A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

Merton College MS. 19

Former shelfmark: B. 2. 7

ANSELM, AUGUSTINE; S. XIV

Contents

Language(s): Latin

On f. 1 is a long table of contents, s. xv.

1. (fols. 2-4)
Anselm, De Veritate
Rubric: Incipit prefacio Anselmi Cantuariensis archiepiscopi in librum de ueritate
Incipit: Tres tractatus pertinentes ad studium sacre scripture quondam feci
Incipit: Quoniam Deum ueritatem esse credimus
Explicit: ueritas uel rectitudo
Final rubric: Explicit de ueritate tractatus

SAO 1. 173-99.

2. (fols. 4-5v)
Anselm, De Libertate Arbitrii
Rubric: Incipit capitula de libero arbitrio
Incipit: Quoniam liberum arbitrium uidetur repugnare gratie
Explicit: de illis interrogare
Final rubric: Explicit ...

SAO 1. 207-26.

3. (fols. 5v-9v)
Anselm, De Casu Diaboli
Rubric: Incipiunt capitula de casu diaboli
Incipit: Illud apostoli Quid hec quod non accepisti
Explicit: et uti potestate loquendi

SAO 1. 233-76.

4. (fols. 9v-12v)
Anselm, De Conceptu Virginali
Rubric: Incipit liber
Incipit: Cum in omnibus religiose tue uoluntati uelim
Explicit: si uera probari poterit

SAO 2. 139-73.

5. (fols. 12v-20)
Anselm, Cur Deus Homo
Rubric: Incipit prefacio cur Deus homo
Incipit: Opus subditum propter quosdam
Incipit: Sepe et studiosissime a multis rogatus
Explicit: Deo non uobis a tribulatione debemus, qui ...

SAO 2. 37-133.

6. (fols. 20-2v)
Anselm, De Incarnatione Verbi
Rubric: Liber Anselmi archiepiscopi de incarnacione uerbi
Incipit: Domino et patri uniuerse ecclesie in terra peregrinantis
Explicit: in eodem libello aperte inuenire
Final rubric: Explicit ...

SAO 1. 277-90, 2. 1-35.

7. (fols. 22v-9v)
Anselm, Monologion
Rubric: Incipit epistola Sancti Anselmi ad Lanfrancum archiepiscopum Cantuariensem
Incipit: Reuerendo et amando suo domino et patri
Incipit: Quoniam agenda sunt omnia consilio
Incipit: Quidam fratres sepe me studioseque precati sunt
Incipit: Si quis unam naturam summam omnium
Explicit: ineffabiliter trinus et unus
Final rubric: Explicit monologion

SAO 1. 13-87.

8. (fols. 29v-31)
Anselm, Proslogion
Rubric: Incipit prefacio in Proslogion eiusdem
Incipit: Postquam opusculum quoddam uelud exemplari meditandi
Incipit: Eia nunc homuncio
Explicit: in gaudium Domini mei qui ...
Final rubric:

SAO 1. 93-122.

9. (fols. 31-5)
Anselm, De Processione Spiritus Sancti
Rubric: Incipit liber beati Anselmi Cantuariensis archiepiscopi de processione Spiritus Sancti
Incipit: Negatur a Grecis
Explicit: non sensui latinitatis
Final rubric: Explicit ...

SAO 2. 175-219.

10. (fols. 35-6)
Anselm, De Sacrificio Azymi et Fermentati
Rubric: Incipit epistola de sacrificio azimi et fermentati
Incipit: Anselmus seruus ecclesie Cantuariensis Walerano Membergi episcopo
Explicit: repudiendum indicatur

SAO 2. 221-32.

11. (fols. 36-8)
Anselm, De Sacramentis Ecclesiae
Rubric: Epistola de sacramentis ecclesie ad eundem Memburgensem episcopum
Incipit: Domino et amico Walerano
Incipit: Ve tribus illis generationibus
Explicit: quod fecit non fecisset

SAO 2. 239-42.

12. (fols. 38-40)
Anselm, De Concordia Praescientiae et Praedestinationis
Incipit: Restat nunc ut de gratia et eodem libero arbitrio eadem gratia adiuuante consideremus
Explicit: gratis nolui petentibus inpendere

SAO 2. 245-88.

