Originally blank. Added three-quarter length image of Christ, with kneeling monk at his feet, in brown ink, see Decoration. Above the monk a distich written by hand D asking for Christ's protection for ‘Dunstan’.
Note on Eutyches
Rubric: (first line in capitals) In honomate sumitonantis ars euticis gramatici | incipit
Incipit: De nomine auctoris huius libri multi dubitant utrum euticius an eutex dicitur
Explicit: uictus fuisset
(fol. 1v) (text continues without a break)
Incipit: Theodocius dicit De coniugationibus apud grecos iii sunt coniugationes uerborum qu
arum prima positione
Explicit: litterae precidunt finalem .o.
Extract from Macrobius, De differentiis et societatibus, probably with independent circulation; cf. P. de Paolis, Macrobii Theodosii De verborum Graeci et Latini differentiis vel societatibus excerpta (1990), test. 1 (p. 172), lines 1-11 (closest to the present text), and test. 4 (p. 177); cf. ibid., pp. 21-23 ( = Keil, Grammatici Latini V. 601-2) for the same passage in context of the whole work.
, Ars de uerbo
Rubric: (in capitals) Incipit ars Euticis de discernendis coniugationibus
Incipit: (prologue) (in capitals) Cum semper noua questiones doctoribus
Incipit: (text) TRES quidem sunt coniugationum species apud grecos
As pr. Keil, Grammatici Latini V.447-60 (ends imperfect at l. 36 of the printed text, ‘semino . as . memor . memoro . as .’). Jeudy, ‘Manuscrits de l'Ars de Verbo d'Eutychès et le commentaire de Rémi d'Auxerre’, p. 430.
Syntactical glossing marks.
Marginal and interlinear glosses in Latin and Breton: mostly written by the scribe, some added 9th and 10th centuries (Bischoff). The first marginal glosses on the text are:
Incipit: (inexcussabilis) Cudo cusi . excuro. as. excuraui tum ire
Incipit: (necessitas) A necesse . necessitas quasi nec & esse . Necessitas imperii . necessitudo sanguinis Breton glosses pr. W[hitley] S[tokes] in Trans. Philological Society (1860-1), 232-6, 292-3.
Language(s): Latin and Breton
Dimensions (leaf): 250 × 180 mm.
1(8, +1 before fol. 2)
Folded before ruling in drypoint four at a time. Written in 27 long lines, written space c. 195 × 125 mm. .
Caroline minuscule (fols. 1v-9).
Fol. 1r: inscriptions on the image in Anglo-Saxon minuscule; inscription under the image in English caroline minuscule.
Coloured initials. (P&A i. 421). Added, fol. 1r, important drawing, possibly by St. Dunstan (inscription in the first person). (P&A iii. 24, pl. II)
Drawing of a part-length figure of Christ, holding rod or staff in his right hand (inscribed ‘uirga recta est’, ‘uirga regni tui’, Ps. 44.7), and book or tablet in his left hand (inscribed ‘Uenite | filii au|dite me timorem | domini docebo uos’, Ps. 34.11). Kneeling monk at his feet, identified as ‘Dunstanus’ in verses above.
Budny (‘‘St Dunstan’s Classbook’’, pp. 140-2) has identified the script on Christ’s emblems with that of a contemporary copy of a Glastonbury charter of 949, and argued that Dunstan was not its original draughtsman but was responsible for later alterations.
Origin: 9th century, second quarter or middle
; added drawing, mid-10th century (?)
; French, Brittany
; additions, England
For dating and localization of the original core see Bischoff, Katalog, no. 3774 (‘Bretagne unter Tours-Einfluß’).
In England probably by the mid-tenth century (drawing and additions by hand D).
Identifiable as a fragment of the ‘duo libri Euticis de uerbo. uetestiss⟨imi⟩’ recorded in the Glastonbury Abbey catalog of 1247/8 (English Benedictine Libraries, The Shorter Catalogues, B39.312).
Seen by Leland at Glastonbury Abbey between 1536 and 1540: ‘Grammatica Euticis, liber olim S. Dunstani’ (English Benedictine Libraries, The Shorter Catalogues, B44.9; also Carley in Scriptorium 40/1 (1986), 114, no. 9).