A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

MS. Laud Lat. 49

Summary Catalogue no.: 1143

A Porphyry, Aristotle, Cicero, with commentaries of Boethius, Germany (Mainz?), 11th century; B John of Hildesheim, Speculum fons vitae, Germany, 14th century

Physical Description

Composite: two manuscripts (fols. 1–166 || fols. 167–176) probably together at Eberbach Abbey by at least 1502.
Extent: i + 176 + i (i, 1–177)

Binding

Laudian binding, re-backed.

History

Provenance and Acquisition

Eberbach, Cistercian abbey (?): the whole volume probably identifiable as R 23 in the catalogue of 1502 ('Textus porphirii cum commento Item quidem[sic] tractatus marci T Item libellus qui dicitur fons vite Initium Cum sit ne-'; N. Palmer, Zisterzienser und ihre Bücher (1998), 251, without reference to this manuscript).

William Laud, 1573–1645, 1637.

Part of his third donation to the Bodleian, 1639.

MS. Laud Lat. 49 – Part A (fols. 1–166)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

1. (fols. 1ra-3ra)
Porphyry, Isagoge (tr. Boethius)
Incipit: Cum sit necessarium crisarori
Explicit: eorum communitatisque traditionem
2. (fols. 3ra-9vb, 10ra-14ra)
Boethius, In Isagogen Porphyrii Commentorum editio prima
Rubric: Anicii Man(lii) S(everini) Boetii […] in Porphyrii Ysag(ogen) a Mario Victorino translatas editionis prime liber primus incipit
Incipit: Hiemantis anni tempore
Explicit: consideratione tractabitur

Bk. i ends fol. 9vb, followed by art. 3 below; bk. ii begins fol. 10ra.

3. (fols. 9vb-c, 9v lower margin; 10r-v lower margin; 27vb-28vc)
Alcuin, De dialectica
Rubric: Ysag. Albini
Rubric: (fol. 27vb, lower margin) \Dyalogus regis karoli et albini magistri eius de predicamentis/
Incipit: Quia mentionem philosophię
Explicit: qui possessionem nostram

Ch. 3 begins fol. 27vb. Breaks off unfinished in c. 8 (PL 101.962C). Rest of fol. 28vc blank except for rubric for art. 5 at bottom.

4. (fols. 14ra-27vb)
Boethius, In Isagogen Porphyrii Commentorum editio secunda
Rubric: Anicii Manlii Severini Boetii […] in Porphyrii Ysagogas a se translatas editionis secunde liber I incipit
Incipit: Secundus his arreptę expositionis labor
Explicit: ad predicamenta seruanti

Fols. 27vb-28vc, see art. 3 above.

5. (fols. 29ra-32va)
Aristotle, Categoriae (tr. Boethius)
Rubric: (fol. 28vc) Incipivnt cathegoriae Aristotelis
Incipit: AEQUIUOCA DICVNTVR \quorum nomen solum commune est secundum nomen vero substan/tię ratio diuersa
Explicit: omnes annumerati

Fol. 32vb-c blank.

6. (fols. 33ra-56va)
Boethius, In Categorias Aristotelis
Rubric: Anicii Manlii Severini Boetii […] editionis primę in Aristotelis Cathegorias a se translatas incipit liber primvs
Incipit: Expeditis hiis quę ad predicamenta
Explicit: aliquas partes speciesque contineat
7. (fols. 56va-58vc)
Aristotle, De interpretatione (tr. Boethius)
Rubric: \Textus libri periermen./
Incipit: Primum oportet constituere
Explicit: non contingit inesse contraria
8. (fol. 58vc-76rc)
Boethius, In librum Aristotelis Perihermenias commentarii editio prima
Rubric: Anicii M. S. Boetii […] In πηριηρμηνιας editionis .i. liber .i. incipit
Incipit: Magna quidem libri huius apud peripatheticam sectam probatur auctorias
Explicit: editionis series explicabit
Final rubric: \Explicit/
9. (fols. 76rc-va)
⟨Accessus: on the name and title of Boethius and the definition of philosophy⟩
Incipit: Anicius ut quidam putant ab anno dictus, eo quod optabant parentes eius eum annosum fieri
Incipit: (fol. 76va) Philosophia est amor sapientię et inquisitio uel cognitio diuinarium humanarumque rerum. Aliter, philosophia est honestas uitę, studium bene uiuendi
Explicit: Aethica socrates primus ad componendos mores instituit […] Logicam que rationalis uocatur plato sub iunxit diuidens in dialecticam et rethoricam

Follows without a break from the preceding item. Rest of fol. 76va blank.

10. (fols. 76vb-96vc)
Boethius, In librum Aristotelis Perihermenias commentarii editio secunda
Rubric: \Incipit secunda edicio boecij super librum peryermenias aristotelis/
Incipit: Alexander in commentariis suis
Explicit: illas quidem quas cathegoricas greci nominant||

Ends presumably imperfect at PL 64.487D.

Fol. 97r blank.

11. (fols. 97va-100vc)
Cicero, Topica
Rubric: \Textus Marci(?) Tullij ad trebecium iuris consultum […] /
Incipit: MAIORES NOS RES SRIBERE[sic] ingressos
Explicit: non debita accedere
Final rubric: \Explicit liber topicorum Marci tulii ad trebatium/
12. (fols. 101ra-128rc)
Boethius, In Ciceronis Topica commentum
Rubric: \Commentum \subsequens est/ antecedentis immediate libri \a Boetio editum//
Incipit: Exhortatione mi patri cum rethoricum
Explicit: ad culmen perfectione\i/ adducitur

Rest of fol. 128rc blank; fol. 128v blank.