13. (fols. 40-1v)
Anselm, Epistolae
Incipit: Dilecto dilectus amico amicus fratri frater Lanzoni Anselmus
Incipit: Dominis amicis fratribus karissimis Odoni et Lanzoni frater Anselmus Beccensis uita peccator
Incipit: A. Dei dispositione uocatus archiepiscopus domine et matri reuerende abbatisse E. et sancte congregationi illi commisse
Incipit: Dominoque patri reuerendo episcopo Parisiensi G. frater A. Dei disponentis omnia dispositione electus
Incipit: Dulcissimo et dilectissimo suo dilectori episcopo Beluacense C. fr. Anselmus eterna Dei protectione et consolacione

Epist. 37, 2 (ending as BL Harl. 203 and others; see F. S. Schmitt RB 8 [1931], 225]), 183, 161, 160.

14. (fols. 41v-3)
Ivo of Chartres, Epistola ad Seuerinum
Rubric: Incipit liber Anselmi de caritate
Incipit: Cogit me instancia tue caritatis
Incipit: O Maria uirtus caritas que uocas
Explicit: quam seipso et quam seipsum. Et hic de hiis sufficiant

ed. G. Dumeige (Paris, 1955), pp. 45-87.

15. (fols. 43-5v)
‘De corpore Christi’
Rubric: Incipit liber Anselmi de corpore Christi
Incipit: Primum quidem quid hoc sacrificii corpus appelletis
Explicit: que uestram animam reficit

Also in Oxford, Magdalen Coll. lat. 56, ff. 116–20v, BnF lat. 2375, ff. 127–34v.

16. (fols. 45v-6; 46v blank)
Ps.-ANSELM, Epist. 4. 107
Rubric: Incipit liber uenerabilis Anselmi de sanguine et corpore Christi
Incipit: Nota quod humana natura in anima et in corpore
Explicit: transfundi in sanguinem

PL 159. 255-8.

17. (fols. 47-58v)
De Similitudinibus
Rubric: Incipit liber Anselmi Cantuariensis archiepiscopi de similitudinibus
Incipit: Voluntas tripliciter intelligitur
Explicit: (no. 192) ne nobis noceant in quantum uolunt
Final rubric: Explicit ...

PL 159. 605-702.

18. (fols. 58v-60v)
Anselm, De Grammatico
Rubric: Incipit liber Anselmi Cantuariensis archiepiscopi de grammatico
Incipit: De grammatico peto ut me certum facias
Explicit: hoc profecisse non negabis

SAO 1. 145-68.

19. (fols. 60v-3)
Eadmer, De Conceptione Beatae Virginis
Incipit: Principium quo salus mundi processit
Explicit: hominem genuisse amen

PL 159. 301-18; Sharpe, Handlist , pp. 104-5.

20. (fols. 63-5v)
Eadmer, De Excellentia B. V. M
Incipit: Supereminentem omnium
Explicit: iugi de nomine famuleretur, qui ...

PL 159. 557-80.

21. (fols. 65v-7)
Anselm, Contra Insipientem
Rubric: Incipit Anselmus contra insipientem dicentem non esse Deus
Incipit: Ergo domine qui das fidei intellectum
Explicit: non maliuolentia reprehendisti

SAO 1. 130-9.

22. (fols. 67-77v)
Anselm, Meditationes and Orationes

Together with other prayers, some drawn from liturgical sources

Rubric: Incipit prologus in meditacionibus Beati Anselmi. Oraciones siue meditaciones qui subscripte sunt...

