A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

MS. Junius 83

Summary Catalogue no.: 5194

A Calendar, compotus, Limburger Monatsregeln; Utrecht, c. 1252 with additions. B Glossaries; western Germany, mid-13th century

Physical Description

Extent: iv + 71 + iii folios (i-iv, 1–74)
Dimensions (leaf): 205–15 × 135–40 mm.

Binding

Post-1600: 17th-century (?) binding of blind-tooled calf over pasteboards.

History

Provenance and Acquisition

Both parts together by c. 1300 (notes in the same hand on fols. 1r, 71v), presumably at the Cistercian nunnery of St Servatius (St Servaes) in Utrecht; certainly there by the sixteenth century: ‘Den Joffrau van Nienroden costerin van sinte Servaes’, 16th century, fol. 71v, identified by W. Braekman and M. Gysseling as Beatrice van Nienroden of the Cistercian nunnery of St Servaes, Utrecht

‘Sum Boxhornij’, 17th century, fol. 1r: Hendrik Boxhorn, -1631

Franciscus Junius, 1589–1677

Received by the Bodleian by 1677

MS. Junius 83 – Part A (fols. 1–19)

Contents

1.
Notes on compotus
(fols. 1v-2r)
Rubric: Incipit exposicio tabule que pancronos appellatur id est omnium temporum
Incipit: Primo considerandus est aureus numerus presentis anni quotus sit
Explicit: et alia post byssextum et ideo alia racio
Final rubric: Explicit exposicio tabule que pancronos appellatur

Explains the table on fols. 10v-11r; cf. e.g. Thüringer Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Jena Ms. El. f. 17 fol. 239v.

Language(s): Latin
(fols. 2r-v)
Incipit: Concurrentes A.vi. b.v. C.iiijor
Incipit: Anno enim bissextili ubi littera fuerit dominicalis post aureum numerum
Explicit: tunc enim in xiª erit

Fol. 3r ruled, blank; fol. 3v blank.

Language(s): Latin
2.
(fols. 4r-9v)
Calendar

About half-full; includes (30 April) Peter of Verona, canonized 1253, apparently as an early addition.

Pr. W. Braekman and M. Gysseling, 'Het Utrechtse Kalendarium van 1253 met de Noordlimburgse Gezondheidsregels' Verslagen en mededelingen van de Koninklijke Academie voor Nederlandse taal- en letterkunde (nieuwe reeks) (1967) 575–635, 581–90. Attributed to the Cistercian abbey of St Servaes, Utrecht, by A.D.A. Monna, ‘Diagnose van een omstreden 13e eeuwse kalender uit de Servaasabdij te Utrecht’, Archief voor de geschiedenis van de Katholieke Kerk in Nederland 25 (1983), 145–180. The attribution had been queried by J. P. Gumbert, 'Is Het ‘Kalendarium Van 1253’ Wel Utrechts?', Tijdschrift voor Nederlandse Taal- en Letterkunde 93 (1977), 201–2, but Gumbert withdrew his objections after the publication of Monna's article (J. P. Gumbert, 'Het ‘Kalendarium van 1253’ is wel degelijk Utrechts', Tijdschrift voor Nederlandse Taal- en Letterkunde 101 (1985), 160).

Language(s): Latin
(fols. 4v-9v)
Limburger Monatsregeln (Limburgse Gezondheidsregels)
Incipit: (February) In deser manet sal tu blůet laten bi den dume of ander medianen · drach oec enen warmen hůet · dat is dinen houede uele gůt · warmen win drinc g(er)ne Hi suueret dine darme · Etes du ene sade ůp de and(er)e sade dat wert di alte sike(n) dagen · Ala(n)t · ende m(us)chaten · en(de) lac(ri)ssce · gete(m)p(er)et mitte(n) wine · bote(n) di des hůstes ·
Explicit: (December) In dece(m)bri so iset winter · So laet an dinen houede blůt dat is di wer dat houetswar gůt · Et alre hande sote eten · ende bade mitten steine · so bliuet din lif sunt ende reine ·

In the margins of the kalendar are rules for the months in rhymed verse, beginning with February (January, on 4r, is without one). These are added in a 13th century textualis by a subsequent hand to the primary hand of the kalendar. Pr. Braekman and Gysseling, 591–2.

