A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

MS. Don. e. 253

Summary Catalogue no.: Not in SC (late accession)

Prayer book; ca. 1500–1520, Bavaria

Contents

Summary of Contents: Collection of German prayers, most likely copied for a lay patron. In all 110 items, some of which forms sets. The following list of contents is selective.

Language(s): Central Bavarian, probably from the area between Augsburg and Salzburg.

1. (fols. 1r-1v)
Prayer to the Trinity
"Ein loblich gepet uon der heyligen driualtigkait dar inn der mensch vnderweist wirt Got zu loben:"
Incipit: O Heylige driualtigkait O ware ainigkait. O du heilige vnd gotliche Mayestat
2. (fols. 1v-2v)
Prayer to Christ
"Hie nach volget ain Andechtigs gepet dem menschen heilsam vnd nucz an leib vnd an sele zu sprechen zu ihesu christo:"
Incipit: O herr allmächtiger got huymlischer vater lass erscheinen in mein hercz das liecht deiner parmherczigkait
3. (fols. 3r-3v)
Morning prayer
"Das gepet sprich So du des margens frue auf gestanden pist mit andacht vnd fleis:"
Incipit: O Lieber herr ihesu criste: Ich danck dir heut deiner götlichen genaden das du mich behüet hast edi enacht vor leiplichen vnd geystlichen vällen
6-14. (fols. 5r-11v)
Prayers at Mass
Incipit: O Schöpfer hymels vnd der erden küngi aller künig herr aller herren der du alle ding aus nichten geschaffen
18. (fols. 13v-14v)
Prayer for the Margrave of Baden, 1459
"Auf sand katherina tag des iars da man zalt von cristi gepurd Tausent cccc vnd im lix iar zů Montau in der stat hat der aller heiligist in Cristo vater vnd herr herr pius pabst der ander in seinem andern iar in gegenwurtigkait des durchleuchtigen fürsten vnd herren herr karls Marckgrauen zu paden vnd ettlicher seinen ratten Geben hundert tag ablas tödlicher schuld ain-ºnem ieden menschen als oft er das gepet zu trost allen gelaubigen selen spricht:"
Incipit: ERbarm dich got mein herr ůber alle selen die gegen dir nicht sunder piter haben vnd den kain trost ist in ir peinigung noch kain ander hoffnung dann si geschöpft seind nach deiner pildung vnd geleichnuss
19. (fol. 15r-v)
Johannes von Indersdorf, Prayer 4 from the Ebran-Gebetbuch
23-31. (fols. 18v-24v)
Johannes von Neumarkt, Times of the day for the Passion of Christ
62. (fols. 46v-52r)
Rosary of Our Lady
"Rosarium das ist der Rosenkrancz vnser lieben frauen der kunigin Junckfraun marie vnd sind funfczig Aue maria vnd funfczig artickel da sol man zu iedem artickel ain Aue maria sprechen vnd die artickel sind von vnsers herren leiden vnd sprich das gepet mit andacht vnd vmb wen den pitten pist des wirst du gewert:"
Incipit: IHesus christus denn du von dem heiligen geist durch den engel gabriel empfangen hast Amen: Aue maria Jhesus christus mit dem du schwanger
89-107. (fols. 64v-74r)
Prayers to All Saints, John the Baptist, John the Evangelist, Antony, Leonard, Christopher, George, Mary Magdalene, Barbara, Odile of Alsace, Catherine of Alexandria, Apollonia, the Holy Cross

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment.
Extent: 1 + 78 + leaves; one loose paper leaf.
Dimensions (leaf): 177 × 135 mm.

Collation

Collation of 1-78: 1–610, 74, 810, 94 (wants 2 or more leaves at the centre). Paper pastedowns, fols iv and [79]r/v are blank.

Layout

Ruled in ink, 18 long lines, ruled space 125 × 84 mm.

Hand(s)

Copied in a single late Gothic formal text hand, datable ca. 1500-1520. Extensive red headings, red (and occasionally blue) initial letters.

Decoration

Major initials are decorated with floral infilling in penwork.

Occasional human masks and cadelles in the upper margins; scribal pen-flourishing in the lower margins with abstract or floral patterns and masks.

Binding

Probably contemporary. Sewn onto two double thongs laced into wooden boards, covered with brown calf. Blind stamped and ruled (two floral stamps and one roll). The endleaves are those supplied by the binder, that at the front inscribed with a German prayer in a later sixteenth-century hand. Two copper-alloy clasps on leather straps closing on the upper board. Remains of paper labels on the spine suggest an early-modern institutional provenance, as yet unidentified.

History

Origin: ca. 1500-1520 One of a group of late-medieval German prayer-books associated with Augsburg and ; Central Bavaria, sharing numerous items in common. These include: Augsburg, UB, III.1.8º 54; III.1.8º 55; Munich, BSB, Cgm 140; Cgm 857.

Provenance and Acquisition

Charles E. Roseman, Jr. (1913–52).

Sotheby’s Western Manuscripts and Miniatures, London, 6 December 2005, pp. 54-55, lot 43 (with colour plate of fol. 1r). One of fifteen items of Roseman provenance. Sold to:

Nigel Palmer (1946–2022).

Bequeathed to the Bodleian Library, 2022.

Record Sources

Description by Nigel F. Palmer (University of Oxford) 2006.

Bibliography

Last Substantive Revision

2023-02-22: First online publication.