A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

Merton College MS. 180

Former shelfmark: H. 1. 11

BEDE ON MARK; S. XII, XIII, XIV1

Contents

Language(s): Latin

On f. iii is a table of contents, s. xvii; fols. iiiv-ivv blank.

On f. 189 is a table of contents to the whole book in the same hand (s. xiv) as in MSS 29, 85, 188, and 314, reversing arts 9 and 10.

Fols. 189v-90v blank.

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: a minoribus
Secundo Folio: (f. 4) a profluuio
Two originally independent books, plus a series of booklets, single quires, and single leaves, together s. xiv2
Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Extent: 192 leaves (iv + 192)
Dimensions (leaf): 230 × 160 mm.
The edges savagely retrimmed with loss of text, and spattered with red.

Collation

Two bifolia, 1-68, 710, 86, 9-128 / 13-188 / 194(lacks 4) / 206(6 canc.), 218, 226 / 2312(12 canc.) / 246(lacks 4-6) / 2510(lacks 7-10), a bifolium. Quires 1-8 numbered at the end.

Binding

Standard Merton s. xvii, repaired, rebacked and resewn on three bands; formerly chained from the usual position. Fols. i-ii, 191-2 are modern paper blanks. f. 190 was once a pastedown.

History

Provenance and Acquisition

Near the head of f. 2v a 3-line inscription in red, apparently beg. ‘Liber’, has been thoroughly erased.

At the foot of f. 1 is ‘Liber domus scolarium de Merton’ in Oxon’ ex legato Magistro Ioh’ Raynham sacre pag[ine] professoris et quondam socii eiusdem domus.’ For Reynham, fellow 1335-58, d. 1376, see MS 18.

Inside the front board is another table of contents and ‘E. 5, 6’ (canc.), s. xvii, and ‘O. 7. 8. Art:’, canc. and replaced with ‘H. 1. 11 (CLXXX)’ in red; the College bookplate.

Merton College MS. 180 - Part I (fols. 1-98v)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(Fols. 1-2)
Incipit: Prefatio Bede presbiteri super ⟨Marcum⟩. Marcus euuangelista Domini Petri in baptismate filius
Explicit: qui autem incrementum prestat Deus est.

Followed, in another hand, by a series of extracts concerning Mark’s Gospel, ascr. Jerome and Bede; f. 2v blank.

PL 103. 279-80; Stegmüller, Bibl. 607.

(fols. 3-96v)
Bede, Commentary on Mark
Prologue
Incipit: Prologus domini Bede presbiteri in expositionem euuangelii Marci. In expositionem capitula euuangelii secundum Marcum opitulante ipsa euuangelica gratia scripturus
(fols. 3v-4v)
capitula
Incipit: Initium euuangelii Iesu Christi Filii Dei. Sicut scriptum est in Ysaya propheta conferendum est euuangelium Marci principium principio Mathei
Explicit: ut liberi contemplentur formam Domini.
Final rubric: (In a later hand) Explicit Beda super Marcum et continet quattuor libros.

CPL 1355; CCSL 120 (1960), pp. 431-648; Stegmüller, Bibl. 1613.

Followed by:

(a) f. 97rv verses on S. Agatha: ‘.’ WIC 18480, this copy only.
Incipit: Spem uelit ut celis infigere quisque fidelis
Explicit: Verba salutis ament Agathe preconia clamans
(b) f. 97v Verses on the three Marys (5 lines), WIC 19420, many copies.
Incipit: Tres tribus Anna uiris peperit Iudea Marias
(c) fols. 97v-8v Patristic extracts, attrib. ‘B.’, ‘R.’, and Gregorius.
Incipit: B. Albe uestes congruunt exaltationi
(d) f. 98v
Incipit: Claudianus. In breuibus nunquam sese probat eolus undis

6 lines. This is not Claudian.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (written): 190 × 140 mm.

Layout

Ruled with crayon in 2 cols of 30 lines, not pricked in the inner margins.

Hand(s)

Written in an English protogothic bookhand.

Decoration

Initials in 1-3 colours of blue, red, green and buff, some arabesqued. On f. 4v a 5-line I in gold.

