A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

Merton College MS. 18

Former shelfmark: B. 2. 6

PATRISTICA ET THEOLOGICA; S. XIV in., XIII

Contents

ff. i-ii, 1 blank.

Physical Description

Three originally independent books, brought together during s. xiv.
Secundo Folio: (f. 3) -tas cum uenerit
Form: codex
Extent: 235 leaves (ii + 233)
Dimensions (leaf): 340 × 240 mm.
The edges savagely retrimmed with loss of writing in three margins, and spattered with red.

Collation

A4(4 canc.), 1-212, 310, 4-912, 1016, 11-1412, 1512(7-12 canc.) / 16-1912, 206(lacks 4), B4(1 canc.); catchwords.

Hand(s)

The same small neat anglicana hand annotates all parts of the book, I and III heavily; another annotates II only.

Binding

Standard Merton s. xvii, sewn on six bands; formerly chained from the usual position. ff. i-ii, 1 and 231-3 are of thick, stiff parchment. The outermost leaves were pastedowns in an earlier binding with wooden boards. At the foot of f. 233v is the mark of a brass chain-staple. Near the foot of f. 230 (the last leaf of quire 21) are the marks of the large iron chain-staple.

History

Provenance and Acquisition

At the head of f. 123v, written with a stylus, ‘Iste .x. pecie 9 originalium uendantur pro viii sol’’. On f. 230v ‘Caucio ⟨magistri Iohannis de Re⟩nham exposita in cista de Roburi pro ⟨...⟩ | in die Mercurii proxima post festum sancte Agathe anno domini MCCCXLVI’, and other erased cautio notes, including ‘⟨Caucio Iohannis ?Wordeham ... / millesimo CCC ... ⟩’, and ‘⟨Supplementum ... magistris I. de Renham et Rich’ de Byllingham⟩’. John Reynham (BRUO 1570-1), fellow 1335-58, was chancellor of Oxford University 1361-3, d. 1376. Billingham (BRUO 188-9) was fellow in 1344, still in 1361, the latest date at which he is known to have lived. At the head of f. 2, cropped by the binder, is ‘Liber domus ⟨scolarium de Merton’ in Oxon’ ex legato Magistri Iohannis Raynham sacre pagine professoris⟩ uniuersitatis Oxon’ et quondam socii eiusdem domus cuius anime propicietur Deus Amen.’ On f. 1v is a table of contents and ‘N. 2. 6. Art:’, s. xvii. The same hand writes the same shelf-mark inside the front board, where it is canc. and replaced with ‘B. 2. 6 (XVIII)’ in red. A sheet of paper has another table of contents, s. xvii, canc. with a cross-reference to that on f. 1v. The College bookplate.

Merton College MS. 18 - Part I

Contents

Language(s): Latin

1. (fol. 2rv)
Augustine, Serm. 128. 7-12
Rubric: Incipit liber beati Augustini de penitencia anime
Incipit: Quotquot spiritu Dei aguntur
Explicit: sub tali suscitatore
Final rubric: Explicit ...

PL 38. 718-20; Bloomfield 5087.

2. (fols. 2v-5)
Augustine, Sermo de Tempore Barbarico
Rubric: Incipit liber beati Augustini de penitencia
Incipit: Admonet Dominus Deus noster non debere negligere nostra peccata
Explicit: in eterna tabernacula amen
Final rubric: Ex liber ...

PL 40. 699-708.

3. (fols. 5-6v)
Augustine, De Eleemosyna (Serm. 61)
Rubric: Excitacio fidelis anime ad elemosinam faciendam a beato Augustino edita in rogacionibus
Incipit: In lectione sancti euangelii hortatus est nos Dominus ad orandum
Explicit: arborum fructus queruntur
Final rubric: Explicit sermo beati Augustini de elemosina

PL 38. 409-14.

4. (fols. 6v-7)
Jerome, Tractatus de Obedientia
Rubric: Incipit libellus beati Augustini de humilitate et hobediencia
Incipit: Nichil sic Deo placet
Explicit: qui habet aures audiendi audiat in Christo Iesu D. n.
Final rubric: Explicit liber...

CPL 605; PL 40. 1221-4; Stegmüller, Bibl. 3312; Lambert 240; Römer 1. 137-8; Bloomfield 3212.

5. (fols. 7-8v)
Patrick of Dublin, De Triplici Tabernaculo
Rubric: Incipit liber beati Augustini de gaudio electorum et supplicio dampnatorum
Incipit: Tria sunt sub omnipotentis Dei manu habitacula
Explicit: benignum et misericordem cui ...
Final rubric: Explicit ...

Ed. A. Gwynn (Scriptores Latini Hiberniae 1: Dublin, 1955), pp. 106-25.