In the order prol., Med. 1–2, ‘Deus piissime Deus clemens et misericors’ , Orat. 1–2, 5–7, ‘Domine Iesu Christe qui es uerus agnus’ , ‘Domine Iesu Christe qui in hunc mundum propter peccatores … et hic et in futuro seculo amen’ (beg. as PL 101. 476), ‘Obsecro te angelice spiritus cui ego ad prouidendum commissus sum … tuo interuentu merear letari prestante …’ (Wilmart, Auteurs spirituels, p. 542), Orat. 8–10, ‘Sancte et pie Andrea ad pietatis tui ianuam sedet et clamat’ , Orat. 11, 13–16, 18–19, 4, Med. 3, ‘Ante conspectu diuine maiestatis tue Domine Deus … saluator mundi qui cum …’ (PL 101. 1408), ‘Ante oculos tuos Domine Deus conscientie testis assisto … ut per penitentie laborem uita eterna perfrui merear in celis per te …’ (cf. PL 78. 248), ‘Si tamen Domine reatum inter delinquencie cogitamus deputatum’ , ‘Deus qui de indignis dignos et de peccatoribus iustos … macula peccata pontifex I. C. Filius tuus Deus noster’ (PL 78. 247; Wilmart, Auteurs spirituels, p. 118 n. 51), ‘Domine Iesu Christe qui Patre disponente’ , ‘Domine Deus qui es magnus et admirabilis’ , ‘Domine Iesu Christe Fili Dei uiui … participatione mereamur qui …’ (PL 101. 1399), ‘Gracias tibi ago Domine sancte Pater omnipotens eterne Deus … salus fiat in eternum amen’ (cf. PL 101. 490), ‘Domine Deus misericors da cordi meo te desiderare’ , ‘Deus misericors misericordia mea oro per dilectum Filium’ , ‘Ad te Deus misericors et creator meus’ , ‘Ad te lacrimabiliter ingemisco’ , ‘Da nobis omnipotens Deus uelle cogitare’ , ‘Domine Deus pater omnipotens sensuum illuminator’ , ‘Deus qui es lux uera illuminans corda fidelium’ , ‘Deus cuius oculi respiciunt uias hominum’ , ‘Miserator et misericors Deus magnus et terribilis’ , ‘Domine Deus omnipotens qui es trinus et unus … et societate angelorum tuorum me perseuerare facias qui …’ (cf. PL 138. 1308, Wilmart, Auteurs spirituels, pp. 573–7), ‘Sedens itaque in claustro tuo uel in cella tuo recogita in amaritudine anime tue … post uermem omni puluere abiectior, uilior fidior et fetidior puluis’ , GUIGO OF CHARTREUX, Liber de Exercitio Cellae, c. 19 (PL 153. 832–4), ‘Ad ea uero quibus renouacionis tui existat … ad anulos aureos spectat.’ id., c. 24 (841–2).

23. (fols. 78-90; 90v blank)
Augustine, De Peccatorum Meritis et Remissione

Preceded by the relevant extract from Retract.

Incipit: Quamuis in mediis et magnis curarum estibus
Explicit: (ending in iii.4) testimoniis de quibus dubitare

CPL 342; CSEL 60 (1913), pp. 1-151.

24. (fols. 91-8v)
Augustine, Enchiridion
Incipit: Dici non potest dilectissime fili Laurenti
Explicit: et spe et caritate scripsi
Final rubric: Explicit Enchiridion

CPL 295; CCSL 46 (1969), pp. 49-114.

25. (fols. 99-101)
Augustine, De Poenitentia (Serm. 351)
Incipit: Quoniam sit utilis et necessaria penitencie medicina
Explicit: mors eterna uitatur

PL 39. 1535-49.

26. (fol. 101)
Ps.-AUGUSTINE, De Poenitentia (Serm. 393)
Incipit: Penitentes penitentes penitentes
Explicit: dimitte incertum et tene certum
Final rubric: Explicit liber sancti Augustini de predestinacione sanctorum

PL 39. 1713-15.

27. (fols. 101-4)
Ps.-Augustine, De Vera et Falsa Poenitentia
Incipit: Quantum sit appetenda gratia penitencie
Explicit: in odorem suauitatis amen
Final rubric: Explicit liber beati Augustini de uera et falsa penitencia

PL 40. 1113-30; Bloomfield 4419.

28. (fols. 104v-9v)
Augustine, De Praedestinatione Sanctorum
Incipit: ⟨D⟩ixisse apostolum simus in epistola ad Philipenses
Explicit: ne offendat unius nimia longitudo
Final rubric: Explicit liber sancti Augustini de predestinacione sanctorum

CPL 354; PL 44. 959-92.

29. (fols. 109v-10v)
Gennadius, De Ecclesiasticis Dogmatibus
Incipit: Credimus unum Deum esse patrem et filium et spiritum sanctum
Explicit: in eternitate similitudinem inuenire
Final rubric: Explicit

CPL 958 or 958a; ed. C. H. Turner, JTS 7 (1906), 78-99, 8 (1907), 103-14.

30. (fols. 110v-15v)
Fulgentius, De Fide ad Petrum
Incipit: Epistolam filie Petre tue caritatis accipiam
Explicit: (c. 44) illi Deus reuelauit

CPL 826; PL 40. 753–78.

31. (fols. 115v-17v)
Augustine, De Immortalitate Animae
Incipit: Si alicubi est disciplina
Explicit: dictum est probatum

CPL 256; CSEL 89 (1986), pp. 99-128.

