A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

MS. Don. e. 250

Summary Catalogue no.: Not in Summary Catalogue (late accession)

Devotional compilation; Western Germany, 15th century, middle or second half

Physical Description

Form: codex
Extent: 1 (medieval endleaf) + 159 (34 + 85 + 28 + 12) + 1 (medieval endleaf) leaves
Foliation: i, 1-161 in pencil by the Bodleian Library (2017); folio 161 is the lower (right) pastedown/wrapper; the upper (left) wrapper/pastedown is not foliated.

Collation

Mostly gatherings of twelve. A) i 10 (fols 1–10; fol. i is an added endleaf, its stub emerges at the end of the quire), ii–iii 12 (fols 11–34) | B) iv 12+1 (fols 35–47; fol. 43 is added, its stub emerges between fols 38 & 39), v–x 12 (fols 48–119) | C) xi–xii 12 (fols 120–143), xiii 12-8 (fols 144–147; most of the quire cut out, stubs emerge between fol. 147 & 148) | D) xiv 12 (fols 148–159; fol. 160 is an added endleaf, its stub emerges at the beginning of the quire). Catchwords in the fascicle A and B in the lower right-hand margins. Quire numerals in fascicle B in Arabic numerals in the lower right-hand margins of the recto pages.

Binding

Original German limp binding, s. xv. Primary link-stitch sewing on a rigid back plate and thick supporting strips of tawed leather through a cover of parchment and a charter (see item 2; further description by Andrew Honey in this volume). Folded parchment sewing guards throughout the quires protect the paper leaves from tearing. The lower cover extends to a fore-edge flap closing with a metal loop and hook clasp that is sewn onto the cover together with a charter (see item 1) and held down by heart-shaped leather patches. The fascicles A–D are originally independent codicological entities. Remaining threads from quire tackets can be seen between fols 41 & 41. The short title on the spine (‘Concord. EV. M.S.’) is probably a later addition since it only refers to the first line of the manuscript on fol. 1r.

History

Provenance and Acquisition

Strasbourg Charterhouse, possibly until its dissolution in 1591, ownership mark on the upper endleaf (fol. ir): ‘Hic libellus spectat ad domum montis beate Marie virginis ordinis carthusiensis prope Argentinam’. The charter used for the pastedown mentions Trier. The fascicles B and C contain watermarks that could also refer to Trier.

‘139’ in blue pencil on the upper (left) pastedown.

Maurice Burrus (1882–1959), Alsace industrialist, tobacco magnate, benefactor and collector.

Christie's, 25 May 2016, lot 25.

Purchased by the Bodleian Library in honour of Nigel F. Palmer.

MS. Don. e. 250 - flap support

Contents

Language(s): Latin

Charter

Fragment of a charter, parchment, sewn on the fore-edge flap together with the loop of the clasp. Several lines of Latin text in German gothic cursiva, s. xiv/xv, by as single hand, worn and hardly legible. Mentioned are the city Trier (‘treuer[...]’), a prior Hermann (‘hermannus prior’), and a sister Catherine (‘nobis in christo sorori katherine de [?]’). The following toponym is illegible due to wear and a hole in the parchment.

Physical Description

Form: sheet
Support: parchment

Hand(s)

Gothic cursive.

History

Origin: 14th century, late, or 15th century, early ; Germany

MS. Don. e. 250 - upper and lower pastedown

Contents

Language(s): Latin

Charter

Fragment of a charter, parchment, frame-ruling in hardpoint. German gothic cursiva, dated 1399 at Ehrenbreitstein, by a single hand, worn and stained. It mentions a ‘Wernherus dei gracia sanctae treverensis ecclesiae […]’, possibly the archbishop of Trier, Werner von Falkenstein (1355–1418), a ‘Johann(is) Scholar(is)’, and a ‘Walcam Archicancellarius’.

Physical Description

Form: sheet
Support: parchment

Hand(s)

Gothic cursive.

History

Origin: 1399 ; Germany

MS. Don. e. 250 - upper endleaf, fol. i

Contents

Language(s): Latin

Ownership mark of the Strasbourg Charterhouse on fol. i r, see provenance. Summary of contents on fol. i v: ‘Incipit meditacio passionis dominice / in hoc opere presupponitur textus ewangelistarum ipsius passionis domini necnon articuli 56 \65/ eiusdem dominice passionis quos oportet meditantem similiter in suis locis diligenter ruminare’.

