A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

MS. Lyell 50

Theological quaestiones ; Gilbert Crispin; Honorius Augustodunensis

Physical Description

Two MSS. written in Austria or Germany, bound together.
Form: codex
Support: parchment
Extent: 63 leaves
Dimensions (leaf): 220 × 150 mm.
Edges cropped by binder.
Foliation: Modern foliation.

Binding

Archaizing binding of second half of 15th cent. (not later than 1488), in wooden boards covered with rough white skin, with parchment pastedowns and original place marker of string. Original central leather strap and metal clasp fastening to pin on the upper cover – compare the clasp of MS. Lat. misc. d. 68, also from Admont. On the front cover is a parchment label with the title (15th cent.) ‘Lucidarius de peccato originali’.

History

Provenance and Acquisition

Benedictine monastery of Admont in Austria: ‘no. 563’ on spine of binding and inside front cover remains of MS. description (only surviving words: Nº 563) as found in other Admont MSS. Listed in the 1380 catalogue: ‘Item questio cuiusdam de originali peccato, incipit ‘Queritur’; in eodem lucidarius’; see G. Möser-Mersky, Mittelalt. Bibl.kat. Österreichs iii (1961), p. 56 l. 14–15.

Bought by Lyell in October 1936 from E.P. Goldschmidt and Co.; see his Cat. 44, no. 10 (fol. 18).

James P. R. Lyell, 1871–1948

Chosen as one of the hundred manuscripts bequeathed to the Bodleian by Lyell in 1948.

MS. Lyell 50 – Part A, fols. 1–40

Contents

Language(s): Latin

1.
Collection of quaestiones and sentences from the school of Anselm of Laon
a.

Five quaestiones on original sin begin after an erasure of which only the initial ‘P’ is legible.

Incipit: (fol. 1) Queritur cur originale peccatum scilicet inobediendientia[sic] primi hominis animę inputetur cum ipsa non descendat ex traducę
Explicit: (fol. 1vb) integer homo resurget
Incipit: Iterum queritur quomodo anima contrahat a corpore peccatum cum corpus per se non habeat peccatum, donec sit animatum
Explicit: (fol. 2ra) animarum non homines
Incipit: Queritur cum omne peccatum tam originale quam actuale per prespiteri efficatiam dimittatur
Explicit: (fol. 2rb) merces iusticię
Incipit: Sed iterum dices cum abluatur in baptismate peccatum, cur filiis renatorum parentum imputatur?
Explicit: (fol. 2va) concupiscentia generantur
Incipit: Sed iterum occurrit questio cur magis originale peccatum imputetur quam actuale parentum
Explicit: (fol. 2vb) de effectu illius generantur.
b.
Incipit: (fol. 2vb) Iacob dilexi, Esau autem odio habui (Rom. ix. 13). Queri(tur) quę iusticia fuerit in electione Iacob, nam liberum arbitrium nihil operari videtur
Explicit: (fol. 3ra) non deserit sed deseritur.
c.
Incipit: (fol. 3ra) Deus de cuius principio et fine tacetur.

Pr. H. Weisweiler, ‘Le recueil des sentences “Deus de cuius principio” et son remaniement’, in RTAM 5 (1933): 254–68, chiefly from Munich clm. 23440.

d. (fol. 10vb)
Incipit: Queritur quare homo puniatur secundum animam propter peccatum primi hominis.

Also in the Munich MS. cit., see Weisweiler, ‘L’École d’Anselme de Laon et de Guillaume de Champeaux’ in R.T.A.M. 4 (1932), 245.

In the Liber Pancrisis it is attributed to Anselm of Laon. Pr. O. Lottin, Pyschologie et Morale V, 1959, p. 40, no. 44.

e.
Incipit: (fol. 10vb) Querit sanctus Augustinus cum sanguine passionis filii Dei accepimus.

