MS. Holkham misc. 1
Summary Catalogue no.: Not in SC (late accession)
Bible; England, 13th century, second quarter (?)
With 'modern' chapter divisions
The text is glossed throughout, heavily in some places, occupying, for example, almost the whole of fol. 1v; fol. 1r is blank. Numbers in round brackets preceded by 'S.' refer to the numbers of prefaces as in Stegmüller, Repertorium.
General prologues(S. 284, 285)
Cf. MGH Poetae Latini I, 287, and III, 326.
Genesis - Deuteronomy
Judges(S. 314 in margin)
I-II Samuel(S. 323)
I-II Chronicles(S. 328, 327), without the Prayer of Manasses at the end
Job(preceded by S. 344, 349; followed by S. 350)
with the ten-part divisions
Song of Songs
Isaiah (S. 482); Jeremiah (S. 487); Lamentations (starting 'Et factum est postquam ...'), followed by an explanation of the Hebrew letters ('Post interpretacionem elementorum intelligencie ordus dicendus est. Aleph. Beth. ...'); Baruch (S. 491); Ezekiel (S. 492); Daniel (S. 494).
General prologue (S. 500); Hosea; Joel (S. 510); Amos (S. 512); Obadiah (S. 516); Jonah (S. 522); Micah (S. 525); Nahum (S. 527); Habakkuk (S. 529); Zephaniah (S. 532); Haggai (S. 535); Zechariah (S. 540); Malachi (S. 544).
I-II Maccabees(S. 551)
Matthew (S. 595, 590/591; with 589 added in the lower margin); Mark (S. 607); Luke (S. 620); John (S. 624)
Romans (S. 669, divided at 'Epistolam sane ...'; followed by a series of eight short prefaces: 'Romani namque pleriquetam infirmi erant ...', 'Corinthiis ...', 'Galathe ...', 'Ephesii ...', 'Phillippenses ...', 'Thessalonicenses ...', 'Colosenses ...', 'Hebreis ...'; and S. 674, 677); I Corinthians (S. 685); II Corinthians (S. 699/700); Galatians (S. 707); Ephesians (S. 715); Philippians (S. 728); Colossians (S. 736); I Thessalonians (S. 747); II Thessalonians (S. 752); I Timothy (S. 765); II Timothy (S. 772); Titus (S. 780); Philemon (S. 783/784); Hebrews (S. 793/794).
Acts(S. 640) .
General preface (S. 809); James (S. 807, 806); I-II Peter; I-III John; Jude.
Also found in BL, Royal MS. 13 A.xiii, fol. 128r; see Warner and Gilson, Royal and Kings cat..
Arranged alphabetically by subject: from 'De amicitia uera uel falsa' to 'De uictoria', interrupted after the extract 'De constancia et inconstancia' by inserted leaves (fols. 320r-323r; fol. 323v blank) with extracts from 'De concordia uel discordia' to 'De nobilitate', and followed by a few extracts on subjects from 'De correptione uel correcione'(?) to one on 'diuicie'.
For other MSS. see S. Harrison Thomson, The writings of Robert Grossesteste, bishop of Lincoln, 1235-1253 (Cambridge, 1940), 172.
Ruled in leadpoint (often becoming a brown 'crayon' colour), with 54-57 lines in two columns, the top and bottom lines extending the full width of the page (except after fol. 98, where an extra line has been ruled above the top line of writing, so that the 'top' line is thereafter the second line); with single vertical lines bounding each column and extending the full height of the page; further lines in the margins, e.g. to guide the running-titles.
Written in competant gothic script, apparently by three or more scribes; apparently written above top line throughout (except for the added Text 17), but then re-ruled with an extra top horizontal line, from fol. 98 onwards, effectively moving the first line of writing 'below top line'.
Headings in plain brown ink in larger script, crossed through in red.
Large red and blue 'puzzle' initials with red and blue penwork at the beginnings of books and prologues, not particularly well-executed; smaller initials alternately red with blue penwork or vice versa; one-line initials, letters of running-headers, numerals of chapters, etc., alternately red or blue; paraphs alternately in red or blue.
Standard Holkham binding. Sewing not visible, but apparently modern; bound in typical Holkham style in black straight-grained morocco over pasteboards, the upper cover stamped in gilt with the crest of the Earls of Leicester; gilt turn-ins; the spine lettered in gilt 'BIBLIA | SACRA' at the top, and 'MS. | SÆC. XII' at the bottom; the bottom edge of fols. 1-2 have rust-stains apparently from a chain-staple.
Provenance and Acquisition
Written presumably in England (but the parchment is not unlike that from southern Europe) towards the middle of the 13th century, when the transition from 'above top line' to 'below top line' was occurring.
Annotated and glossed extensively within a short time of the writing, and perhaps rebound within the 13th century (see under Collation).
Perhaps in a chained library at some date (see under Binding).
Holkham Hall; formerly Norfolk, Holkham Hall, MS. 8; No. 8 in de Ricci's handlist: inscribed in pencil 'Holk Cat No. 8' (fol. ii recto).