History

Origin: s. xii 3/4 ; script of English appearance.

Merton College MS. 180 - Part II (fols. 99-146v)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 99-146v)
PETER LOMBARD, Sententiae(extracts)
Incipit: (I. 2. 1. 1) De misterio trinitatis et unitatis. Hec itaque uerba [sic] ac pia fide tenendum
Explicit: (II. 18. 3. 2) atque a culpis abluimur.

Most of the extracts are from bk. 4. The complete work ed. I. Brady (3 vols, Grottaferrata, 1971-81).

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (written): 180 × 115 mm.

Collation

Layout

Ruled with crayon in 24 long lines

Hand(s)

Written in a large English gothic rotunda bookhand

Decoration

Red or blue initials flourished in the other colour, red highlighting.

History

Origin: s. xiv ; script of English appearance.

Merton College MS. 180 - Part III (fols. 147-149v)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

3. (fol. 147rv)
Tract on the Incarnation
Incipit: Iohannes confitetur se non esse dignum soluere coragiam calciamenti Dominici
Explicit: ipse non interpellat in ipso.

This is evidently the end of a longer work. The table of contents on f. 189 calls it ‘Sermo de Petro et Paulo.’ Written in a small note-hand, undecorated.

4. (fols. 148v-9)
Arbor Consanguinitatis, glossed by VINCENTIUS HISPANUS
Incipit: ⟨A⟩ffinitas est propinquitas uel attinentia personarum
Explicit: per incaustum designet numerum legalem. Vincencius.

Schulte 1. 191-3.

Followed by verses on Joachim (20 lines), WIC 13239:

Incipit: Omnes sunt Ioachim sed non omnes sibi iuncti

ff. 148 and 149v are filled with sermon drafts in a rough note-hand, s. xiii, all edges cropped. On f. 148 the text is continuous. On 149v it is divided into sections, with headings ‘De diuersitate iusticie hic agitur’, ‘Thema de penitencia’, ‘Sermo in dedicatione ecclesie’, ‘De diuersitate misericordie’.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Extent: f. 147rv
Dimensions (written): 190 × 140 mm.
fols. 148v-9 ruled ad hoc. ff. 148v, 149v unformatted

Layout

Ruled with pencil in 2 cols of 54 lines.

History

Origin: s. xiii

Merton College MS. 180 - Part IV (fols. 150-165v)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

5. (fols. 150-9)
Homilies, Meditations and Prayers
5.1.
Incipit: Christum regem ascendentem in celum uenite adoremus. Odiernus dies est dies ille quo Christo [sic] celos ascendit
5.2.
Incipit: Estotes misericordes ... F. k. quia mundo quasi in peregrinatione sumus
5.3.
Incipit: Ascendens Christus in altum &c. Considerandum est nobis f. quis ascenderet
5.4.
Incipit: Ibat Iesus in ciuitate que uocatur Nain &c. Nain interpretatur commotio
5.5.
Incipit: Paulus ad Romanos. F. humanum dico propter infirmitatem carnis uestre. Quicumque in domo Dei constituitur et assignatum sibi officium non exsequitur inobediens
5.6.
Incipit: Terret me uita mea
ANSELM, Meditatio 1

SAO 3. 76-97.

5.7.
Incipit: Virgo munda uenerabilis inter humano generi amabilis femina
ANSELM, Orat. 6

SAO 3. 15-17.

5.8.
Incipit: Sancte et beate Iohannes altissime euuangelistarum Dei dilectissime apostolorum Dei
ANSELM, Orat. 11

SAO 3. 42-5.

5.9.
Incipit: Sancte Iohannes tu ille Iohannes unus de magnis apostolis Dei
ANSELM, Orat. 12

SAO 3. 45-9.

5.10.
Incipit: Sancte Stephane beate Stephane benigne Stephane fortis miles Christi
ANSELM, Orat. 13

SAO 3. 50-4.

5.11.
Incipit: Sancte et beate Augustine quoniam tam opulenta benedictione uirtutum superna gratia ditauit
ANSELM, Orat. 15 (but addressed to Benedict)

SAO 3. 61-7.