6. (fols. 8v-9)
Augustine, De Opere Monachorum (abbrev.)
Rubric: Incipit libellus beati Augustini de opere monachorum
Incipit: Nouimus monachos in quandam sanctam ciuitatem
Explicit: uel inueniendo precipiendis
Final rubric: Explicit ...

The full text CPL 305; CSEL 41 (1900), pp. 529-96.

7. (fols. 9-11v)
Augustine, De Disciplina Christiana
Rubric: Incipit Augustinus de disciplina Christianorum
Incipit: Locutus est ad nos sermo Dei
Explicit: Conuersi ad Dominum amen
Final rubric: Explicit ...

CPL 310; CCSL 46 (1969), pp. 205-24.

8. (fols. 11v-12)
Isidore, Synonyma
Rubric: Incipit dialogus hominis plangentis et racionis consolantis secundum eundem Augustinum Aureliensem episcopum.Hic introducuntur persone duorum deflentis hominis scilicet et amonentis rationis.
Incipit: Homo. Anima mea in angustiis est
Explicit: (2. 39) Si ceciderit inimicus tuus non debes letari quia cito poteris et tu cadere in eodem periculo
Final rubric: Explicit ...

PL 83. 827-54B; Bloomfield 0417, 2351.

9. (fols. 12-15v)
Ps.-Augustine, De Visitatione Infirmorum
Rubric: Incipit libellus sancti Augustini de uisitatione infirmorum et qualiter sacerdos se debeat continere erga infirmum et quomodo eum instruat qui moriendus est
Incipit: Visitacionis gratia Nepoti meo k. morienti extremum ualedicturus hesterna die processi
Explicit: ad Deum iustificatus ab Ipso qui ...
Final rubric: Explicit ...

PL 40. 1147-58.

10. (fols. 15v-19v)
Paschasius Radbertus, Epistola ad Fredegardum
Rubric: Paschasius de corpore Christi
Incipit: Dilectissimo fratri et commilitoni Fredugardo Paschasius senex
Incipit: Relictis litteris tuis
Explicit: amaritudinem absinthii animo proponat

CCSL cont. med. 16 (1969), pp. 145-73.

11. (fols. 19v-27v)
Paschasius Radbertus, De Corpore et Sanguine Domini ad Placidum
Rubric: Versus Paschasii de corpore et sanguine Domini
Incipit: Regis adire sacre qui uis solempnia mense
Incipit: Dilectissimo filio et uicem Christi possidenti magistro ...; Quisque
Explicit: catholicorum recte Domini cuncta creasse de nichilo corde credit ... quantocius uenire ualeamus
Final rubric: Explicit liber de corpore et sanguine Domini

CCSL cont. med. 16 (1969), pp. 1-131.

12. (fols. 27v-35)
Ivo of Chartres, Sermones de Sacramentis
Rubric: De sacramentis. (Added later Liber Pascasii).
Incipit: Quoniam populus ad fidem uocatus
Explicit: cum gaudio rationem reddant
Incipit: Quia Christianam miliciam in baptismate professi estis
Explicit: de die in diem proficiat
Incipit: Quia saunctitas ministerii saunctitatem expetit
Explicit: ad utilitatem audiencium sufficiunt
Incipit: Beneficia que pro saluandorum reconciliacione
Explicit: multos et forcium deridet spolia
Final rubric: Explicit ...

Serms. 1-3, 5. PL 162. 505-12, 513-19, 519-27, 535-40B.

13. (fols. 35-71v)
Thomas Gallus (of Vercelli), Compendium of Ps.-Dionysius
Rubric: Incipit liber Dionisii de diuinis nominibus
Incipit: Domine Dominus noster quam admirabile est nomen tuum non solum mirabile sed admirabile
Incipit: Continentia primi capituli de diuinis nominibus
Incipit: (f. 52v De Hierarch. Celest.) Cum in libris magni Dionisii
Incipit: Omne bonum datum naturalium et omne donum naturam perficiens
Incipit: (f. 63 De Hierarch. Eccl.) O Thimothee quam pluribus causis
Explicit: diuini ignis agendam scintillas

The complete work ed. P. Chevallier, Dionysiaca (Paris, 1937-49), pp. 673-717, 1043-66; Glorieux, Théol. 116a-c.

14. (fols. 72-8v)
Augustine, De Videndo Deo (Epist. 147)
Rubric: Incipit liber Sancti Augustini ad Paulinam de uidendo Deo
Incipit: ⟨M⟩emor debiti quod ex tua peticione et mea promissione
Explicit: quid disputare ualeamus
Final rubric: Explicit ...

PL 33. 597-622.

15. (fols. 78v-9)
Augustine, Epist. 92
Rubric: Incipit epistola eiusdem ad Ytalicam de eodem
Incipit: ⟨D⟩omine eximie et merito prestantissime atque in Christi caritate honorande
Explicit: Non solum litteris tuis ... sermone melior explicare
Final rubric: Explicit ...

