A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

MS. Holkham Gr. 98

Summary Catalogue no.: Not in SC (late accession)

Diktyon no.: 48166

Two Lives of Aesop and 200 Fables

Contents

Language(s): Greek

1. (fols 1r- 49r)

Vitae Aesopi

i. (fols 1r-48r)
Vita W (vita Aesopi Westermanniana) (recensio 2)

Ed. B. E. Perry, Aesopica, vol. 1, Urbana, 1952, pp. 81–107; cf. ed. A. Westermann, Vita Aesopi ex Vratislaviensi ac partim Monacensi et Vindobonensi Codicibus, London, 1845, pp. 8–57; tit. Βίος τοῦ πανθαυμαστοῦ Ἀισώπου. inc. Οὐ κατὰ πάντα τὸν βίον βιωφελέστατος … des. ἐκδίκησαν αὐτοῦ τὸν θάνατον; ἐξεδίκησαν τὸν τοῦ Αἰσώπου μόρον (ed.)

ii. (fols 48r-49r)
⟨Aphthonius (?)⟩, ⟨Vita Aesopi⟩

Ed. B. E. Perry, Aesopica, pp. 211–212; A. Eberhard, Fabulae romanenses Graece conscriptae, vol. 1, Leipzig, 1872, pp. 306–308. tit. Αισώπου μῦθοι κατὰ στοχεῖον ἀπὸ τοῦ α´ μέχρι τοῦ ω´.

2. (fols. 49r-108r)
Aesop, Fabulae

Two hundred fables in alphabetical order. Numbers are given according to ed. É. Chambry, Aesopi Fabulae, vols 1–2, Paris, 1925, pp. 31–259 and pp. 261–569.

i) fols 49r-60r: Α: Fabulae 3, 8, 5, 40, 32, 41, 42, 31, 35, 34, 43, 30, 37, 14, 12, 21, 54, 36, 65, 26, 61, 179, 6, 142, 63, 60, 56, 28, 29, 51, 46, 50, 83, 24, 22, 55;

ii) fols 60r-61v: Β: Fabulae 66, 68, 70, 293, 74;

iii) fols 61v-65r: Γ: Fabulae 81, 80, 89, 91, 87, 90, 76, 77, 78, 84, 86;

iv) fols 65r-68r: Δ: Fabulae 95, 96, 178, 98, 255, 115, 101, 248, 92;

v) fols 68r-72v: Ε: Fabulae 262, 106, 105, 104, 103, 13, 241, 38, 270, 307, 94, 158, 108, 107, 285, 300;

vi) fols 72v-73v: Ζ: Fabulae 163, 126;

vii) fols 73v-74r: Η: Fabulae 132, 326, 346, 129;

viii) fols 74v-75r: Θ: Fabulae 243, 133, des. mut. αὐτῶ εἰς τὴν;

ix) fols 75r-76r: <Κ>: Fabulae 184, inc. mut. * …] καρδίαν ἁρπάσας ἔφυγεν …, 185 169, 181; x) fols 76r-83r: Λ: Fabulae 192, 202, 197, 212, 198, 225, 214, 201, 205, 207, 209, 215, 222, 225, 221, 224, 230, 195, 223, 191, 210, 199, 229, 194;

xi) fols 83r-86v: Μ: Fabulae 234, 235, 239, 242, 240, 244, 20, 238, 245, 266;

xii) fols 86v-88r: Ν: Fabulae 249, 251, 252, 250;

xiii) fols 88r-89r: Ξ: Fabulae 254, 2;

xiv) fols 89r-96v: Ο: Fabulae 258, 82, 94, 274, 142, 282, 267, 265, 279, 263, 278, 282, 268, 272, 275, 271, 287, 284, 285, 149, 292, 192, 269, 147, 288, 69, 81, 261, 14;

xv) fols 96v-102r: Π: Fabulae 294, 297, 302, 303, 305, 311, 312, 317, 319, 298, 322, 59, 32, 294, 301, 353, 100, 239;

