A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

MS. Lyell 85

A Bernardinum etc., Germany, 14th century, early; B Johannes Damascenus, France, 13th century, second half

Contents

Language(s): Latin

After the two parts were bound together a 15th-cent. hand added a number of items on leaves which were originally blank:

a. (fol. 1)

On the other side of the picture of SS. Benedict and Bernard are pieces about them headed 'Notabile dogma'

i.
Rubric: Sanctus Bernhardus feliciter morti appropinquans suis fratribus presens reliquit testamentum unde dicit
Incipit: Bernhardus moriens, his doctrinis valedicens

6 lines. Walther Initia, no. 2150 cites only one MS.

ii.
Rubric: Nota de excellentia patris nostri Benedicti et ordinis eiusdem
Incipit: Iohannes papa vicesimus secundus collegit ex libris suorum predecessorum et repperit de ordine beati Benedicti fuisse summos pontifices viginti quatuor ... Unde hos versus composuit de canonizatis ad honorem sancti Benedicti.
Incipit: Mitis et invicte Christi verna Benedicte

... (7 lines, end: constantior ipse).

Incipit: Post vero dictum papam Iohannem tres alii fuerunt. Natus fuit beatus Benedictus anno domini quadringentesimo octogesimo ...
Explicit: (with list of numbers of Kings, etc. of the order) Comites sedecim. Deo laus et sancto Benedicto.

For similar pieces cf. items in MS. Me1k F. 8 described in Analecta Bollandiana XVII (1898), pp. 78, 87-8; and Vienna Schottenstift 208 (53 c. 5). For the verses see Walther, Initia, no. 11128.

b. (fol. 109vb)
Theological pieces

The first is headed: 'De septemplici consideratione dominice passionis', followed (fol. 111vb) by verses on the monastic life.

(fol. 111v)
Rubric: Qualis debeat esse bonus claustralis
Incipit: Claustri[sic] qui replicas

10 lines. Walther Initia, 2879

(fol. 111v)
Incipit: Hec age peccator
(fol. 111v)
Incipit: O quantus et qualis fuit ordo sacer monachalis
(fol. 111v)
Incipit: Religio non principio

Four lines. Walter Initia, no. 16564

(fol. 111v)
Rubric: De rigore deo placentium
Incipit: Sit tibi potus aqua

Walther Initia, 18341

(fol. 111v)
Rubric: Conditiones boni sacerdotis
Incipit: Sobrius et castus, humilis

Walther Initia, 18364

c. (end pastedown)

Further theological extracts, and verses.

Incipit: Centum quinquagenos David

Walter Initia, 2614

Incipit: Fragmina verborum Tutivillus[sic]

Walther Initia, 6827

Incipit: Hec tria dona dedi

Walther Prov., 10606

Rubric: Sex bona quis consequitur in templo dei
Incipit: Sex lucror in Syon

Walther Initia, 17606

Rubric: De efficatia aque benedicte
Incipit: Sex operatur aqua

Walter Initia, 17608

Rubric: De divisione corporis Christi
Incipit: Tres partes fracte
Rubric: De salutacione virginis Marie
Incipit: Virgo perhennis Ave

Walther Initia, 20539

Incipit: Vulnera sunt Christi

Physical Description

Composite: fols. 1-111 | fols. 112-138 | fol. 139 (endleaf)
Form: codex
Support: parchment
Extent: 139 leaves
Dimensions (leaf): 257 × 180 mm.

Binding

Well preserved 15th-century Erfurt binding of wooden boards covered with goatskin originally dyed in pink, with blindstamped decoration in panels. The stamps include nos. 5, 20, 23, 26, 27 of those illustrated by P. Schwenke in plates to 'Die Buchbinderei des Petersklosters', Beitrag to Theele, Die Handscriften des Benedicktinerklosters S. Petri zu Erfurt (1920), pp. 38-45, and some other small stamps not illustrated by him, notably a 'free' four-petalled flower, and a fleur-de-lis. Two clasps on leather straps, fastening on the upper cover. There were originally four bosses on the upper cover and five on the lower, of which one remains; marks of a chain fixed to the inside of the back cover. On the spine is written: 'flores b. bern:' (15th century). MSS. Hamilton 17 and 36 have similar titles on their spines.

Parchment tags in part 1.

History

Provenance and Acquisition

St. Peter's, Erfurt: see binding, and note on fol. 2; 15th(?)-century pressmarks 'M XLV', 'N XX⟨X erased' (fol. 1r), and on fol. 2 (18th century): 'Liber regalis monasterii S. Petri Erfodiae [erased]'; another inscription, completely erased, on the front pastedown, and on the end pastedown: 'v. lib. c. xvj [?erased]'. Identifiable as Hs. in quarto 4 in the St. Peter's catalogue of 1786 (ed. Theele, Die Hss. des Benediktinerklosters S. Petri zu Erfurt (Zentralblatt für Bibliothekswesen, Beiheft XLVIII), 1920, p. 67).