PL 33. 318–20.

16. (fols. 79-80v)
Augustine, Serm. 391
Rubric: Incipit sermo eiusdem ad iuuenes
Incipit: ⟨A⟩d uos mihi sermo est O iuuenes
Explicit: ad canos iuuentutis sapientiam
Final rubric:

PL 39. 1706-9.

17. (fols. 80v-1)
Anselm, Epistola de Sacramentis Ecclesiae
Rubric: Epistola de sacramentis ecclesie ad eundem Menbergensem episcopum
Incipit: ⟨D⟩omino et amico Valerano gratia Dei Menburgensum uenerabili episcopi
Incipit: Gaudeo et gratias ago Deo
Explicit: olim quandam epistolam

SAO 2. 239-42.

18. (fols. 81-2)
Anselm, Deploratio Virginitatis Male Amissae (Meditatio II)
Rubric: De amissione uirginitatis
Incipit: ⟨A⟩nima mea anima erumpnosa
Explicit: quoniam in eternum misericordia tua qui es benedictus in secula amen

SAO 3. 80-1.

19. (fols. 82-3v)
Augustine, Epist. 127
Rubric: Incipit epistola Sancti Augustini episcopi ad Armentarium et ad Paulinam de reddendo uoto
Incipit: ⟨D⟩ominis eximiis merito honorabilibus
Incipit: Vir egregius filius meus Rufferinus
Explicit: honorabiles et desiderabiles

PL 33. 483-7.

20. (fols. 83v-5v)
Augustine, Serm. 180
Rubric: Sermo Sancti Augustini de periurio
Incipit: ⟨P⟩rima lectio que nobis hodie recitata est apostoli Iacobi oblata nobis est
Explicit: conuersi ad Dominum

PL 38. 972-9.

21. (fols. 85v-90)
Augustine, De Immortalitate Animae
Rubric: Aurelii Augustini doctoris egregii episcopi de immortalitate anime liber incipit
Incipit: ⟨S⟩i alicubi est disciplina
Explicit: de quo dictum est probatur

CPL 256; CSEL 89 (1986), pp. 99-128.

22. (fols. 90rv)
Augustine, Serm. 346
Rubric: Sermo de timore Domini
Incipit: ⟨R⟩ecordamini uobiscum, d. f. dixisse apostolum
Explicit: nisi ante sanentur

PL 39. 1522-4.

23. (fols. 90v-103v)
Augustine, De Spiritu et Littera
Rubric: Aurelii Augustini doctoris de spiritu et littera liber incipit
Incipit: ⟨L⟩ectis opusculis que ad te nuper elaboraui
Explicit: dedit illi et retribuetur ei quoniam ex Ipso et in Ipso ...

CPL 343; CSEL 60 (1913), pp. 153-229.

24. (fols. 103v-5)
Augustine, De Natura Boni

Preceded by the relevant extract from Retract

Rubric: Incipit liber Beati Augustini de natura summi boni
Incipit: ⟨L⟩iber de natura summi boni aduersus Manicheos est ubi ostenditur naturam incommutabilem Deum
Incipit: ⟨S⟩ummum bonum quo superius nichil est
Explicit: nos continendo

CPL 323; CSEL 25, 2 (1892), pp. 853-89.

25. (fol. 105rv)
Ps.-Augustine, De Creatione Primi Hominis
Rubric: Incipit liber Sancti Augustini in qualiter homo ad ymaginem et similitudinem Dei factus est
Incipit: ⟨Q⟩uanta dignitas humane condicionis
Explicit: in secundo reformauit amen

PL 40. 1213-14. The common excerpt from De Spiritu et Anima.

26. (fols. 105v-11)
Ps.-Augustine (Quodvultdeus), Contra Iudaeos, Paganos et Arianos
Rubric: Incipit expositio simboli Sancti Augustini episcopi contra Iudeos paganos Arrianos et hereticos
Incipit: ⟨I⟩nter pressuras atque angustias presentis temporis
Explicit: quoniam eam uiri suimplet [sic for sui implet] caritas, Ipse est enim qui ...

CPL 404; PL 42. 1117-30.

27. (fols. 111-18)
Augustine, De Bono Coniugali
Rubric: Incipit liber Beati Augustini de bono coniugali
Incipit: ⟨Q⟩oniam unusquisque homo humani generis pars est
Explicit: coniuges uel patres fuerunt amen

CPL 299; CSEL 41 (1900), pp. 185-231.

28. (fols. 118-23; 123v blank)
Augustine, De Ordine I
Rubric: Aurelii Augustini doctoris egregii incipit primus liber de ordine.
Incipit: ⟨D⟩e ordine rerum Zenobi consequi ac tenere
Explicit: negocium meum amen

CPL 255; CCSL 29 (1970), pp. 87-137.