5.12.
Incipit: Peccator homuncule tu multum indigens
ANSELM, Orat. 14

SAO 3. 55-61.

5.13.
Incipit: Sancte Iohannes tu ille Iohannes qui Dominum baptizasti
ANSELM, Orat. 8

SAO 3. 26-9.

5.14.
Incipit: Sancte et benignissime pater fidelis pastor ouium Dei princeps apostolorum
ANSELM, Orat. 9

SAO 3. 30-3.

5.15.
Incipit: Sancte Paule tu magne Paule tu ille qui unus ex magnis apostolis Dei
ANSELM, Orat. 10

SAO 3. 33-41.

6. (fols. 159-62v)
ALEXANDER NEQUAM, Sermons

Nequam, Serms. (103-4), 2, 13, 11, as listed in Hunt, Nequam, pp. 23-4, 151-2.

6.1.
Incipit: Dominus ipse ueniet et saluabit me. Te aperientur oculi cecorum et aures surdorum
6.2.
Incipit: Dixit Iesus Petro Sequere me ...; Dominus Iesus Saluator noster sapientia Patris
6.3.
Incipit: Alexander in primo aduentu scolaribus Oxonie. Tu exurgens domine misereberis Sion ...; In Patre unitas in Filio equalitas in Spiritu Sancto unitatis equalitatisque connexio
6.4.
Incipit: Sermo in circumcisione Domini. Cum uenit plenitudo temporis ...; Post longam uatum seriem post tantam prophetarum et patriarcharum expectationem
6.5.
Incipit: Sermo de natiuitate Domini. Transeamus uersus Betleem ...; In ortu uere leticie. In natiuitate illius quiem uera leticia
(fols. 162v-5)
A tract or series of shorter pieces
Incipit: Quattuor sunt naturales affectiones. Timor spes gaudium dolor

Continuous text until f. 164v, ending ‘Virga misericordie parcit.’ Then shorter paragraphs of a similar type.

Arts 5-6 are annotated in a cursive hand of Continental appearance; this hand adds sermons on f. 165rv, between them shorter theological notes.:

Incipit: Ortus conclusus ...; In orto inutiles et noxie herbe eradicant
Incipit: Faciamus hominem ad ymaginem. Et si non filius Dei est pictor huius ymaginis

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (written): 170-95 × 120-30 mm.

Layout

Ruled with pencil in 2 cols of 42-9 lines.

Hand(s)

Written in a neat but informal English early gothic bookhand.

Arts 5-6 are annotated in a cursive hand of Continental appearance that adds sermons on f. 165rv.

Decoration

Plain red and green initials.

History

Origin: s. xiii in. ; main script of English appearance

Merton College MS. 180 - Part V (fols. 166-168v)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 166-8v)
‘De Consecratione Ecclesiae’
Incipit: Quanto studio et amore Christi sponsam sibi ornare ^et preparare^ intendat ad celestem dedicationem
Explicit: circumdedisti me leticia
Ps.-Hugh of St Victor, Speculum Ecclesiae (c. 2)

PL 177. 338-40.

Incipit: Siue ad aquilonem siue ad austrum ...; Austri calor et lenitas in sacra scriptura
Explicit: iusticie in sanctificationem
Bernard of Clairvaux, Sermon

Schneyer 215.

Incipit: Mel inuenisti ...; Potest non incongrue haberi loco mellis nomine favor humane laudis intelligi
Bernard of Clairvaux, Sermon

Schneyer 213

Incipit: Eodem ordine quo processit culpa subsecutus est et culpe medicina
Explicit: est regnum celorum
Bernard of Clairvaux, Sermon

Schneyer 197.

Incipit: Prima gratia est timor Dei
Incipit: Secundum carisma est spiritus pietatis
Incipit: Tercium donum est Spiritus Sancti de quo Salomon
Incipit: Quarta gratia fortitudinis spiritus
Incipit: Quintum donum est spiritus consilii. Sexta gratia est spem intelligencie
Incipit: Septimum donum est spiritus sapiencie
Incipit: Sapiencia edificauit sibi domum &c. Cum multis modis sapientia intelligatur

Bernard of Clairvaux, Schneyer 183, or Hugh of St Victor, Schneyer 325.