Physical Description

Support: Paper, folded in octavo. Watermark, upper part of a bull's head (different from part A)

MS. Don. e. 250 - part A (fols. 1-34)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

4. (fols 1r–15v)
Gospel harmony of the Passion of Christ for the liturgical hours
Rubric: Concordancia Ewangelystarum. De passione domini
Incipit: Appropinquante passionis tempore et iam habito consilio inter principes sacerdotum cum Iuda
Explicit: Illi autem abeuntes munierunt sepulchrum signantes lapidem cum custodibus. Deo gracias etc
5. (fols 16r–32v)
⟨JORDAN OF QUEDLINBURG⟩, ⟨Meditationes de passione Christi alias Articuli LXV de passione Domini cum theorematibus et documentis⟩

Excerpts, consisting of the 'orationes' only of the 65 sections, numbered in arabic in the margin, sometimes followed by an additional prayer for the same occasion.

For the author see 2VL, IV (1983), cols 853–861; for the transmission of the text see A. Zumkeller, Manuskripte von Werken der Autoren des Augustiner-Eremitenordens in mitteleuropäischen Bibliotheken, pp. 293–298).

Rubric: Ad primum completorium
Incipit: Domine ihesu criste fili dei viui qui hora completorij pro me misero peccatore imminente passione tua tristarj pauere et mestus esse voluisti
Explicit: et ego tibi consepultus peruenire tecum merear ad resurrectionis gloriam. Amen
6. (fols 32v–34v)
Prayers
(fol. 32v–33r)
Rubric: Oracio ad wlnera cristi
Incipit: Exaltabo te domine qui suscepisti me O Solutifera wlnera dulcissimi amatoris mei ihesu cristi
Explicit: miserere mei famuli Johannis et omnibus peccatoribus cunctisque fidelibus tam viuis quam defunctis da mysericordiam graciam et peccatorum remissionem et vitam eternam Amen’
(fols. 33r-34r)
Rubric: Oracio pro conclusione tocius sequitur
Incipit: Gracias tibi ago domine deus pater omnipotens conditor celi et terre et omnium que celi ambitu gementur
Explicit: ineffabili pietate propritiatus indulge per cristum dominum nostrum
(fol. 34v)
Rubric: Oracio bona contra nequam spiritus libidinis
Incipit: Domine deus omnipotens misericors et miserator spes desperatorum et destitutorum adiutorum recordare mei
Explicit: Te enim desidero et te adoro patrem et filium et spiritum sanctum nunc et semper et in secula seculorum Amen

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Paper folded in octavo. Watermark: bull’s head (upper part: fols 3, 11 & 25; lower part: fols 1, 12, 13, 16 & 28), Piccard VII 233–498 (1440–1504).
Dimensions (leaf): 145 × 105 mm.

Layout

No ruling.

Scribe 1, 1 col., 16 lines; written space c. 100 × 70 mm.

Scribe 2, 1 col., c. 18-19 lines; written space c. 110 × 70 mm.

Hand(s)

Cursive (bastarda). Two main hands, fols. 1r-32v and (a later hand) 32v-34v.

Decoration

Penwork frogspawn decoration on two initials (fols 1r and 16r).

(fols 1r–32v) One- to four-line initials in red marking text segments. (fols 32v–33r) Simple one- to two-line initials.

(fols 1r–32v) Red headings. The names of the Evangelists in red, Jesus’ name always underlined in red in the gospel harmony. Majuscules at the beginning of phrases stroked in red. (fols 32v–33r) A red heading, one heading and one passage underlined in red.

History

Origin: 15th century, middle or second half ; German, west

MS. Don. e. 250 - part B (fols. 35-119)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

7. (fols 35r–36v)
Rubric: Modus Meditandi ihesus Memoriale passionis dominice
Incipit: Sedule mediteris eius passionem et infigar cordi tuo sicut ipse iugiter licet et fert infixa wlnerum
Explicit: graciarum plenitudinem / et a cunctis malis imminentibus securam protectionem
8. (fols 36v–38r)
⟨LUDOLPH OF SAXONY⟩, ⟨Vita Jesu Christi⟩

Excerpt; ed. L. M. Rigollot, Vita Jesu Christi ex Evangelio et approbatis ab Ecclesia Catholica doctoribus sedule collecta, here IV.462f (II.58.7–11); the text differs significantly from Rigollot’s; for the author see 2VL, V (1986), cols 967–977).