Language(s): Middle Dutch (perhaps northern Limburg)
3. (fol. 10r)
Prognostications according to the dominical letter
Incipit: Si fuerunt kalende januar. die dominica hyemps bona erit, uer uentuosum, estas sicca
Explicit: longeui morientur, domus peribunt

Pr. Braekman and Gysseling, 593.

Language(s): Latin
4. (fol. 10r)
Extracts from Cistercian liturgical statutes
Incipit: Quando hystor(ia) in principio infra octauam assumptionis beate marie euenerit canenda, dicetur ad vesperas capitulum Benedictus deus, Responsum Inicium, Ymnus Deus creator
Explicit: Post octauam assumptionis et natiuitatis beate Marie commemoratio sanctorum Benedicti et Bernardi non dicetur excepto quod in festo beati Bernardi fiet commemoratio de sancto Benedicto

Cf. statues of ?1174, 1239 and 1245 (Joseph-Marie Canivez, Statuta capitulorum generalium ordinis cisterciensis ab anno 1116 ad annum 1786 (Louvain 1933–1941), i.81–2, ii.201, ii.288)

Language(s): Latin
5. (fols. 10v-11r)

Table of movable feasts for each of the possible days of Easter from 22 March to 25 April

Language(s): Latin
6.
(fols. 11v-19v)

Computistical table from 1252, continued to 1783

(fol. 19v)

Explanation of the table

Incipit: In hac tabula continetur magnus \cyclus/ annorum quingentorum triginta duorum qui per tot annos reuolutus in se semper reuertitur
Language(s): Latin

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment

Collation

1(4–1: 3 canc.) (fols. 1–3), 2(6) (fols. 4–9), 3(4) (fols. 10–13), 4(6) (fols. 14–19)

Layout

Written below top line.

Fols. 1r-2v: written space 145 × 95 mm.

Fols. 2v-19v: written space 165–70 × 100–10 mm.

Hand(s)

Textualis; Braekman and Gysseling distinguish the hands as follows: (A) fols. 1v-2v, main text of 4r-9v, 10v-11r; (B) additions to the calendar on 3 Jan. and in the margins, and fol. 10r; (C) addition to the calendar (St Dominic) and the ordinal, fol. 10r; (D) the Middle Dutch additions, February to May and October to December; (E) Middle Dutch, June to September; (F) Middle Dutch, some of the text for May; (G) (early 14th century) minor additions on fols. 1r and 71v and calendar, 20 Dec.; (H) fol. 12r, table for 1316–1345; (I) fols. 12v-19v, table for 1346–1783, and text on fol. 19v.

Decoration

Plain red initials.

History

Origin: c. 1252;additions, 13th century, second half and 14th century, first half ; Dutch, Utrecht, Cistercian nunnery of St Servatius (St Servaes) (?)

Provenance

Written at or for the Cistercian nunnery of St Servatius (evidence of the calendar and art. 4); the date is suggested by the computistical tables and the apparent addition of Peter of Verona to the calendar.

MS. Junius 83 – Part B (fols. 20–71)

Contents

7. (fols. 20r-49r)
Gloss on the Old and New Testaments
Rubric: Incipit libellus diuersarum glosarum in uetus et nouum testamentum
Incipit: Omnes diuine auctoritatis libri lxxa duo sunt
Incipit: Glosa grece, latine dicitur ad uerbum
Incipit: Epistola grece, latine supermissa, quia semper epistolam oporteat certam habere causam
Incipit: Frater Ambrosius […] Quoniam in hac epistola de philosophis plura narratur
Incipit: (fol. 21r) In principio creauit deus, id est inincio [sic for in inicio] ordinis creaturarum, uel potius in filio suo qui dixit Ego sum principium
Explicit: [Heb. 11.37] Melota est pellis caprina, que et pera uocatur, ex uno latere dependens hac usi sunt monachi in egipto propter asperitatem

Cf. Fritzlar, Dombibl., Ms. 129 (Gen. - Apoc.)