Incipit: Populus quem non cognoui seruiuit mihi. Non esset magne admiracionis si populus a Deo cognitus seruiret illi
Explicit: et in auditu auris obediat
Bernard of Clairvaux

Schneyer 207

The remainder of f. 168v is filled with text in a small note-hand, beg.

Incipit: Deo duo debentur timor et amor

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (written): 180 × 130 mm.

Layout

Ruled with pencil in 2 cols of 48 lines

Hand(s)

Written in an English early gothic bookhand.

Decoration

Red or green initials.

History

Origin: s. xiii ; script of English appearance.

Merton College MS. 180 - Part VI (fols. 169-179v)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 169-79v)
IACOBUS DE VORAGINE, Legenda Aurea (excerpts)

The Lives of Alexius, Margaret, Mary Magdalen, S. Peter ad Vincula, Exultation of the Cross, Matthew, Michael, Simon, Luke, Martin, Leonard.

Each Life begins on a new recto. On f. 171v:

Incipit: Intrauit Iesus in quoddam castellum ...; Hic instruit Dominus discipulos de perfectione

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (written): 200 × 140 mm.

Collation

Layout

Frame-ruled with pencil in 2 cols (long lines fols. 176v, 179); written in c. 56-67 lines

Hand(s)

Written in a small anglicana hand.

Decoration

Red initials, paraphs and highlighting.

History

Origin: s. xiii ; script of English appearance.

Merton College MS. 180 - Part VII (fols. 180-182v)

Contents

Language(s): French

(fols. 180-2v)
La Terre des Sarazins
Incipit: Ly apostaille de Rome maunda au patriark de Jerusalem qil enqeist la verite et les custumes et les nouns des hautz Sarazins
Explicit: la quele piere ungore ceo est seor.

Apparently an abbreviated version of Dean & Boulton 332, where three English copies are recorded, not this one.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (written): 155 × 110 mm.

Layout

Ruled with crayon in 30 long lines

Hand(s)

Written in an anglicana hand of the sort usual for vernacular texts, using pale ink.

Decoration

Yellow highlighting.

History

Origin: s. xiv ; script of English appearance.

Merton College MS. 180 - Part VIII (fols. 183-190v)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 183-8v)
THOMAS BRADWARDINE, Sermo Epinicius
Rubric: Sermo ephinichius ad mandatum christianissimi et propterea uictoriosissimi principis domini E. Dei gratia regis Anglie et Francie in presencia sua et optimatum suorum in Anglico primo dictus et postea ad preceptum patris domini Anibaldi sancte romane ecclesie cardinalis episcopi Tusculani et apostolico sedis legati translatus de Anglico in Latinum. Set in Latino parumper ex causa diffusius prosecutus quam in Anglico dicebatur.
Incipit: Deo gratias qui semper triumphat ...; K. licet dominus noster rex habet multos clericos
Explicit: (ends impf.) regem inquam glorie adiunctus||

Preached before Edward III in France, after news of the battle of Neville’s Cross, 17 Oct. 1346.

The only copy; ed H. Oberman and J. Weisheipl, AHDLMA 25 (1958), 295-329 (text 307-29); Sharpe, Handlist, p. 644.

(f. 189)
Table of contents

To the whole book in the same hand (s. xiv) as in MSS 29, 85, 188, and 314, reversing arts 9 and 10.

Fols. 189v-90v blank.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (written): 200 × 140 mm.

Layout

Frame-ruled carelessly with crayon in 2 cols., written in c. 40 lines.

Hand(s)

Written in an anglicana hand using very pale ink.

Decoration

A red initial, red paraphs and highlighting.

History

Origin: s. xiv (after 1346) ; script of English appearance.

Additional Information

Record Sources

R. M. Thomson, A descriptive catalogue of the medieval manuscripts of Merton College, Oxford (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer), 2009.

Availability

For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact Merton College Library.

Bibliography