xvi) fol. 102r: Ρ: Fabulae 325;

xvii) fols 102r-103r: Σ: Fabulae 327, 330, 331;

xviii) fols 103r-104r: Τ: Fabulae 101, 332, 308, 334, 123;

xix) fols 104r-104v: Υ: Fabulae 328, 343, 296;

xx) fols 104v-105v: Φ: Fabulae 345, 195;

xxi) fols 105v-106v: Χ: Fabulae 348, 354, 349, 352;

xxii) fols 106v-107v: Ψ: Fabulae 357, 336, 358, 356;

xxiii) fols. 107r-108r: Ω: Fabulae 336 and cf. 52, inc. Ωρ τις ὄνομα ἐν ταῖς τρυφαῖς σχολάζων … des. ἡ μὲν μία γραῦς. ἡ δὲ ἑτέρα νέα. Ed. C. Lachman, Babrii Fabulae Aesopeae, Berlin, 1845, p. 162.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: paper
Extent: ii + 108 + ii endleaves, being foliated as fols 109–110.
Dimensions (leaf): 250 × 180 mm.

Collation

1 × 2 (ii), 2 × 8 (16), 1 × 4 (20), 1 × 8 (28), 1 × 4 (32), 1 × 6–1 (37), 15 × 4 (97), 1 × 12–1 (108), 1 × 2 (110).

Layout

23 lines per page

Hand(s)

Possibly one Italian humanist who either wrote the text without spirits and accents, and later added those (somehow inaccurately, eg. fol. 1r tit. Ἀισώπου etc), or a second hand (in different ink) added those at a later stage (less likely).

Additions: fol. 1v (contemporary note in pencil): 107 leaves. Another hand added references to MS Laur. conv. Soppr. 627 (fol. 1r: Fol. 96 pag. olim. 1) counted lines in 5 and added variae lectiones, see e. g. fol. 3r etc.)

Binding

Typical Holkham binding of light brown leather, with Coke family ostrich crest in gilt in the centre of the upper cover; Date: early nineteenth century. Rebound by John Jones of Liverpool (worked for Holkham 1816–1823). The spine lettered in gilt: /ÆSOPI VITA ET FABULÆ GR.–//MS/ 278 /. A pasted black leather with the new shelfmark is missing: MS. /HOLKHAM/ Gr.98.

History

Origin: 17th-18th cent.

Provenance and Acquisition

Erroneous dating (maybe a typo) of XVth C. in S. de Ricci, A handlist of manuscripts in the library of the Earl of Leicester at Holkham Hall: abstracted from the catalogues of William Roscoe and Frederic Madden (Supplement to the Bibliographical Society's Transactions, 7, Oxford, 1932), p. 23.

Ownership Notes: paste down (in pencil): MS. Holkham Gr. 98; fol. 1(r) (in pencil): No 290 278 D3B7. (= Old Catalogue Nrs: Olim Holkham Hall, Libr. of the Earl of Leicester, 278)

It has been suggested that the MS was copied from MS Florence, Laur. conv. soppr. 627 (see B. E. Perry, Studies in the text history of the life and fables of Aesop (Philological monographs of the American Philological Association 7), Haverford, Pa., 1936, pp. 71–72, n. 1). Since variae lectiones and all the page references to MS Florence, Laur. conv. Soppr. 627 have been added by this hand in margins of the main text, it seems more likely that MS Florence, Laur. conv. soppr. 627 served as a model of comparison and not as the scribe’s exemplar – cf. e.g. reference on fol. 75r MS πρός-.

Record Sources

Description by Dimitrios Skrekas (2020), with the support of the Leventis Foundation, the Oxford Centre for Byzantine Research, the Yerolemou Trust and the Michael Marks Charitable Trust.

Bibliography

Last Substantive Revision

2020-08-26: New description by D. Skrekas.