Gräfische Stolbergische Bibliothek, Wernigerode: MS. Za. 9, see Ruland in Serapeum XVI (1855), II, no. 52 and E. Förstemann, Die Gräflich Stolbergische Bibliothek zu Wernigerode, 1866, pp. 75-76.

A. Rosenthal, bookseller: bought from him by James P. R. Lyell.

James P. R. Lyell, 1871-1948

Chosen as one of the hundred manuscripts bequeathed to the Bodleian by Lyell in 1948.

MS. Lyell 85 - Part 1 (fols. 1-111)

Contents

1. (fols. 2-98v)
William of Tournai, Flores Bernardi
(fol. 2r)
Verses
Incipit: Par est in verbis odoriferis opus herbis

Walther, Initia, no. 13665.

(fol. 2r)
Preface
Incipit: Cum non essem aliter exercicio
Explicit: iuxta se positas designavi
(fol. 2r-v)
List of chapters
Explicit: Expliciunt capitula libri primi. Flagrat Bernhardus sacer in dictis quasi nardus. Ex quibus hoc tractus liber est in scripta redactus

Walther, Initia, no. 6575.

(fols. 2v-98v)
Rubric: Incipit liber primus excepcionum collectarum de diversis opusculis beati Bernhardi egregii abbatis Clarevallensis. De eo quid est deus. In libro de consideracione. Capitulum primum
Rubric: Incipit prologus domini Wilhelmi monachi sancti Martini Tornacensis in Bernhardino quem idem excepit et compilavit de libris et dictis sancti Bernhardi Clarevallensis et est liber speculativus et magne contemplationis [contemporary addition, top of page]
Incipit: Quis est deus? Qui est.
Explicit: utrobique periculum.
Final rubric: Explicit excepciones collecte de diversis opusculis beati Bernhardi egregii abbatis Clarevallensis. Versus. Flagra[sic] Bernhadus [etc., see above, fol. 2v]

Our text appears to be the normal version of the work, see M. Bernards, 'Zur Ueberlieferung der Bernhardschriften. Beobachtungen an einem Bernhard-florilegium', Cîteaux in de Nederlanden 5 (1954), 153-72.

Language(s): Latin
2a. (fols. 98v-109r)
Henricus de Frimaria, Tractatus super Missus est angelus (Tractatus de adventu verbi in mentem)
Rubric: Incipit tractatus quem edidit frater Heinricus de Vrimaria sacre theologie professor super ewangelio Luce. Missus est angelus
Incipit: Lauda et letare filia Syon ... Zach. ij. Verba proposita possunt esse sponsi celestis anime devote
Explicit: Quam desponsacionem nobis prestare dignetur qui est benedictus in secula seculorum amen.
Language(s): Latin
2b. (fol. 109r-v)
Text on the vice of luxuria
Incipit: Luxuria est pestis illa que familiarem habet cum gehenna similitudinem
Explicit: qui clerici dicantur notorii vel concubinarii et a quibus ecclesiastica percipi valeant sacra(menta).

Followed by a short note: "Predilecte domine mi domine Walthere preposite sanctimonialium in Ihene valete in domino Ihesu Cristo cum omnibus subditis et vobis commissis etc. Sed si redibo persona mea a vobis et omnibus vobis commissis suscipiatur." A Waltherus Franke or Franco of Jena appears as provost of the Cistercian nunnery of St. Michael's at Jena in 1331 and 1333 and in 1341 as custos and monk of St. Peter's Erfurt: see Urkundenbuch der Stadt Jena I, ed. J. E. A. Martin (Thuringische Geschichtsquellen, N.F. 3, Th. I), Jena, 1888, docs. 147, 160, 190.

The rest of fol. 109v, and fol. 110-111v, were originally left blank.

Language(s): Latin

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: in se
Form: codex
Support: parchment
Dimensions (written): 198 × 123 mm.

Collation

I+18-138, 146. Quires numbered at the end in roman numerals.

Layout

2 cols. of 47 lines ruled in crayon

Hand(s)

A current hybrid hand.

Decoration

Miniature of SS. Benedict and Bernard, fol. 1v. See J. Leclercq, Etudes sur saint Bernard et le texte de ses ecrits (Anal. Sacr. Ord. Cisterc. IX), 1953, pp. 45, 149, and pl. V reproducing the miniature.