32. (fols. 117v-20)
Augustine, De Duabus Animabus
Incipit: Opitulante Dei misericordia
Explicit: (c. 24) magis credere cogeremur

CPL 317; CSEL 25, 1 (1891), pp. 49-79 line 26.

33. (fols. 120-4)
Ps.-Augustine, De Spiritu et Anima
Rubric: Incipit liber Augustini de spiritu et anima
Incipit: Quoniam dictum est michi ut me ipsum cognoscam
Explicit: (c. 33) non sit quam ratio

PL 40. 779–803. Very many copies end at the same point.

34. (fols. 124-31v)
Augustine, De Vera Religione

Preceded by the relevant extract from Retract.

Incipit: Cum omnis uite ac beate uia in uera religione sit constituta
Explicit: et quo fruentes beate uiuimus unum Deum ex quo ..

CPL 264; CCSL 32 (1962), pp. 187-260.

35. (fols. 131v-67)
Augustine, De Genesi ad Litteram
Rubric: Incipit liber beati Augustini qui grece dicitur exameron super Genesim aliteram et sunt libri duodecim
Incipit: Omnis diuina scriptura bipertita est
Explicit: tandem fine concludimus
Final rubric: Explicit liber Augustini super Genesin ad litteram

CPL 266; CSEL 28, 1 (1894), pp. 1-435.

36. (fols. 167-79v)
Augustine, De Octoginta Tribus Quaestionibus
Incipit: Omne uerum a ueritate uerum est
Explicit: (q. 79) per Spiritum Sanctum qui datus est nobis

CPL 289; CCSL 44A (1975), pp. 1-231.

37. (fols. 179v-81v)
Augustine, De Quantitate Animae
Incipit: Quoniam uideo te habundare ocio
Explicit: sed etiam me ipsum oportuniorem reseruabo &c

CPL 257; CSEL 89 (1986), pp. 129-231.

38. (fols. 181-3)
Ps.-Augustine, Hypomnesticon,

bk. 6

Incipit: Addere etiam hoc quam maxime huic opera
Explicit: gratiam predestinacionis indebitam prerogare.Amen

CPL 381; ed. J. E. Chisholm (2 vols, Paradosis 20-1: Fribourg, 1967, 1980), II, pp. 191-208. Bk. 6 often occurs separately, as here and MS 1 art. 12: Römer 1. 102-4.

39. (fols. 183-9)
Ps.-AUGUSTINE (PROSPER), De Vera Innocentia
Incipit: Innocentia est uera que nec sibi nec alteri nocet
Explicit: si temporum respexeris
Final rubric: Explicit. Amen

CPL 525; CCSL 68A (1972), pp. 257-365.

40. (fol. 189r-v)
Augustine, De Symbolo (Serm. 215)
Incipit: Sacrosancti misterii simbolum
Explicit: et sanctam ecclesiam catholicam apprehendere ualeatis in qua dicitur Pater et Filius unus Deus cui ..

PL 38. 1072-6.

41. (fols. 189v-90v)
Augustine, De Decem Plagis (Serm. app. 21)
Incipit: Non est sine causa d. quod preceptorum legis Dei
Explicit: ad terram repromissionis poteritis peruenire auxiliante Domino nostro I. C. qui ....

PL 39. 1783-6.

42. (fols. 190v-1)
Augustine, De Cura pro Mortuis Gerenda
Incipit: Diu sanctitati tue coepiscope uenerande
Explicit: (c 18) peto rescriptis tuis nouerim

CPL 307; CSEL 41 (1900), pp. 619-60.

43. (fols. 191-206v)
Augustine, De Libero Arbitrio
Incipit: Dic michi queso utrum Deus non sit auctor mali
Explicit: disputacione requiescere aliquando compellit

CPL 260; CCSL 29 (1970), pp. 205-321.

44. (fols. 206v-19v)
Augustine, Liber Retractationum
Incipit: Iamdudum facere cognito atque dispono
Explicit: alios a me dictos retractare cepissem

CPL 250; CCSL 57 (1974).

45. (fols. 219v-23v)
Augustine, Ad Inquisitiones Ianuarii (Epist. 54, 55)

Preceded by the relevant extract from Retract.

Incipit: Ad ea que me interrogasti
Explicit: daturam atque lecturam Explicit

CSEL 34 (1895-8), pp. 158-213.

