A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

Merton College MS. 22

Former shelfmark: B. 2. 10



Language(s): Latin

On fol. 1v is a table of contents, s. xiv, with annotations of ss. xv and xvi. The order is arts 1–3 (‘tamen defecit’), 7, 14–15, 8 (‘est tamen transpositus’), 9–12, 4–6.

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: (fol. 3) ad plurimos
Three originally separate volumes, together by s. xiv2
Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Extent: 201 leaves
Dimensions (leaf): 330 × 230 mm.
The edges retrimmed and stained yellow


a bifolium (1 pasted down), 1–412, 512(+ a bifolium after 4) / 6–1112 / 128 (+ 1 before 1), 138, 148 (lacks 2–3, 6–7), 15–168, 178(6–7 canc.) / 1812, 194, a bifolium, 208(lacks 1, 8; 7 pasted down); catchwords and leaf-numbers. Leaves and quires were lost and disordered by the time of the present binding: the original order of II was fols. 64–111, one or more quires lost, 191–4, 179, 195–6, 180–90, 112–36, 197–9. The first leaf of quire 12 was originally the first of quire 20. Quire 17 may originally have consisted of 10 leaves, given that art. 7 ends impf. at the end of the fourth leaf. Quire 19 was apparently originally of 8 leaves, lacking 3–6, and preceded 18. The bifolium after quire 19 was apparently originally sewn into quire 18 after 1.


s. xv (doubtless commissioned by Burbage; see below), tawed skin, repaired, over cushion-bevelled wooden boards with slightly projecting squares, the remains of an overcover; sewn on four bands; plain headband; two straps from recesses in the front board to catches at the rear. The mark of a brass chain-staple on the front board near the foot of the foredge, of another on the rear board, near the top of the foredge. Near the foot of the rear board is the mark of the large brass chain-staple (Pl. 23a). On the rear pastedown and last few leaves are marks from a chain-staple of similar form but in a slightly different position, and of iron. The rear pastedown must have been free when the brass chain-staple was fitted.


Provenance and Acquisition

On fol. 1 is ‘m’ or ‘iii’.

Across the head of fol. 63v is a thoroughly erased inscription.

At the head of fol. 2, s. xiv ex., ‘Liber domus scolarium de Merton’ in Oxon’ ex legato Magistri Iohannis Raynham sacre pagine professoris et quondam socii eiusdem domus cuius anime propicietur Deus amen.’ For John Reynham, see MS 18. He may have been responsible for putting the three originally separate books together.

On fol. 1v, s. xv ex., ‘Istum librum fecit reparari magister Iohannes Burbage sacre pagine professor’. For Burbage, see MS 3.

At the head of fol. 1 is the James no. ‘4’ (recte271), s. xvii in. On the front pastedown is a title and ‘N. 2. 10. Art:’ (repeated on fol. 1v), s. xvii, canc. and replaced with ‘B. 2. 10 (XXII)’, in red. The College bookplate. ‘10’ is inked on the foredge.

Merton College MS. 22 – Part I


Language(s): Latin

(fols. 2–57; 57v blank)
Augustine, De Trinitate

Preceded by the relevant extract from Retract., and Epist. 174 (‘ad Aurelium’)

Incipit: Lecturus hec que de Trinitate disserimus
Explicit: et tu ignosce et tui
Final rubric: Aurelii Augustini egregii doctoris de Trinitate liber quintus decimus explicit

CPL 329; CCSL 50, 50A (1968)

On ff. 58–60 is a long passage, to the foot of fol. 59v repeating the contents of fols. 52 to the first word of 54 (xv. 11–18, ‘hominem. De corde enim exeunt cogitaciones male ... concessum esse uera esse claruerunt’); the text on fol. 60 repeats fol. 56 col. a (xv. 25 ‘potest et in ea Trinitatem istam de qua multis modis ... experientia tam michi esse apparuit difficilis’). The whole is marked ‘uacat usque in finem’ by a later reader. It is followed by a note in the same hand ‘Quere residuum quod deficit hic in quinto folio sequente ad tale signum et ante istud signum nichil omnino deficit’, later canc. fols. 60v-3 blank.