Large initials in blue and red flourished in blue (or violet) and red, smaller ones red flourished in blue (or violet) or blue in red. (P&A i. 294, pl. XXIII)

History

Origin: 14th century, early ; German

Provenance

Waltherus Franco: inscription on fol. 109v (see above, 2b); added note by a 14th-century hand, "quos comparavit frater Waltherus dictus Franco. [sancti Petri de Erford? erased](?)" in the upper margin of fol. 2r after the original title 'Flores sancti Bernhardi'.

Wormholes and other marks on the end leaves show that the MS. was once bound separately.

MS. Lyell 85 - Part 2 (fols. 112-138)

Contents

(fols. 112r-138v)
Johannes Damascenus, De fide orthodoxa
Rubric: Iohannes presbiteri Damasceni qui Manssur liber incipit in quo est traditio certa orthodoxe fidei capitulis divisa. c. a Burgundione iudice cive Pisano de greco in latinum domino tercio Eugenio beatae memorie pape translatus. Primum quoniam incomprehensibilis est deus et quoniam non opertet querere et circomscrutari[sic] ea que nobis a sanctis prophetis, apostolis et evangelistis non sunt tradita.
Incipit: Deum nemo vidit umquam \nisi/ unigenitus dei filius
Explicit: ab ipso est gaudium fructificantes Amen.

The chapter headings, which were left blank by the original scribe, were mostly filled in by a contemporary hand as far as c. 62 (fol. 128v). The same hand wrote marginal notes. A slightly later hand has noted the division into four books and the corresponding chapters.

Ed. E. M. Buytaert, St. John Damascene, De Fide Orthodoxa (Franciscan Institute Publications, Text Ser. 8), 1955. Our MS. appears to have similarities with his MSS. B and G.

Language(s): Latin

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: alienum quid
Form: codex
Support: parchment
Dimensions (written): 184 × 128 mm.

Collation

158, 1610, 178, 1 leaf. Catchwords, quires numbered at end of 19-21 in ink, and, at beginning, i-iiij in crayon.

Layout

a and b: 2 cols. of 52 lines ruled with a hard point (fol. 112r) or in lead (b)

c: 2 cols. of 56 lines ruled with a hard point

Hand(s)

Three hands writing below top line

hand a fol. 112ra

hand b fols. 112rb-134vb

hand c fols. 134vb-138v

Decoration

Red and blue initial on fol. 112r with blue and red pen flourishes and one small red initial with blue flourishes, others plain blue or red.

History

Origin: 13th century, second half ; French

MS. Lyell 85 - flyleaf (fol. 139)

Contents

1. (fol. 139r-v)
Monastic diurnal

A portion of the Sanctorale (29 Aug. - 14 Sept.), with (139v, top) vespers of Decollation of John the Baptist, Felix, and Adauctus (with a cross reference to Paulinus episcopus), Egidius, (fol. 139r, bottom) Gorgonius, Protus and Jacinthus, Felix and Regula, Exaltation of the Cross (with Cornelius and Cyprian on the same day).

Language(s): Latin
2.

An offset of a 14th-century (?) fragment which apparently covered the fastening of a chain on the end pastedown is from the medieval Donatus, section on the conjugation of verbs, as found, e.g., ed. of Zainer, Augsburg, c. 1475 (G.W. no. 8817).

Language(s): Latin

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment
Extent: bifolium
Dimensions (leaf): 165 × 125 mm.
Dimensions (written): 130 × 80 mm.

Layout

21 long lines.

Hand(s)

Musical Notation:

A slightly later hand added two antiphons with neumatic notation in the border of fol. 139v, bottom.

Decoration

Red initials.

History

Origin: 12th century ; St. Peter's, Erfurt (?)

Provenance

A fragment written at St. Peter's now in the binding of MS. Wernigerode Za. 5 probably comes from the same MS; see B. Wirtgen, Die Hss. des Klosters S. Peter und Paul zu Erfurt bis zum Ende des 13 Jh. (Inaug. Diss. Berlin), 1936, p. 118, no. 72.

Additional Information

Record Sources

Description adapted (March 2020) from the following sources:
Otto Pächt and J. J. G. Alexander, Illuminated Manuscripts in the Bodleian Library Oxford, 3 vols. (1966-1973) I, no. 294.
A. de la Mare, Catalogue of the Medieval Manuscripts Bequeathed to the Bodleian Library Oxford by James P. R. Lyell (1971).

Digital Images

Digital Bodleian (2 images from 35mm slides)

Last Substantive Revision

2020-03-26: Description revised for Polonsky digitization project to include additional information from printed descriptions.