 276. See A. Pietrobelli, ‘Contaminations dans la tradition du commentaire de Galien au 'Régime des maladies aiguës' d'Hippocrate᾽, in A. Roselli (ed.) Storia della tradizione e edizione dei medici greci. Atti del VI Colloquio internazionale, Paris 12–14 aprile 2008, Collectanea 27, Napoli, 2010, p. 173, fn. 23. MS Holkham Gr. 92 was used together with Par. Gr. 2141 (=G) in the Aldine edition for treatises absent from G. See P. Potter, ‘The editiones principes of Galen and Hippocrates and their relationship, Text and Tradition’ in Text and Tradition: Studies in Ancient Medicine and Its Transmission: Presented to Jutta Kollesch (Studies in Ancient Medicine, V. 18), Leiden, Boston, Cologne, 1998, p. 244, esp. fns 3 and 4.

Record Sources

Description by Dimitrios Skrekas (2020), with the support of the Leventis Foundation, the Oxford Centre for Byzantine Research, the Yerolemou Trust and the Michael Marks Charitable Trust.

Bibliography

Last Substantive Revision

2020-08-21: New description by D. Skrekas.