A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

MS. Rawl. liturg. d. 3

Summary Catalogue no.: 15848


Gradual, Use of Sarum

Made up from different contemporary parts: temporale from Easter Sunday onwards (fol. 1); votive masses of the Virgin (fol. 42); mass of the dead (fol. 45); Credo (fol. 46); kyriale with troped kyrie (fol. 49), Gloria (fol. 58), Sanctus (fol. 64v), Agnus dei (fol. 66v); proses of Our Lady (fol. 68v), three of which (Mater ora filium, Virgo pudicitiae, Salve virgo tonantis) are for 3 voices; common of the dedication (fol. 73); sanctorale (fol. 75v); common of the saints (fol. 93).

On fol. 111v are 2 almost contemporary Sarum synodal statutes, mentioning the council of Exeter and the observance of feast days. On the paper fly leaf (fol. 112v) is a 15th cent. addition (Fac cum vocante somno) written in square notation 'per me Iohannem Rows curatum de Radeford'.

Two leaves missing after fol. 91.

Language(s): Latin

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment
Extent: ii + 111 + iii fol.
Dimensions (leaf): 250 × 170 mm.


1–2 columns.

Musical Notation:

Square notation on staves of 4 red lines. Polyphonic settings on fols. 71r-72v.

Fols. 1–48 on 11 staves, 185 × 130 mm.

Fols. 49–72 on 10 staves, 185 × 120 mm.

Fols. 73–97 on 2 columns of 10–11 staves, 180–5 × 120 mm.

Fol. 112v, square notation.


Good borders, historiated initials (defaced). (Pächt and Alexander iii. 496)

fol. 1r, initial R, Resurrection (Christ holding staff with cross, steps out of the tomb (defaced); soldiers asleep on the ground); grotesques.

fol. 16v, initial U, Apostles watching the Ascension of Christ (badly rubbed). Dragon's body and crowned half-figure, playing harp (King David (?)), form the descender of the letter.

fol. 19r, initial S, Pentecost (dove descends on the Virgin Mary and apostles; defaced). Dragon's body forms the descender of the letter and border in the lower margin.

fol. 22r, initial B, Christ enthroned (rubbed). Hybrid figure (dragon's body and human half-figure holding a club) forms the descender of the letter and border in the lower margin.


Origin: 13th century, end; addition, 15th century ; English

Provenance and Acquisition

Richard Rawlinson, 1690–1755

Bequeathed by him to the Bodleian.

Record Sources

Adapted (2018) from S. J. P. Van Dijk, Handlist of the Latin Liturgical Manuscripts in the Bodleian Library Oxford Vol. 1: Mass Books (part A), vol. 2: Office Books (part B) (typescript, 1957), Pächt and Alexander, and the Summary Catalogue (1895); with additional description of decoration by Elizabeth Solopova, c. 2000.

Digital Images

Digital Bodleian (2 images from 35mm slides)


Last Substantive Revision

2017-07-01: First online publication.