Physical Description

Layout

Ruled with crayon in 2 cols of 60 lines. Written space 265 × 140 mm.

Hand(s)

Two gothic rotunda bookhands, changing at f. 79va line 5; probably neither is English.

Decoration

Plain red or blue initials and paraphs, ceasing after art. 12.

History

Origin: s. xiv in.

Merton College MS. 18 - Part II

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 124-77; 177v blank.)
Postills on 2 Tim., Titus, Philemon, Hebr., Eph.
Rubric: Incipit argumentum in secundam epistolam ad Timotheum
Incipit: Item Timotheo scribit ...; Secundum aliquos de carcere s. secundum alios non est littera
Incipit: In isto argumento tanguntur quatuor cause sequentis epistole
Incipit: ⟨P⟩aulus &c. Hugo. Epistola dicitur ab epi que est supra et stolon missus
Explicit: uel que dixi uerba sunt
Final rubric: Explicit secunda epistola ad Timotheum.
Incipit: (f. 131)Titum commonefacit ...; In isto tanguntur quattuor cause sequentis epistole
Incipit: Paulus &c. Hugo. Epistola diuiditur in 3. partes, in salutacionem narracionem et condicionem
Explicit: prebere noluisset.
Rubric: (f. 135) ⟨P⟩hilemoni familiares litteras
Incipit: In hoc argumento epistole sequenti premisso tanguntur 4
Incipit: [P]aulus uinctus &c. Hugo. Epistola Pauli ad Philemonem habet 3 partes scilicet prohemium
Explicit: preesse nescit
Incipit: (f. 136) ⟨I⟩n primis dicendum est &c. Circa hunc prologum epistole subsequenti premissum sunt inquirende 4. cause sequentis epistole
Incipit: ⟨M⟩ultiphariam in epistolis precedentibus posuit apostolus informacionem
Explicit: et aliis adoptauit
Incipit: (f. 165) ⟨E⟩phesi sunt Asiani &c. Apostolus isti epistolis sicut aliis argumentum premittit
Incipit: Paulus apostolus &c. Incipit epistola Pauli ad Ephesios que principali diuisione in 3 diuiditur
Explicit: amen quod interpretatur fiat ut dixi
Final rubric: Explicit epistola ad Ephesianos

Not in Stegmüller, Bibl.

Physical Description

Layout

Ruled with pencil in 2 cols of 60 lines; written space 290 × 165 mm.

Hand(s)

An English gothic rotunda bookhand, of similar appearance to those in I.

History

Origin: s. xiv in. ; England

Merton College 18 - Part III

Contents

Language(s): Latin

30. (fols. 178-228v)
Rabanus Maurus, Commentary on Matthew

Capitula

Incipit: ⟨C⟩um post ascensionem Domini Spiritus Sanctus corda discipulorum illustrasset
Incipit: ⟨L⟩iber generationis Iesu Christi. In ipso exordio satis ostendit Matheus
Explicit: in morte ipsius baptizati sumus et cetera

PL 107. 727-1156; Stegmüller, Bibl. 7060. At the foot of f. 178 ‘Introitus secundum modernos’ in an anglicana hand, c. 1300. At the head is ‘Postilla Rabani super Matth: 29’, s. xvii.

31. (fol. 228v; 229-30, 231-3v blank.)
Burgundio of Pisa, prol. to his translation of John Chrysostom, Homilies on John
Rubric: ⟨I⟩ncipit prologus Burgundionis iudicis in commentatione Iohannis Crisostomi supra euangelium sancti Iohannis euuangeliste
Incipit: Omnibus in Christo fidelibus fratribus Burgundio iudex ciuis Pisanus
Incipit: ⟨C⟩um Constantinopoli pro negociis publicis patrie mee
Explicit: (ends impf.) non permittit. Immo scru’.

ed. P. Classen, ‘Burgundio von Pisa’, Sitzungsberichte der Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften, phil.-hist. Klasse (1974), 4 Abh., pp. 84-5 line 45; Stegmüller, Bibl. 4355.

On f. 230v is a long table of contents, s. xiv, ending with the penultimate art.

Physical Description

Layout

Ruled with crayon in 2 cols of 70 lines. Written space 260 × 180 mm. .

Hand(s)

A small, neat early gothic bookhand.

Decoration

Red paraphs and underlining.

History

Origin: s. xiii

Additional Information

Record Sources

R. M. Thomson, A descriptive catalogue of the medieval manuscripts of Merton College, Oxford (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer), 2009.

Availability

For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact Merton College Library.

Bibliography

    Coxe, pp. 14-16; Powicke, no. 350; Römer 2. 301.