Rubric: Meditacio uel Cogitacio […]
Incipit: Ab hora capcionis de nocte qua hora tamquam latro cum facibus et armis capiebatur
Explicit: (fol. 38r) vt sic per tuam nimiam importunitatem a sua misericordiam impetres quod intendis.
Incipit: (fol. 38r; ) [II.58.11, ed. IV.465] Sex sunt modi exercicii circa passionem domini
Explicit: (fol. 39r) quam lacrimose inferni supplicia cristus nobis auferendis passus est quod graciosa celi gaudia nobis conferendis hec etc. pertulit
Final rubric: Expliciunt imperatoria ihesu cristi
9. (fols 39v–116r)
JORDAN OF QUEDLINBURG, ⟨Meditationes de passione Christi alias Articuli LXV de passione Domini cum theorematibus et documentis⟩ (abbreviation / paraphrase?)

For bibliographical details see above; the text here with many differences from the printed editions, as illustrated by the selections from the third article given below.

Rubric: Hora completorij[sic] primi
Incipit: Sedete hic donec oremus
Rubric: (fol. 43r) 3us. Vendicio Christi
Incipit: Hec iniciebatur feria quarta precedenti dum Iudas dixit Iudeis, quid wltis mihi dare etc. […] Docemur primo ne et nos vendamus Christum […] 2o quod parati simus pati vituperia et vilipendia pro Christo […] 3o docemur nos vendere pro regno celorum
Incipit: (fol. 43v) In recolendo hunc articulum recogita vilitatem tuam quia vix valoris es unius oboli […] 2o cogita an ne unquam et tu Christum vendideris […] 3o cogita quia Christus adhuc venalis est
Explicit: (fol. 113v) consepeliat eciam seipsum in eodem sepulchro cum Ihesu et ruminet documenta et supradicta, dicens Ihesu qui in monumento nouo sepeliri lamentari et custodiri voluisti, da mihi etc.

Followed by a series of related short texts:

(fols. 113v-114r)
Rubric: Nota pro religiosis

On Christ's tomb as an image of the religious life.

(fols. 114r-115r)
Incipit: Nunc autem recogita qualiter dominus deus tuus septem horis predictis per te passus sit
(fols. 115r-v)
Incipit: Appropinquante autem noctis termino Johannes ammonet […] Tu quoque contemplando hiis exerciaris [sic for experiaris(?)]

Short meditation on Mary's visit to the tomb, in general cf. Ludolf of Saxony, Vita Christi II.66.15 (ed. cit. IV.635-6)

Rubric: (fol. 116r) De plagis wlnere cristi
Incipit: Nota quod ut recitat Iordanus in primo theorematum passionis ihesu cristi plage suorum wlnerum quinque milia quadringenta septuaginta quinque […] Iordanus in suis theorematibus totum flagellacionem recipit pro vno articulo Et vnum spinarum puncturus similiter pro vno articulo et tali modo omnes partes passionis cristi reducit ad articulos lxv

(fols 116v–119v) blank.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Paper, folded in octavo. Watermark bell (upper part: fols 38, 42, 54, 61, 68, 74, 84, 102, 104 & 115; lower part: fols 42, 51, 55, 64, 71, 80, 89, 91, 94, 98, 100 & 103), nearly identical with Wasserzeichen-Informationssystem DE8280-Hs.1166.468_33 (xv med, Trier?).
Dimensions (leaf): 150 × 110 mm.

Layout

Vertical lines achieved by folding to separate the margins. 1 col., c. 22-24 lines; written space variable, typically 125-30 × 80-90 mm.

Hand(s)

Cursive (bastarda). Text, numeration, frequent corrections and marginal comments by one hand, maniculae on fols 41v, 70v, 92v, 97r, 99v, 105r, 108v, 109r & 111v.

Decoration

Extensive use of rubrication. Paragraph marks, virgules, and line fillers in red. Headings, nomina sacra, and quire numerals underlined in red. Majuscules stroked in red. Some passages vertically highlighted in red. Some maniculae (see script) also in red. All executed by the scribe.

History

Origin: 15th century, middle or second half ; German, west

MS. Don. e. 250 - part C (fols. 120-147)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

10. (fols 120r–147r)
BONAVENTURA, Lignum vitae Ed.: A. Lauer, Doctoris seraphici S. Bonaventurae opera omnia, VIII, pp. 68–86; for the author see 2VL, I (1979), 937–947.
Rubric: Incipit tractatus de ligno vite editus a fratre Bonaventura duce et generali magistro fratrum minorum cardinali episcopi tituli Albanensis et sacre theologie doctore eximio
Incipit: Christo confixus sum cruci Verus dei cultor Christique discipulus
Explicit: patre et spiritu sancto omnis sit honor et gloria et graciarum actio decus et imperium per infinita secula seculorum. Amen.
Final rubric: Explicit liber et tractatus magistri Bonuentura magistri generalis ordinis Minorum etc.
(fol 147v) blank.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Paper, folded in octavo. Watermark, coat of arms (fols 126 & 135), nearly identical with Piccard-Online DE4500-PO-24772 (Forbach, 1454) & DE4500-PO-24776 (Trier, 1458).
Dimensions (leaf): 150 × 110 mm.