46. (fols. 223v-5)
Augustine, De Disciplina Christiana
Incipit: Locutus est ad nos sermo Dei
Explicit: sumus conuersi ad Dominum Amen

CPL 310; CCSL 46 (1969), pp. 205-24.

47. (fols. 225-40v)
Augustine, De Doctrina Christiana

Preceded by the relevant extract from Retract.

Incipit: Sum presepta quedam tractandarum scripturarum
Explicit: quantulacunque potui facultate disserui

CPL 263; CCSL 32 (1962), pp. 1-167.

48. (fols. 240v-3)
Augustine, De Agone Christiana
Incipit: Coranatorie [sic for corona glorie] non promittitur nisi certantibus
Explicit: coronam uictorie mereamur

CPL 296; CSEL 41 (1900), pp. 99-138.

49. (fols. 243-7; 247v blank)
Ps.-Augustine (Augustinus Hibernicus), De Mirabilibus Sacrae Scripturae (recens. breuior)

Capitula

Incipit: Omnium mirabilium uelud principale fundamentum Deus instituit
Explicit: de ecclesia retrahere monstraretur et ceteri. Huius exempli castigarentur.

CPL 1123; PL 35. 2149-2200.

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: (f. 3) Cum uero peccans
Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Extent: 251 leaves (ii + 249)
Dimensions (leaf): 360 × 235 mm.
Dimensions (written): 265-80 × 160-70 mm.
The edges retrimmed and spattered with red.

Collation

a singleton, 1-312, 412 (10-12 canc.) / 5-612, 712(8-12 canc.) / 812(+ 1 after 12) / 910(9-10 canc.) / 10-1512, 166, 17-2112, 2212(12 canc.); catchwords framed in red; leaf numbers and quire-signatures of the usual late medieval form; the quires numbered at the beginning in pencil and at both ends in ink (much of this is cropped).

Layout

Ruled with crayon in 2 cols of 75-8 lines.

Hand(s)

Several similar English gothic rotunda bookhands. At least one of them prolongs ornamental ascenders into the upper margin.

Decoration

Red and blue flourished initials; blue initials flourished in red; red or blue paraphs. Occasional red or blue initials and red highlighting.

Binding

standard Merton s. xvii, rebacked and repaired by Maltby; sewn on five bands; formerly chained from the usual position. ff. i, 248-9 are modern blanks. f. ii is a paper leaf from the binding of s. xvii, from a copy of Felinus Sandeus, Commentaria super titulo de iudiciis, pr. Lyons 1499 (Hain 14319). f. 1 has marks of straps at head, foot and of two at the foredge.

History

Origin: S. XIV ; England

Provenance and Acquisition

Given to the College by William Reed in 1374: UO49. 80. On f. 1v, all in the same hand (Pl. 30), ‘Liber Willelmi Reed prepositi Wynghammensis quem habuit per escambium pro alio libro cum M. Willelmo Lyneham quondam socio domus de Merton’. Oretis igitur pro utroque’; ‘Originalia diuersa Anselmi et Augustini’; ‘Liber domus scolarium de Merton’ in Oxon’ in communi libraria eiusdem et ad usum communem sociorum ibidem studencium cathenandus. Ex dono uenerabilis patris domini Willelmi tercii episcopi Cicestrie. Oretis igitur pro eodem et benefactoribus eiusdem ac fidelium animabus a purgatorio liberandis. Walterus Roberti.’; ‘Oretis igitur, si placet, pro Waltero Roberti, scriba uenerabilis patris predicti, qui suprascriptos titulos et titulos aliorum 99 librorum per dictum patrem ut premittitur eidem domui datorum ad emendacionem librarie eius inscripsit, et circa eosdem libros et alios quam plures per diuersa collegia Uniuersitatis Oxon’ per ipsum uenerabilem patrem distributos diligenter insudauit.’ For Reed, fellow from 1344 until at least 1357, d. 1385, see MS 8. Lyneham (BRUO 1193) was fellow in 1330, until 1349, d. by Jul. 1361. Inside the front board are paper sheets with two tables of contents, s. xvii. On the board itself is ‘N. 2. 7. Art:’, canc. and replaced with ‘B. 2. 7 (XIX)’ in red. The College bookplate. ‘7’ is inked on the foredge.

Record Sources

R. M. Thomson, A descriptive catalogue of the medieval manuscripts of Merton College, Oxford (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer), 2009.

Availability

For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact Merton College Library.

Bibliography

    Coxe, pp. 16-17; Powicke, no. 530; Römer 2. 301-2.