Physical Description


Written space 265 × 170 mm. , ruled with crayon in 2 cols of 56 lines.


Expert gothic rotunda bookhand, probably French.


Books open with large red and blue flourished initials with partial borders; otherwise plain blue initials (probably intended to be flourished in red); red paraphs and running heads.


Origin: S. XIV1 ; France (?)

Merton College MS. 22 – Part II


Language(s): Latin

2. (fols. 64–106)
Augustine, Quaestiones in Heptateuchum
Incipit: ⟨C⟩um scripturas sanctas que appellantur canonice legendo
Explicit: nisi audiendo uel legendo discantur

CPL 270; CCSL 33 (1958), pp. 1–377.

3. (fols. 106–11v)
Augustine, Quaestiones Euangeliorum,

without the prol., preceded by 49 capitula

Incipit: ⟨C⟩um diceret nemo nouit Filium nisi Pater
Explicit: (ends impf. in 2. 48A) alter euangelistarum de uno tacuit

CPL 275; CCSL 44B (1980), pp. 1–113 line 7.

4. (fols. 112–23)
HUGH OF FOUILLOY, De Claustro Animae
Rubric: Prologus Hugonis in libris de claustro anime
Incipit: ⟨L⟩ocuturus k. de hiis que ad edificacionem claustri materialis pertinent
Explicit: (ending in 3. 9) tolle grabatum et ambula

Actually beg. with bk. 2. PL 176. 1051–1104C.

On f. 123rv is the beginning of HUGH OF ST VICTOR, Soliloquium de Arrha Animae, ‘Loquar secreto anime mee et amica confabulacione exigam ... te amore tuo dignum existimabas’. PL 176. 951–3D.

5. (fols. 123v-36v)
HUGH OF ST VICTOR, Didascalicon

Preceded by capitula

Incipit: (praef., edn. p. 2 line 9) ⟨D⟩ue precipue res sunt quibus quisque ad scientiam instruitur
Incipit: (1. 1) ⟨O⟩mnium expetendorum prima est sapientia in qua perfecti boni forma consistit
Explicit: primum a Persis uenit
Final rubric: Explicit didascolicon Hugonis de Sancto Victore

ed. C. Buttimer (Washington, DC, 1939); Goy, p. 21.

6. (fols. 136v, 197–9; 199v-201v blank.)
Rubric: Incipit sigillum sancte Marie
Incipit: ⟨D⟩icitis uos mirari cur euangelium Intrauit Ihesus in quoddam castellum et cantica in festiuitate sancte Marie recitantur
Explicit: (ends unfinished in c. 5) ex Patris ueritate O pulcherrima

PL 172. 496–509D; Stegmüller, Bibl. 3574.

For item 7, fols. 137–178, see part III

8. (fols. 179v-80v)
HUGH OF ST VICTOR, De Quinque Septenis
Rubric: Incipit liber H. de Septenis
Incipit: Quinque septena f. in sacra scriptura inueni
Explicit: memento mei
Final rubric: Gracia Dei tecum sit amen. Explicit liber Hugonis de v. septenis

ed. R. Baron, SChr 155 (1969), pp. 100–19; Goy, p. 377. At the foot of fol. 179v is ‘animus quere in tertio folio sequente.

9. (fols. 180v-1v.)
RALPH D’ESCURES, Sermon on Intrauit Iesus in quoddam castellum
Rubric: Incipit liber Anselmi Intrauit Iesus.
Incipit: ⟨I⟩ntrauit ...; Quod ad gloriosissimam uirginem Dei genetricem lectio ista perueniat
Explicit: participes sumus meritis et precibus eius per Iesum Christum Filium eius qui ...

Schneyer 5. 17; PL 95. 1505–6.

