MS. Rawl. G. 22
Summary Catalogue no.: 14755
Psalms – in the biblical order, written as prose, imperfect at the beginning, end and throughout, starting at 6: 3 (‘ossa mea ...’) and ending at 147: 6 (‘Suscipi ...’). The following text is also missing:
- one leaf lost after fol. 5 (missing text 9A: 15–9B: 5);
- one leaf lost after fol. 14 (missing text 17: 36–49; some loss of text due to a damaged edge of fol. 14);
- several leaves (12-leaf quire (?)) lost after fol. 18 (missing text 21: 18–33: 15);
- one leaf lost after fol. 25 (missing text 37: 16–38: 6);
- two leaves lost after fol. 40 (missing text 50: 20–53: 5);
- four leaves lost after fol. 69 (missing text 77: 3–77: 57);
- one leaf lost after fol. 86 (missing text 90: 15–91: 14);
- one leaf lost after fol. 91 (missing text 97: 2–98: 5);
- one leaf lost after fol. 92 (missing text 100: 5–101: 9);
- one leaf lost after fol. 108 (missing text 109: 1–110: 9);
- one leaf lost after fol. 116 (missing text 118: 64–80);
- two leaves lost after fol. 124 (missing text 126: 1–131: 5);
- one leaf lost after fol. 126 (missing text 134: 16–135: 23);
- one leaf lost after fol. 129 (missing text 139: 6–140: 6); replaced with fol. 130 where the missing text is written in a 14th-century (?) hand.
Weekly canticles, without titles:
- (1) Confitebor tibi domine (Isaiah 12), imperfect at the beginning, starting with ‘... latus es me’ of verse 1;
- (2) Ego dixi (Isaiah 38: 10–21);
- (3) Exultauit cor meum (1 Samuel 2: 1–11);
- (4) Cantemus domino (Exodus 15: 1–20);
- (5) Domine audiui (Habakkuk 3);
- (6) Audite celi (Deuteronomy 32: 1–44).
Daily canticles, prayers and creeds:
- (1) Te deum laudamus (fol. 143v);
- (2) Benedicite omnia opera (fol. 144v);
- (3) Benedictus dominus deus (fol. 145r);
- (4) Magnificat (fol. 145v);
- (5) Nunc dimittis (fol. 146r);
- (6) Athanasian Creed (Quicumque uult ...) (fol. 146v).
Litany, including Martin and Benedict (first and second), Botulph, Cuthbert and Dunstan (last three) among the confessors, and Etheldreda among the virgins. The petitions include ‘Ut episcopum et abbatum nostrum ...’.
Followed by collects (fols. 151r–157r) and prayers for the absolution and funeral (fols. 153r–154v):
- (1) Deus qui corda fidelium sancti spiritus illustratione docuisti ...
- (2) Deus cui proprium est misereri semper et parcere suscipe ...
- (3) Pretende domine famulis et famulabus tuis dexteram celestis auxilii ut de toto corde ...
- (4) Omnipotens sempiterne deus qui facis mirabilia magna solus ...
- (5) Animabus quesumus domine famulorum famularumque tuarum oracio proficiat supplicancium ut eas ...
- (6) Deus qui es sanctorum splendor mirabilis atque lapsorum subleuator ...; followed by a response and a versicle
- (7) Tibi domine commendamus animam famuli tui ut defunctus seculo tibi uiuat ...
- (8) Deus pietatis et bonitatis inuicte et sempiterne clementie te suppliciter ...
- (9) Diri uulneris nouitate perculsi, et quodammodo cordibus sauciati ...
- (10) Misericordiam tuam domine sancte pater omnipotens eterne deus pietatis affectu rogare ...
- (11) Omnipotens sempiterne deus qui humano corpori animam ad similitudinem ...
Fragmentary funeral mass, beginning at ‘te iustificabitur’ in the prayer ‘Non intres in iudicium cum seruo tuo domine quoniam nullus apud te iustificabitur homo nisi per te omnium peccatorum ...’. Contains prayers ‘Deus cui omnia uiuunt et cui non pereunt moriendo corpora ...’, ‘Fac quesumus domine hanc cum seruo tuo misericordiam ...’, ‘Inclina domine aurem tuam ad preces nostras quibus misericordiam ...’, ‘Pie recordationis affectu fratres karissimi commemoracionem facimus ...’. Missing leaves after fol. 156.
Office of the Dead, surviving up to the beginning of the first lection.
Ruled in plummet with single vertical and double horizontal bounding lines extending the full height and width of page (e.g. fol. 51r); written above the top line; prickings survive; ruled for 17 lines per page; written space: c. 180 × 105 mm.
The work of several scribes writing in a large formal proto-Gothic book script; dark brown ink.
Music (see van Dijk 1957).
6- to 7-line red and green initials with arabesque designs at the beginning of psalms 69 (fol. 56v), 80 (fol. 73v) and 97 (fol. 91v).
2-line red and green initials, plain or decorated with foliage and arabesque designs, at the beginning of psalms, canticles, litany and prayers.
1-line plain red or green initials at the beginning of verses and periods.
Rubrics in red ink.
Typical Rawlinson binding, 18th century, first half. Parchment (a reversed document in English, 17th century) over pasteboard. Sewn on four cords. Inscription in brown ink on the spine: ‘Psalmor. || liber || antiquiss. || MS .’. Fragments of printed paper label on spine with lettering: ‘B . . . || R . . . 2’. Fols. i and 164 are 18th-century flyleaves of laid paper, without watermarks.
Provenance and Acquisition
Made for a Benedictine house, dedicated to St Martin (?), in the north-east of England (?): Benedict appears together with the Virgin Mary in a collect ‘Satisfaciat . . .’ on fol. 160r; Martin is the first among the confessors in the litany. The litany (fol. 149r) contains Botulph before Cuthbert and Dunstan among the confessors, and Etheldreda among the virgins. Ker (1964), however, rejects ascription to St Mary’s and St Botulph’s, Thorney, made by Nicholson (Summary catalogue, vol. 5) and van Dijk (1958).
Probably owned after 1202, when St Gilbert was canonized, by a Gilbertine house: annotations on fols. 152v–163v suggesting alternative grammatical forms (in many cases changing singular endings to plural), include an addition of ‘atq(ue) Gileb(er)ti’ in a collect ‘Satisfaciat . . .’ on fol. 160r.
Jhon[sic] Andre: notes on fols. 137r, 142r and 163v in a 16th-century hand.
Francis Pole of Park Hall, Chesterfield (d. 1750): no. 1397 in the auction catalogue of his library (Oxford, Bodleian Library, Mus. Bibl. III. 8o 51(11)), 9 March 1752, described as ‘Liber Psalmorum (imp.)’. ‘1397 Pole’ on fol. 2r.
Richard Rawlinson, 1690–1755, see ODNB: bookplate, upper pastedown.
Bequeathed in 1755, accessioned in 1756. ‘607’ on the upper pastedown.
MS. Rawl. G. 22 – endleaf (fol. 1)
A love song with music (Stainer, 1901; Dean and Boulton, no. 106)
A love song with music (Dean and Boulton, no. 107; Stainer, 1901)
Staves of four lines.
Digital Bodleian (2 images from 35mm slides)
Last Substantive Revision
2021-10-26: Description revised to incorporate all information in Solopova catalogue.