A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

Merton College MS. 85

Former shelfmark: B. 1. 10

HUGH OF ST VICTOR, WILLIAM DE LAVICEA, PIERRE BERSUIRE &c.; S. XIII-XIV

Contents

Language(s): Latin

fols. i, ii blank. On fol. iv is a table of contents in the same hand (s. xiv) as that in MS 29, 180, 188, 277 and 314, probably John Reynham’s, including texts, now missing, which originally followed II: ‘De institucione nouiciorum | De sacramentis def | Tractatus Bradewardini de gracia | Seruius de metris | Centimetrum eiusdem | Theodorus de metris | Quedam tabula super bibliam [in another hand] Ista tabula aufertur.’ Against the title of art. 5 another hand has written ‘et est Tryvet’. Against the titles of arts 5 and 6 a different hand has written ‘Tabula doctoris Tryvet super allegorias libri Ouidii de transformatis secundum ordinem alphabeti’ and ‘Tryvet doctor sacre theologie super Ouidium in de transformatis.

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: sub se dominantibus
Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Extent: 162 leaves (ii + 160)
Dimensions (leaf): 300 × 220 mm.
The edges heavily retrimmed and stained red. Fols. i-ii are of thick, stiff parchment. Six original books, together early.

Collation

a bifolium, 1-312, 412(12 canc.) / 516 / 610, 714, 812, 912(12 canc.) / 1012, a bifolium / 11-1212, 1310(lacks 7-8, a quire of 4 inserted after 8); catchwords, mainly cropped.

Binding

Standard Merton s. xvii; sewn on five bands; formerly chained from the usual position. fol. i was a pastedown in an earlier binding. On fol. i are the marks of two foredge straps; at the foot of fol. 160, cropped by the binder, are the marks of the large iron chain-staple.

History

Provenance and Acquisition

On fol. iiv, s. xiv ex., ‘Liber domus scolarium de Merton’ in Oxon’ ex legato Magistri Iohannis Raynham sacre pagine professoris et quondam socii eiusdem domus cuius anime propicietur Deus Amen.’ For Reynham, d. 1376, see MS 18.

Inside the front board is a sheet of paper with contents, s. xvii. On the board itself is ‘N. 7. 5. Art:’, canc. and replaced with ‘B. 1. 10 (LXXXV)’ in red; the College bookplate. ‘5’ is inked on the foredge.

Merton College MS. 85 - Part I (fols. 1-47)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 1-47; 47v blank)
HUGH OF ST VICTOR, Commentary on Ps.-DIONYSIUS, De Hierarchia Celesti
Rubric: [A rubric badly smudged.]
Incipit: Iudei singna querunt ...; Fuit enim quedam sapientia que sapientia uidebatur
Incipit: Dyonisius Ariopagites ex philosopho Christianus effectus
Explicit: in quo sapientia transcendit sanctitas condescendit. Explicit.

PL 175. 923-1154; Goy, p. 190. The text is distinguished from the commentary by the use of the diple in red.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (written): 210-30 × 160 mm.

Layout

Ruled with pencil in 2 cols of 50-55 lines.

Hand(s)

Written in a formal French gothic rotunda bookhand using dark ink.

Decoration

The opening initial red and blue, flourished in the colours; red or blue initials flourished in the other colour; the diple in red, red highlighting and rubrication. After a while the decoration was omitted.

History

Origin: s. xiv

Merton College MS. 85 - Part II (fols. 48-63v)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 48-63v)
?STEPHEN OF LANGTON, De Nominibus Hebreorum
Incipit: Aaz apprehendens uel apprehensio
Explicit: Zuzim consiliantes eos uel consiliatores eorum.

unpr.; Stegmüller, Bibl. 1677, 1; 7708-9.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (written): 255 × 180 mm.

Layout

Ruled with pencil in 3 cols of 67-71 lines.

Hand(s)

Written in a small, neat early gothic bookhand, probably French.

Decoration

On fol. 48 a red and brown initial with a long marginal extension terminating in a comic king’s head; small red or brown initials, red and paraphs, all the decoration soon ceasing.

History

Origin: s. xiii

Merton College MS. 85 - Part III (fols. 64-110v)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

3. fols. 64-106v
WILLIAM DE LAVICEA OFM, Dieta Salutis
Rubric: Hic incipit liber qui uocatur uia uel dieta salutis.
Incipit: ⟨H⟩ec est uia ... Magnam misericordiam facit qui errantibus uiam ostendit
Explicit: de castitate et luxuria per contrarium. Explicit ...

ed. A. C. Peltier, S. Bonaventurae Opera Omnia (Paris 1864-71), VIII, pp. 247-347; Distelbrink 124; Bloomfield 2301.