The first of a series of six questions also found in the Munich MS. cit., fol. 84v-86v, pr. Lottin, ‘Nouveaux fragments théologiques de l’école d’Anselme de Laon’ in R.T.A.M. 13 (1946), 219–20, nos. 322–7.

f.
Incipit: (fol. 12va) Queritur cum peccatum non sit nisi ex sola uoluntate
Explicit: (fol. 12vb) in ministris satis habundet.

Also in the Munich MS. cit., fol. 86v. In Paris, BnF, lat. 18113 (destroyed in 1914) it was attributed to William of Champeaux: see Weisweiler, L’École, cit., p. 246. Pr. Lottin, Psychologie v, p. 307, no. 462; our MS. contains a slightly fuller version.

g.

Two sentences also found in the Munich MS. cit., fol. 86v–87

(fol. 12vb)
Incipit: Si secundum hominem dictum est hodie mecum eris in paradiso, in inferno intelligatur paradysus
Explicit: (fol. 13rb) quod nos ipsi esse debemus
Incipit: An non se garrire arbitratur quis cum dicit. Si caro est sanguis est
Explicit: (fol. 13va) amaritudinis perpetuę recordatio(fol. 13vb)ne pellamus.

The text in our MS. appears to be slightly different from that in the Munich MS.; see Weisweiler, L’École, cit., p. 246.

h. (fol. 13vb)
Incipit: Queris etiam si de nihilo cottidie nouę fiunt animę
Explicit: (fol. 14vb) quam sine uiro sumpsit ex femina.

Part of the letter of Hugh of Rouen on the soul, written to Gravion d’Angers, P.L. 166 col. 835A8–836C9. Lottin printed part of this extract, also found in the Munich MS. cit., fols. 88v-89, as two sentences in R.T.A.M. 13 (1946), 221, nos. 328–9.

j.
Miscellaneous sentences
Incipit: (fol. 14vb) Cum duę rationales creaturę peccauissent, homo uidelicet et angelus
Explicit: (fol. 15rb) deitas designatur.

Part of the unpublished preface to the commentary on Matthew from the school of Anselm of Laon (Geoffroy Babion?), pr. P.L. 162. See MSS. Lyell 66, fol. 2va, 1. 33; Laud Misc. 87, fol. irb 1. 45

Incipit: (fol. 15rb) Serui obedite dominis carnalibus ... (Ephes. vi. 5–8). Sed forte dicit aliquis. Ego fidelis sum, dominus meus iniquus et infidelis est
Explicit: (fol. 15vb) sublimioribus subdita sit
Incipit: Si fuerit bonus qui tibi preest nutritor tuus est
Explicit: dei ordinationi resistit
Incipit: Sciendum quod recordari deus nequaquam proprie dicitur
Explicit: (fol. 16rb) Nemo militans deo implicat se n(egotiis) s(aecularibus) (II Tim. ii. 4)
Incipit: (fol. 16rb) ‘Luna non splendet’ … (Iob xxv. 5). Quid per lunam nisi cuncta simul ecclesia
Explicit: (fol. 16va) corruptione propagatur
Incipit: Qui facit concordiam in sublimibus suis (Iob xxv. 2). Multa enim sibimet dissident inferius
Explicit: (fol. 17va) quod optinere non ualent numquam uolunt bene ergo dicitur. Qui facit concordiam in sublimibus.
2.
Gilbert Crispin, Disputatio Iudei et Christiani
(fol. 18)
Preface
Incipit: Reuerendo patri et domino Anshelmo
Incipit: (fol. 18vb) Quia Christiani te dicunt
Explicit: (fol. 40vb) cui honor et imperium per omnia secula seculorum. Amen.

Pr. B. Blumenkranz, Gisleberti Crispini Disputatio Iudei et Christiani (Stromata Patristica et Medievalia, Fasc. hi), Utrecht and Antwerp, 1956. The text of our MS. is not obviously related to any one of the groups of MSS. used for this edition and it has many variants not found in the MSS. used.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Fine parchment
Dimensions (written): 175 × 120 mm.

