A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

MS. Rawl. liturg. d. 3

Summary Catalogue no.: 15848


Gradual, Use of Sarum

Made up from different contemporary parts: temporale from Easter Sunday onwards (fol. 1); votive masses of the Virgin (fol. 42); mass of the dead (fol. 45); Credo (fol. 46); kyriale with troped kyrie (fol. 49), Gloria (fol. 58), Sanctus (fol. 64v), Agnus dei (fol. 66v); proses of Our Lady (fol. 68v), three of which (Mater ora filium, Virgo pudicitiae, Salve virgo tonantis) are for 3 voices; common of the dedication (fol. 73); sanctorale (fol. 75v); common of the saints (fol. 93).

On fol. 111v are 2 almost contemporary Sarum synodal statutes, mentioning the council of Exeter and the observance of feast days. On the paper fly leaf (fol. 112v) is a 15th cent. addition (Fac cum vocante somno) written in square notation 'per me Iohannem Rows curatum de Radeford'.

Two leaves missing after fol. 91.

Language(s): Latin

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment
Extent: ii + 111 + iii fol.
Dimensions (leaf): 250 × 170 mm.


1-2 columns.

Musical Notation:

Square notation on staves of 4 red lines. Polyphonic settings on fols. 71r-72v.

Fols. 1-48 on 11 staves, 185 × 130 mm.

Fols. 49-72 on 10 staves, 185 × 120 mm.

Fols. 73-97 on 2 columns of 10-11 staves, 180-5 × 120 mm.

Fol. 112v, square notation.


Good borders, historiated initials (defaced). (P&A iii. 496)

fol. 1r, initial R, Resurrection (Christ holding staff with cross, steps out of the tomb (defaced); soldiers asleep on the ground); grotesques.

fol. 16v, initial U, Apostles watching the Ascension of Christ (badly rubbed). Dragon's body and crowned half-figure, playing harp (King David (?)), form the descender of the letter.

fol. 19r, initial S, Pentecost (dove descends on the Virgin Mary and apostles; defaced). Dragon's body forms the descender of the letter and border in the lower margin.

fol. 22r, initial B, Christ enthroned (rubbed). Hybrid figure (dragon's body and human half-figure holding a club) forms the descender of the letter and border in the lower margin.


Origin: 13th century, end; addition, 15th century ; English

Provenance and Acquisition

Richard Rawlinson, 1690-1755

Bequeathed by him to the Bodleian.

Record Sources

Adapted (2018) from S. J. P. Van Dijk, Handlist of the Latin Liturgical Manuscripts in the Bodleian Library Oxford Vol. 1: Mass Books (part A), vol. 2: Office Books (part B) (typescript, 1957), Pächt and Alexander, and the Summary Catalogue (1895); with additional description of decoration by Elizabeth Solopova, c. 2000.

Digital Images

Digital Bodleian (2 images from 35mm slides)


Last Substantive Revision

2017-07-01: First online publication.