A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

MS. Lyell 1


Language(s): Latin

Gospel of St. John, with interlinear and marginal glosses
Incipit: (fol. 2) Iohannes evangelista unus ex discipulis dei
Explicit: (fol. 3v) et deo misterii \magisterii/ servetur

Preface, Stegmüller, Rep. Bibl., no. 624

The Gospel begins on fol. 4, and ends fol. 100, followed by: ‘Hoc in libro expositores sunt Beda et Augustinus’. Most of the glosses were written by the original scribe. The first beg. (fol. 2): ‘Omnibus divine scripture paginis evangelium excellit’, as in the Glossa Ordinaria, but there are many differences later. Further glosses were added in a near-contemporary hand, which also labelled some of the original glosses: Augustinus, Albinus, Anselmus, all frequently, and Ieronimus, Gregorius, B(eda), on one or two occasions. For the importance of the gloss see B. Smalley, The Study of the Bible in the Middle Ages, Oxford, 1952, p. vii. Her plate 1 reproduces part of fol. 4 of our MS.

Added at the end are:

a. (fol. 100v-101v)
Incipit: ⟨P⟩rima regula est de domino et eius corpore
Explicit: cecidisti Lucifer mane oriens, etc.
De septem regulis Tyconii

Written by the original scribe: pr. Pitra, Spicilegium Solesmense III, pp. 397-8; cf. F. C. Burkitt in Texts and Studies III, 1 (1894), xxii-xxiii. Also in MS. Laud Lat. 89, fol. 154v.


In a rather later 12th-cent. hand:

i. (fols. 101ra-rb)
Rubric: Secundum Ieronimum
Incipit: Anna et Emeria sorores fuerunt. De Emeria orta est Elisabeth
Explicit: cum aromatibus in monumento
On the three Maries

Pr. M. Forster, 'Die Legende vom Trinubium', pp. 114-15.

ii. (fol. 101rb)
Incipit: Temptatio fit tribus modis. suggestione. delectatione. consensu
Explicit: ut perficiamus

On temptation.

iii. (fol. 101rb)
Incipit: Laqueus occultus dolosa cogitatio pes anime amor
Explicit: per amorem letatur

Fols. 101 v-102r are blank.

(fol. 1v)

On the front flyleaf are some pieces in 12th-13th-cent. hands:

Incipit: Grata supergrata mulier casta et pudorata

Verses, two lines.

Rubric: Senece
Incipit: Malo filie mee virum qui pecunia indiget, quam pecunia quae viro indiget
Incipit: In primo anulo. expendi. dedi. servavi. negavi. In secunda. habui. habeo. perdidi. punio. In tertia. quod expendi habui. quod dedi habeo. quod servavi perdidi. quod negavi punio.

The inscriptions on the three rings. This is different from the story of the three rings, Cap. 89 in Gesta Romanorum, ed. H. Oesterley, 1871.

(fol. 102v)

On the back flyleaf are records of payments (?) (12th cent.): (a) 'Petrus et Iohannes Ediva Emma Helewis. Alic'; (b) 'Rogerus Falim (?) et Mariarie ob. Ric. de Wike et Edit. ob. / Will. Rike ob. Iordan et Micesente ob. Edit. pro Will. ob. / Will. et Godelufe ob.' ; (c) 'Iordanus de Hade'.

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: detur \deretur/
Form: codex
Support: parchment
Extent: ii + 105 leaves (fo1s. i-ii, 1, 102-5 are flyleaves)
Dimensions (leaf): 220 × 142 mm.


1(8)-12(8), 13(4), two original flyleaves (fo1s. 1, 102), quires numbered at beginning and end in roman numerals.


Text in a central column of 16 lines ruled in pencil; gloss ruled independently.


Initials in green, red, and blue on fols. 2 and 4. (Pächt and Alexander iii. 127)


Bound in russia by R. Riviere at Bath c. 1840, rebacked, with armorial bookstamp of Sir Edward Dering, bt., apparently cut from an older binding.


Origin: 12th century, middle ; English

Provenance and Acquisition

Canterbury, Kent, Benedictine abbey of St Augustine (originally of St Peter and St Paul): identified by Mr. N. R. Ker as no. 182 in the 15th-cent. catalogue pr. M. R. James, Ancient Libraries of Canterbury and Dover, Cambridge, 1903, p. 207, from the 2º fo. detur , which does not occur as a word or part of a word in the Preface to John, but appears in our MS. because redderetur was miswritten red-detur . The correction to redderetur was made by the scribe but could easily be missed.

Sir Edward Dering, 1598-1644 (who had other MSS. from St Augustine's, e.g. BL Add. 46352 etc.) (MLGB3)

Signature on front flyleaf of William Maskell (c. 1814-1890).

James P. R. Lyell, 1871–1948. Bought by Lyell in April 1940 from W. H. Robinson Ltd.; see their Cat. 71 (1940), no. 36.

Chosen as one of the hundred manuscripts bequeathed to the Bodleian by Lyell in 1948.

Record Sources

Description adapted (July 2022) from A. de la Mare, Catalogue of the Medieval Manuscripts Bequeathed to the Bodleian Library Oxford by James P. R. Lyell (1971), with additional reference to published literature as cited.

Digital Images

Digital Bodleian (full digital facsimile)


Last Substantive Revision

2022-07: Description revised to include all information from printed catalogue.