Collation

1⁸, 2⁸ (+1 added after 8), 3⁸-5⁸ (8 canc.);
Secundo Folio: -cessitate iniuste

Layout

2 cols, of 27 lines ruled with a hard point.

Hand(s)

Written in a large rounded minuscule

Decoration

Fine initials of vinescroll type drawn in the ink of the text and rubrics, apparently before the text was written, on fol. 1, 18.

Initial on fol. 18v with figure of Christ blessing. (Pächt and Alexander i. 65)

History

Origin: 12th century, first half ; Austrian or German

MS. Lyell 50 – Part B, fols. 41–63

Contents

Language(s): Latin

Honorius Augustodunensis, Elucidarius
Rubric: (fol. 41) Incipit Lucidarius
Preface
Incipit: Sepius rogatus a condiscipulis
Bk. 1
Incipit: Gloriose magister rogo ut ad inquisita mihi ne pigriteris

Bk. II beg. fol. 48; Bk. III beg. fol. 56.

Explicit: (fol. 63v) omnibus diebus uitę tuę. Amen.
Final rubric: Explicit Lucidarius.

Pr. Y. Lefèvre, ‘L’Elucidarium et les Lucidaires’, Bibl. des écoles françaises d’Athènes et de Rome 180 (1954), 359–477. Belongs to his family A, having all the early additions common to that family, including those only found in the group MAH, see op. cit., pp. 72–8; 232–42. The scribe has accidentally omitted Bk. 1 Q. 9–20 (fol. 41v, 1. 3–4) and Bk. 1 Q. 71a-most of 86 (fol. 43, 1. 32). In both cases the text continues without a break. The text is written without any division into Questions and Answers.

(fol. 63v)

After the text of the Elucidarius, the scribe has written in red capitals: Auscultate pie prescriptę uerba sophyę. Auribus audite cordeque diligite.

Various later additions on fol. 63v.

" |Diues mendicus deus infernus paradysus |Pascit deposcit conpensat torquet amenat"
WIC 4624
Τwo lines in mirror writing
" |Te diligo pre ceteris, a nexu pie Veneris me soluere dignare. |Nam solam te desidero, spem puram ad te defero quam nollem euitare"
A charm
"✠ Esyppus ✠ Speusippus ✠ Melesyppus ✠ Caspar ✠ Melchior ✠ Balthasar"
Incipit: Incaustum dum penna probat simul ipsa probatur

See W. Wattenbach, Das Schriftwesen im Mittelalter, 3rd ed., Leipzig, 1896, p. 231.

On the verso of a strip of parchment used in the binding, on which is written another charm (13th cent.), mostly illegible (beg. : ‘✠ In nomine patris’, ends: ‘protectio huic N. famulo dei ✠’) is written ‘Casperus Mulhoff’ (15th cent.?); on the front and end pastedowns are also written the letters ‘C.M.’ and on the end pastedown are ‘1488. K [or R] Petri’ and the line: ‘Ante dei uultum n⟨il⟩ unquam transit inultum’. There are annotations in the hand of this last note, which may be a hand used in one of the other notes, throughout the Elucidarius; and on fol. 4–4v of the first MS. this hand has supplied words cropped by the binder.

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: -cerem retrusus
Form: codex
Support: parchment
Dimensions (written): 180 × 120 mm.

Collation

6⁸-9⁸ (8 canc.)

Layout

35 long lines, ruled in crayon, mostly erased. Written above top line.

Hand(s)

Written on thick parchment in a small close-packed hand in the late 12th or early 13th cent.

Decoration

Plain red initials.

History

Origin: 12th century, late or 13th century, early ; Austrian or German

Additional Information

Record Sources

Description adapted from A. de la Mare, Catalogue of the Medieval Manuscripts Bequeathed to the Bodleian Library Oxford by James P. R. Lyell (1971); with additions by Andrew Dunning.

Digital Images

Digital Bodleian (full digital facsimile)

Bibliography

Last Substantive Revision

2020-12-16: Andrew Dunning Revised from description by Albinia de la Mare.