10. (fols. 181v-5v)
Eadmer, De Conceptione B. V. M
Rubric: Incipit tractatus Anselmi de concepcione beate Virginis
Incipit: ⟨P⟩rincipium quo salus mundo processit mihi considerare uolenti occurrit
Explicit: unum hominem genuisse amen

PL 159. 301–18.

11. (fols. 185–90v)
Eadmer, De Excellentia B. V. M
Rubric: De excellentia beate uirginis
Incipit: ⟨S⟩upereminentem omni quod post hominem Deum creatum est
Explicit: nostra iugi deuotione famuletur qui ...

PL 159. 557–80.

Arts 9–11 are 19–21 in Worcester Cath. F. 41 (s. xiv in., perhaps made at Oxford)

12. (fols. 190v, 112)
Anselm, Deploratio Virginitatis Male Amissae (Meditatio II)
Incipit: ⟨A⟩nima mea anima erumnosa
Explicit: quoniam in eternum misericordia tua qui es benedictus in secula amen

SAO 3. 80–1

13. (fols. 191rv)
Ps.-Augustine, De Duodecim Abusionibus
Incipit: ||(Beg. impf. in c. 8)buerat humilis apparens
Explicit: consuetudinis ligamur

CPL 1106; ed. S. Hellmann (Leipzig, 1909).

14. (fols. 191v-3)
HUGH OF ST VICTOR, De Virtute Orandi
Incipit: ⟨Q⟩uo studio et quo affectu a nobis orandi sit dicta
Explicit: ara cordis adoletur
Final rubric: Explicit Hugo de uirtute orandi

PL 176. 977–88; Goy, p. 425. Text is lacking due to the loss of probably two bifolia after fol. 192.

15. (fols. 193v-4v, 179rv, 195–6v)
HUGH OF ST VICTOR, Soliloquium de Arrha Animae
Rubric: Incipit Hugo de Arra anime
Incipit: Loquar secreto anime mee

... (fol. 179v; 962C) operante tamen utrobique caritate (fol. 195) olim cum non esses ...

Explicit: hoc totis precordiis concupisco

PL 176. 951–70; ed. K. Müller (Bonn, 1913); Goy, p. 308. At the end of the text on fol. 179v is ‘Olim Quere in folio sequente prin’’ over erasure. At the beginning of the text on fol. 195 is ‘Lege istud columpna precedente penultima ad signum †.’

Physical Description


Written space 260 × 180–95 mm. , ruled with pencil in 2 cols of 58 lines.




Unfilled spaces for coloured initials and rubrics; occasional red highlighting.


Origin: S. XIV1 ; England

Merton College MS. 22 – Part III


Language(s): Latin

(fols. 137–76v; 177–8 blank)
JOHN HALGRIN OF ABBEVILLE, Sermones de tempore
Incipit: ⟨C⟩um sacrosancta mater ecclesia premonstrante spiritu
Incipit: Cum descendisset Ihesus de monte ...; In hoc euuangelio leprosi nobis explicatur curatio
Explicit: (ends impf.) prima decima debatur sacerdoti

Schneyer 1–15 (16 gone due to the loss of a bifolium in quire 15, after fol. 153; another is gone after 155), 17–36. On fol. 178v, s. xiv, ‘vi. quaternie de exposicione Iohannis Abbeuile super epistolas dominicales et euuangelia’.

Physical Description


Written space 260 × 145 mm. , ruled with crayon in 2 cols of 36 lines.


Gothic quadrata bookhand, probably French.


Unfilled spaces for coloured initials and rubrics.


Origin: S. XIV1 ; France (?)

Additional Information

Record Sources

R. M. Thomson, A descriptive catalogue of the medieval manuscripts of Merton College, Oxford (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer), 2009.


For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact Merton College Library.


    Coxe, p. 19; Powicke, no. 345; Römer 2. 302–3; Alexander & Temple, no. 301.

Funding of Cataloguing

Conversion of the printed catalogue to TEI funded by the Warden and Fellows of Merton College .

Last Substantive Revision

2018-08-01: First online publication