Layout

Frame ruling in hardpoint, fols 120v–121r

Frame ruling in lead, fols. 144v–147r.

1 col., c. 22-24 lines; written space c. 100-5 × 75 mm.

Hand(s)

Cursive (bastarda). Main text by one hand, occasional corrections, probably by the same hand.

Decoration

Two- to eight-line initials.

Incipit, explicit, and paragraph marks in red. Headings and Jesus’ name underlined in red. Majuscules and minuscules at the beginning of phrases stroked in red.

History

Origin: 15th century, middle or second half ; German, west

MS. Don. e. 250 - part D (fols. 148-159)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

11. (fols 148r–149v)
Rubric: Caritas ad proximum
Incipit: In caritatis exhibitione tenentem proximo quatuor subsidia ministerie Primum est superiorum
Explicit: Oportet nos proinde in eundem affectum transire ut quomodo deus omnia voluit esse propter semetipsum nos Nec nosipsos nec aliud aliquid fuisse uel esse velimus nisi eque propter ipsum
12. (fol. 149v)
Rubric: Pro attencione habenda in diuinis laudibus
Incipit: In oracione sunt tria nominanda videlicet principium medium et finem. Principum est cor orantis
Explicit: ipsa nobis grata cara atque apud animum nostrum extrahenda significatus
13. (fols 150r–159r)
⟨ADAM OF DRYBURGH⟩, ⟨Liber de Exercitio Cellae⟩

Excerpts: ed. PL 153, 799-884 (as Guigo II)

Rubric: Nota pro carthusiensibus pulchra extracta ex tractatu de quadripartito celle exercitu ipsius ordinis carthusiensis
Incipit: Moyses ad pharaonem Nec vngulam in egippto permittatis ex omnibus que ad sacrificium deum necessaria sunt
Explicit: fluens et ad cunctorum edificacionis fructum egrediens eciam singularum mentium diuinorum irrigat et correbant qui secum conmoramur et conuersantur
(fols 152v–159r)
Rubric: Sequitur quatuor exercicia carthusienses seu cellitarum
Incipit: Iste fluuius procedens de loco voluptatis ad irrigandum paradisum dividitur in quatuor capita hoc est in quatuor exercicia sancte religionis
Explicit: ad iaculatas oraciones in operando docet recurrere
(fol. 159v)
Rubric: Ex tractatu de visione
Incipit: Beatus thomas de aquino dicit quod Tremor beatorum spirituum concussio / non est tranquillitas sed […] Idem nulla creata pura statu vie […] Idem facultas videndi deum non competit
Explicit: Desiderantem patulum ad suscepcione beate desiderati

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Paper, folded in octavo. Watermarks: scales (upper part: fols. 148, 153, 154 & 159; lower part: fols 151 & 152), Piccard IV 101–222 (1428–51).
Dimensions (leaf): 150 × 110 mm.

Layout

No ruling. 1 col., 23 lines; written space c. 110-5 × 70 mm.

Hand(s)

Cursive (bastarda). Main text and occasional corrections by one hand.

Decoration

Headings, paragraph marks, and marginal comments in red. Certain words and phrases underlined in red. Majuscules stroked in red.

History

Origin: 15th century, middle or second half ; German, west

MS. Don. e. 250 - lower endleaf, fol. 160

Contents

Language(s): Latin and German

14.
(fol. 160r) blank.

Unidentified Latin-German text by a single hand on fol. 160v: ‘[…] dulcedo spiritus sine est clauis [Considera] das mynneclich inkeren [zu above in as alternative reading] in den willen sins himmelschen vatters / Die hiczigen trehe […] pro me / das anedehtige Innig gebett das als starck was das sich alle sine kreffe von vßen vnd ynne sich zu grunde liessende dum dixit quoniam fiat volutas tua das sich selber geben gancz dich mir In cora re (?) dixit / Item die fruht suis lydens in cruce / lauabor […]’.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Paper, folded in octavo. Watermark, part of an anchor, Piccard II or III 1–132.

History

Origin: 15th century, middle or second half ; German, west (?)

Additional Information

Record Sources

Adapted (Sept. 2021) with minor corrections and additions from a description by Jonas Hermann, 2017; see Oxford German Studies 2017/2.

Digital Images

Digital Bodleian (full digital facsimile)

Bibliography

Last Substantive Revision

2021-09: Matthew Holford: encoded description by Jonas Hermann.