13.
(fols. 129ra-146rb)
⟨Cicero⟩, ⟨De inuentione⟩
Incipit: (fol. 137va) Sępe et multum hoc mecum cogitaui
Explicit: (fol. 146rb) in reliquis dicemus
(fol. 146rb-c)
⟨De rhetorica⟩
Rubric: Corax siracusanus Rethoricam apud romanos primus inuenit, Tisias diuulgauit
Incipit: Partes rethorices sunt .v. Inuentio, disposito, elocutio, memoria, pronunciatio. Inuentio est excogiatio rerum uerarum et uerisimilium que causam probabilem reddant
Explicit: Tertium demonstratiuum dicitur cuius finis est honestas et turpitudo, cuius auditor demonstator uel laudator dicitur

Contemporary addition.

(fols. 129ra-146rc)
⟨Gloss on Cicero, De inuentione⟩
Incipit: (fol. 137va, margin) Primum in hoc libro notandum quod quicumque incipit orationem tria adhibere debet

Marginal and interlinear gloss and commentary, deriving in large part from Victorinus (see the following item); see Mary Dickey, ‘Some Commentaries on the De Inventione and Ad Herennium of the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries’, Mediaeval and Renaissance Studies, 6 (1968), 1–41 (2, 8–9): 'the Laudian gloss', written probably in southern Germany or northern Italy, after 996 (on the date see also Colin Morris in Journal of Theological Studies 20/2 (1969), 671).

Misbound: the correct order is 137–144, 129–136, 145–146. Fol. 137r blank.

14. (fol. 146va-166rc)
(fols. 146va-166rb)
⟨Marius Victorinus⟩, ⟨Explanationes in Ciceronis Rhetoricam ⟩ (on bk. 1)
Incipit: OMNIS QUVICVQUE incipit cuiuscumque generis orationem hec tria in principus adhibere debet
Explicit: nobis animum prebeat misericordem

Followed without a break by:

(fol. 166rb-c)
⟨De attributis personae⟩
Incipit: ⟨C⟩um sint .xi. attributa personis quibus approbatur persona
Explicit: alias quod per affectionem

Frequently transmitted with Victorinus; here breaks off unfinished. K. Halm, Rhetores Latini minores (1863) 305–306.10

(fol. 166v)

Top left corner: Ovid, Ex ponto, iii.13–14. Bottom: grammatical note (?) (beg. 'Per genus et differentiam(?) fit diffinitio uera').

Contemporary and later marginal and interlinear glosses and notes, especially in arts. 1–2, 6, 13 (for which see above).

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment
Dimensions (leaf): 340–5 × 280 mm.

Layout

3 cols., 50–51 lines. Written space c. 250–5 × 205–10 mm.

Hand(s)

Caroline minuscule by several hands ('at least eight' according to Hoffmann).

Rubrics in rustic capitals.

Decoration

Foliate interlace initials.

Spaces for initials, not filled in, fols. 76v, 96v, etc.

Diagrams (sometimes not completed, e.g. fol. 92v).

Coloured initials.

'Puzzle' initials in red and blue with penwork flourishing in both colours added, late thirteenth or fourteenth century, fols. 119r, 129r, 147v.

History

Origin: 11th century (first quarter?); added decoration c. 1300 ; German, Mainz (?)

Provenance

The script and original decoration were attributed to Mainz by H. Hoffmann, Buchkunst und Königtum im ottonischen und frühsalischen Reich (1986), I.253, who compared the script of Basel, UB, L III 3 and N 1 2 and (p. 246) of Marburg, UB, MS. 375/32.

MS. Laud Lat. 49 – Part B (fols. 167–176)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 167v-176r)
John of Hildesheim, Speculum fontis uitae

Fol. 167r blank except for theological notes added in the bottom left corner: 'Omnium quomodolibet illuminatorum est unicus tantum '

Fol. 167v, capitula; added in the upper right margin is a reference to bk. 3 of the Fons vite of 'Auicebromphus' (Ibn Gabirol)

Rubric: (fol. 167v) Stet speculum vita fontis precor omnibus annis quod carmelite finxit pia musa iohannis hildensheimensis necis a quo sit procul ensis. | Alma parens vite pons deduscissima[sic] vita | Fac mea me vite pia dignificare loqui te
Rubric: (fol. 168r) Incipit speculum fontis vite fratris iohannis de hildenshiem ordinis beate marie de monte karmeli. Capitulum primum de viui fontis intrinseca secunda perfeccione
Incipit: Unicum est omne penitus ens transcendens intellectuale fontale non mensum viuum
Explicit: diuersimode participat qualecumque . VIWM

Blank spaces (intended for decoration?) on fol. 173r-v.

The unique copy: see Verfasserlexikon IV.639-40.
(fol. 167r)
Prayer to Jesus
Incipit: Domine iesu christe qui singulari dileccione a beata martha virgine et hospite\a/ tua corporaliter sepius hospitari refici et tibi ministrari elegisti

Contemporary addition. Followed by two lines in red:

Incipit: O pharisee ideo parum diligis quia parum tibi dimitti suspicaris

Fol. 176v blank; fol. 177r-v blank.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment
Dimensions (leaf): 335 × 260 mm.

Collation

1(10)

Layout

1 col., 27 lines; ruled in leadpoint. Area of the ruled space for the main text, 190 × 115–20 mm.

Hand(s)

Main text, textualis formata by one hand.

Decoration

3-line red initial, fol. 168r.

History

Origin: 14th century, second half ; German

Additional Information

Record Sources

Description by Matthew Holford (Sept. 2020). Previously described in the Quarto Catalogue (H. O. Coxe, Laudian Manuscripts, Quarto Catalogues II, repr. with corrections, 1969, from the original ed. of 1858–1885).

Digital Images

Digital Bodleian (full digital facsimile)

Bibliography

Last Substantive Revision

2020-09-14: New draft description for Polonsky German.