Exeter College MS. 23
Stephen Langton; Anselm; etc.; England, s. xiiiin
The date is s. xiiiin. Item 12 below is added in a hand of s. xv.
Stegmüller, Bibl., 7761; Glorieux, Théologie, 104j6; Lacombe and Smalley, 67, 178, 179. On Langton see Sharpe, Latin Writers.
Stegmüller, Bibl., 7762; Glorieux, Théologie, 104j7; Lacombe and Smalley, 67, 178.
Stegmüller, Bibl., 7763; Glorieux, Théologie, 104j8; Lacombe and Smalley, 67, 165, 178.
Stegmüller, Bibl., 7843–54. For other manuscripts see Lacombe and Smalley, 67, 145–7. Because of the excision of a leaf, our text has a gap between fols. 77v/78r in the commentary on Amos, iii. 9.
lines 12, 21–2
ed. F. G. Becker, Pamphilus: Prolegomena zum Pamphilus (de amore) und kritische Textausgabe, Beihefte zum “Mittellateinisches Jahrbuch”, 9 (Ratingen, Düsseldorf, 1972). M. Manitius, Geschichte der lateinischen Literatur des Mittelalters, iii (1931), 1032–4.
Part of the chapter ‘Qualis [Thomas Cantuariensis] fuerit in officio altaris’ from Herbert of Bosham’s Life of Becket, ed. J. C. Robinson, Materials for the History of Thomas Becket, iii (RS 67: London, 1877), 210/23–211/2; and as part of the Quadrilogus, ed. ibid., iv (1879), 286/33–287/9). In the margin, in the hand of John Grandisson, bp. of Exeter, d. 1369, is the title “Qualiter beatus Thomas martyr inter missarum solempnia se habebat’.
1–3, 5, 7–19
as ed. by F. S. Schmitt, Sancti Anselmi opera omnia, iii (Edinburgh, 1946), 5–75. On no. 7 see A. Wilmart, RTAM 2 (1930), 189–204 (this manuscript at 202). In the margin of fol. 165v, in Grandisson’s hand, is the title ‘Oraciones cum meditacionibus beati Anselmi. Prologus.’ On Anselm see Sharpe, Latin Writers.
ed. Schmitt (as above), 84–91.
ed. A. Wilmart, ‘Prières à l’ange gardien’, Auteurs spirituels et textes dévots du moyen âge (Paris, 1932, repr. 1971), 537–58, at 544–51. Our manuscript is no. 6 in his list of seven manuscripts, all now in England.
ed. J. B. Hall (Leipzig, 1985) beginning with l. 12, and followed by 52 further lines of manuscript.
without the prologue
Stegmüller, Bibl., 1114 (York Minster, MS XVI. Q. 14 item 8); Walther, Initia, 1291 (this copy and BL, MS Royal 6 B. xi item 12). Bale, Index, 22, recorded another copy ‘ex musaeo Roberti Talboti’. For others see Sharpe, Latin Writers. The titles added above are in Grandisson’s hand.
Proverbia Alexandri, 278 lines, apparently the same text as Walther, Initia, 11830, found in Cambrai, Bibl. mun., MS 977 (s. xiii), fol. 169v et seq., entitled ‘Exceptiones quedam prouerbiorum Alexandri’
Between (g) and (h) are further short excerpts from Ovid, Fasti and Metamorphoses, Virgil, Bucolics and Georgics. The heading, ‘Prouerbia poetharum’ on fol. 187v is added in Grandisson’s hand.
Unidentified. Not an excerpt from Alcherus (Ps.-Augustine) De spiritu et anima, pr. PL, 40.77–843, nor the text by Costa ben Luca ed. C. S. Bacharach, Excerptae libro Alfredi Anglici ... seu Costa-ben-Lucae De differentia animae et spiritu (Innsbruck, 1878), 120–39, nor Ps.-Hugo de S. Victore, De unione spiritus et animae, as in Oxford, Merton College, MS 49 fols. 90–92r. Chapters include ‘De anima et spiritu’, ‘De spiritu et mente’, ‘Quomodo anima dicitur fieri in spiritu’, ‘De memoria’, ‘Quomodo diliges dominum ex toto’, ‘Quomodo homo sit animalis et carnalis’. This item is in a later hand than the others although still written above the top line, and added in s. xv to the contents list on fol. iiv. At the top of fol. 198r is ‘xiijs et iiijd’. Fol. 198v is blank except for ‘reuelat brigide’ ‘d conquestie’ and ‘prec. xvi s.’, all s. xiv/xv. On the prices see below, History.
Two columns, 45 lines. Pricked in outer margins; ruled in crayon.
Protogothic bookhand barely turning into gothic, by a number of scribes. All the scribes write above top line. Punctuation by low point and punctus versus. At the foot of fol. 159v, is ‘.xx. qtas’: as that leaf is the fourth leaf of the quire 14 and writing continues in the same hand to the end of the quire, it is unlikely to be the scribe’s calculation of work done but may refer to the stage he had reached in his exemplar.
1/5-line plain red and green initials. Rubrics; red paraphs and stroking of letters; lemmata underlined red.
Sewn on five bands. Standard Exeter binding: simple and quite elegant, calf over millboards, the calf bearing blind decoration of a floral type, early 19th century. At the foot of fols. 198 back to 196 are stains which are probably from a chain clasp on an earlier binding.
Provenance and Acquisition
Of monastic, possibly Cistercian, origin.
At the top right-hand corner of fol. 1r is ‘Liber J. Exon’, in the distinctive hand of John Grandisson, bp. of Exeter 1327–69, in which there are also added titles before items 7, 8, 12, and 13. On him see BRUO.
On fol. 1r, in the hand that wrote the same inscription in MS 43, is ‘Hunc librum dedit magister Thomas Plymyswode Collegio seu Aule de Stapyldonhalle Oxon’ ad chathenandum in libraria ibidem. Oretis pro eo.’ The Rector’s Accounts for 1417/18 record two payments for the carriage of ‘libros legatos’ to the College and a third payment for binding MS 43, the other identified survivor. Plymyswode was a fellow of Exeter College in 1384, inter alia rector of Heavitree, now part of the city of Exeter, in 1396, and d. 1418 (BRUO). Judging by the date of the hand, prices on fols. 198r (xiijs. iiijd.) and 198v (xvjs.) may relate to his ownership.
Recorded at Exeter c. 1600 as Ecloga, no. 3, then in CMA, no. 38.
Exeter library identifications are: on the front pastedown, ‘Ex: Coll: Oxon:’, ‘Q, 8–3 Gall’ (deleted), ‘172.G.3.’, ‘Coxe Cat. no. xxiii’ and the book stamp.
For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact Exeter College Library.
Digital Bodleian (full digital facsimile)
Funding of Cataloguing
Conversion of the printed catalogue to TEI funded by the Rector and Fellows of Exeter College.
Last Substantive Revision
2020-04-29: First online publication