Incorporating some German glosses (e.g. fol. 44r, 'Coriarius ledermechere') presented as part of the text; pr. E. Steinmeyer and E. Sievers, Die althochdeutschen Glossen I (1878), passim.

Language(s): Latin incorporating West Central German (Ripuarian/Southern Low Franconian) glosses
8. (fols. 49v-68v)
⟨Glossar Jd⟩
Rubric: \NOMENCLATOR/ [later heading (by Junius (?))]
Incipit: Homo · Vir · Mulier · Femina · Uirago · Capud · Vertex | Coma ualh · Capillus har · Cesaries · Jungenmannes · | Crines · wiueshar · Barba · bart ·
Explicit: Laureum lorboum · Quando u(er)o hui(us)modi diriuatiua de arborib(us) nomi(n)a minus idonee potuerint inueniri · rac(i)onabilit(er) loquim(ur) · sicut nobis i(n) sc(ri)ptura diuina explanatum e(st) · Tulit uirgas ex platanis (et) similia ·
E. Steinmeyer and E. Sievers, Die althochdeutschen Glossen III (1879) 362–88 (no. 841)
Language(s): Latin and Old High German
9. (fols. 68v–70v)
⟨Fulgentius⟩, ⟨Expositio sermonum antiquorum⟩
Rubric: Item Glose
Incipit: Sandapila, feretrum ignobilium mortuorum. Uispillones, baiuli cadarum [sic for cadauerum] ad sepulturam
Explicit: Delenificus, blandiloquus. Unde Lucretius ait, Nescio quorsum mihi eueniant tua uerba tam delenifica

This ms. listed by P. Wessner, in Comment. philol. Jenens, vi, 2, 1899, p. 63–144, p. 79 (no. 44): 'ein dürftiges, unvollständiges und stark interpoliertes Excerpt'.

Vernacular glosses incorporated in the text pr. E. Steinmeyer and E. Sievers, Die althochdeutschen Glossen II. 162 (no. 636)

Language(s): Latin incorporating West Central German (Ripuarian/Southern Low Franconian) glosses
10. (fols. 70v-71r)
⟨Glossary⟩
Incipit: Ethimologia, origo uocabulorum, cum vis uerbi uel nominis per interpretationem colligitur. Hanc aristotiles symbolon, cicero adnotationem nominat, quia nomina et uerba rerum nota facit. Differentia est quam quidam scriptores de eodem et de altero nominant
Incipit: Dindima quasi diuina intima dicuntur. Hoc est misteria. Actutum mox. Epythomia desiderium
Explicit: Conisma ymago depicta. Copos grece, labor inde copia

The text incorporates two vernacular glosses (fol. 70v, p. 43), pr. E. Steinmeyer and E. Sievers, Die althochdeutschen Glossen IV.352–3 (no. 888c)

Language(s): Latin incorporating West Central German (Ripuarian/Southern Low Franconian) glosses

Rest of fol. 71r blank. Fol. 71v blank except for ex libris.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment

Layout

1 col., c. 30–32 lines. Written below top line. Written space 160 × 95–105 mm.

Hand(s)

Textualis.

Decoration

Four-line blue initial flourished in red, fol. 20r; two-line blue initial, flourished in red, fol. 65v.

Elsewhere two-line red initials, plain, or flourished in red, blue or red-and-blue.

History

Origin: 13th century, middle ; Germany, West

Additional Information

Record Sources

Description by Matthew Holford, Oct. 2020, drawing on notes by Stephen Mossman, c. 2003. Information on the dialect of part B contributed by Nigel Palmer, ex inf. Thomas Klein. Previously described in the Summary Catalogue (1937).

Digital Images

Digital Bodleian (full digital facsimile)

Bibliography

Last Substantive Revision

2020-10: Revised description for Polonsky German digitization project.