4. (fols. 106v-9v; 110rv blank)
A subject-index to art. 3.
Incipit: Cecos ad Dominum dirigere misericordia est

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (written): 235-50 × 160 mm.

Layout

Frame-ruled with crayon in 2 cols, written in c. 40-5 lines.

Hand(s)

Written in anglicana of medium quality, using pale ink.

Decoration

Unfilled spaces for coloured initials and rubrics.

History

Origin: s. xiv

Merton College MS. 85 - Part IV (fols. 111-24v)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 111-23; 123-4v blank)
?JOHN THOMPSON OCarm, Alphabetical subject-index to art. 6.
Incipit: ⟨A⟩bbas a monacho ueneno occiditur libro 4 fabula 2
Explicit: Zona proprie inuenta transitum corer[sic] indicauit.

unpr.; Bloomfield 0040, this copy only; but it is also in BL Roy. 15 C. xvi, fols. 1-12v. Bale, Scriptores i. 489, attributed the work (‘Ex Triuetho de transformatis. lib. i. Abbas a monacho ueneno’) to Thompson on the basis of a MS belonging to the Carmelites of Norwich.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (written): 240-50 × 180 mm.

Layout

Frame-ruled with crayon, written in 2 cols of c. 65-70 lines.

Hand(s)

Written in anglicana of medium quality, using pale ink.

Decoration

Unfilled spaces for coloured initials and rubrics.

History

Origin: s. xiv

Merton College MS. 85 - Part V (fols. 125-54v)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 125-54v)
PIERRE BERSUIRE, Ovidius Moralizatus (Reductorium bk. 15)
Incipit: ⟨A⟩ ueritate quidem auditum auertent fabulas ante conuertentur
Explicit: propter te mortificamur tota die &c.

pr. Paris 1509 &c, as by Thomas of Wales; Glorieux, Théol. 322v (as possibly by John of Wales); Bloomfield 0025, 2603.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (written): 250 × 160 mm.

Layout

Frame-ruled with crayon in 2 cols, written in c. 60 lines.

Hand(s)

Written in anglicana of medium quality, using pale ink.

Decoration

Unfilled spaces for coloured initials and rubrics.

History

Origin: s. xiv

Merton College MS. 85 - Part VI (fols. 155-60v)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

7. (fols. 155-8)
Ps.-BONAVENTURE, De Septem Vitiis Capitalibus
Incipit: ⟨V⟩idi bestiam ascendentem ...; Bestia dicitur quasi uastia et significat dyabolum
Explicit: pulcritudo sine deformitate ad quam nos perducat Christus Dei Filius qui...
Final rubric: Explicit Viridiarium consolacionis.

unpr.; Bloomfield 6450, many titles and copies.

8. (fol. 158rv; 159-60v blank)
MAURILIUS OF ROUEN, Oratio
Rubric: Oracio sancti Maureli Rothomagensis archiepiscopi ad gloriosam uirginem.
Incipit: ⟨S⟩ingularis meriti sola sine exemplo mater et uirgo Maria
Explicit: et lauit sanguine suo I. C. d. n. qui ...
Rubric: Confiteri debet quoque christiane peccatum aggrauantes de quibus uersus:
Incipit: Aggrauat ordo locus peccata scientia tempus

[3 lines; WIC 680]

PL 158. 946-8, as by Anselm; attrib. Maurilius in BL Roy. 8 B. i, fol. 68v, and elsewhere, apparently correctly: Wilmart, Auteurs spirituels, pp. 480-1.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (written): 280 × 175 mm.

Layout

Ruled with crayon in 2 cols of 74 lines.

Hand(s)

Written in a similar hand to I.

Decoration

Unfilled spaces for coloured initials and rubrics.

History

Origin: s. xiv

Additional Information

Record Sources

R. M. Thomson, A descriptive catalogue of the medieval manuscripts of Merton College, Oxford (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer), 2009.

Availability

For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact Merton College Library.

Bibliography

    Coxe, p. 46; Powicke, no. 347.

Funding of Cataloguing

Conversion of the printed catalogue to TEI funded by the Warden and Fellows of Merton College .

Last Substantive Revision

2018-08-01: First online publication