A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

St John's College MS 176

Legal miscellany

Physical Description

Comprising seven originally separate MSS
Form: codex
Support: all on vellum (all FSOS/FHHF).
Extent: Fols. iii + 215 + iii (numbered fols. iv–vi).
Dimensions (leaf): 195 × 140 mm.

Binding

Modern replacement. Sewn on four thongs. At the front, a marbled paper leaf and two modern paper flyleaves; at the rear, two modern paper flyleaves and another marbled leaf (iv–vi).

History

Origin: variously ss. xiii2/2–xiv in. ; England

Provenance and Acquisition

Ker, MLGB 181, assigns the book to Southwick (OSA, Hants.) on the basis of localizable documents in MS 4. These certainly refer constantly to ‘Suth”, but this appears usually to mean the county Southamptonshire, not the house Southwick (although a convent ‘Suik’ does appear in one item on fol. 83v). If these documents and forms clearly point to a monastic provenance, it is the frequently repeated ‘conuentus de Hida’, i.e. Hyde (‘New Minster’, Winchester) (see Ker, MLGB 103–4).

Indications of contents, in the hand which customarily inscribed John White’s donations (fol. 1 upper margin, s. xvi).

Iohannes White de Sutwyke in Comitatu Sutht Armiger dedit hunc librum Thome Whit⟨e⟩ Mil⟨torn⟩ ad vsum colegii per ipsum de nouo erecti in Oxon Anno 1555’ (fols. 2v–3, upper margin).

Manuscript 1 = Fols. 1–11

Contents

Language(s): Latin

1. Fols. 1–11:
Incipit: || -uit ei equum suum tali die ut iret ad sanctum Dionisium et cum ipse ierit
Explicit: ei haberi feci sigillo episcopi nostri roboratam Sic’ etc.
Final rubric: Explicit summa que dicitur nos Minores de facto et vsu Curie secundum processum ordinis iudiccarii

A register of writs, with model writs added at the end, fol. 11v lower margin.

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: regnare
Support: vellum (FSOS/FHHF).
Extent: Fols. 11.
Dimensions (written): 155 × 115 mm.

Collation

112 (–11, a stub). No catchword or signatures.

Layout

In long lines, 35 lines to the page. No prickings; bounded and ruled in black ink.

Hand(s)

Written in anglicana, s. xiv in. Punctuation by point and punctus elevatus.

Decoration

Headings in red, sections of the text broken with red paraphs.

History

Origin: s. xiv in. ; England

Manuscript 2 = Fols. 12–33

Contents

Language(s): Latin

2. Fols. 121ra–32ra:
Rubric: Incipit summa introductoria super officio aduocacionis in foro ecclesiastico a BONAUINCTA iudice et iuris canonici professore composita rubrica [repeated twice more]
Incipit: Cum aduocacionis officium utile uiteque hominum lex suadeat necessarium fore […] [fol. 12rb, the text] Si autem aduocatus actoris habet aliquid proponere coram iudice
Explicit: et licet necessarium non omittens utilia plurima pretermisi ipsius breuitatis auxilio fretus
Final rubric: Explicit summa BONAUINCTA
BONAGUIDA D’AREZZO, Summa super officio aduocationis,

ed. A. Wunderlich, Anecdota quae processum ciuilem spectant (Göttingen, 1841), 121–345.

Fols. 32rb–33v were originally blank, now with additions in anglicana, s. xiii ex.:

a. Fol. 32rb–va:

notes of forms for various ecclesiastical documents

b. Fol. 33v:

a distinctio ‘Est appellandum’.

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: de ref’
Support: vellum (FSOS/FHHF).
Extent: Fols. 22.

Collation

212 312 (–10, –11, both stubs). No catchwords; all leaves in the first half of each quire signed later, in brown crayon, with a roman quire number (I, II) and a letter for the leaf.

Layout

In double columns, each column 167 × 50 mm. , with 8 mm between columns, in 50 lines to the column. No prickings; bounded and ruled in lead.

Hand(s)

Written in gothic textura semiquadrata, s. xiii2/2. Punctuation by medial point.

Decoration

Headings in red.

Alternate 2-line red and green lombards at chapter heads.

History

Origin: s. xiii2/2 ; England

Manuscript 3 = Fols. 34–80

Contents

Language(s): Latin

3. Fols. 34ra–78va:
Rubric: Incipit libellus Domini REINFRIDI in iure Canonico in quo tractatur de xij. articulis subscriptis de quibus parum traditur in Iure Ciuili Rubrica
Incipit: Super accionibus omnibus compositi sunt libelli per graciam Ihesu cristi ut de iure pretorie
Explicit: nam concessa collegio omnia conceduntur que collegio competunt ut ff’ quod circumsp- ||
ROFFRED or RONFRED EPIPHANII OF BENEVENTO, Libelli de jure canonico

ed. in his Opera (Cologne, 1591), unavailable to us; another copy appears at Worcester Cathedral MS F.125. For Roffred and his book, see Johann Friedrich von Schulte, Die Geschichte der Quellen und Literatur des Canonischen Rechts, 3 vols. (Stuttgart, 1875–80), 2:76–8.

Fols. 78vb–80v were originally blank; now added:

c. Fols. 79v–80v:

form materials, in anglicana, s. xiii/xiv or xiv in.

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: sollicitus
Support: vellum (FSOS/FHHF).
Extent: Fols. 47

Collation

410 (–9, a stub) 510 612 710 86. Catchwords; all leaves in the first half of quires 6 and 7 signed with a roman quire numeral (j, ii) and a letter for the leaf.

Layout

In double columns, each column 147 × 48–52 mm. , with 7 mm between columns, in 34–45 lines (individual scribes vary) to the column. Some prickings (e.g., fols. 43–51); bounded and ruled in lead.

Hand(s)

Several scribes in anglicana, s. xiii ex. or xiii/xiv: the stints run fols. 34ra–41vb, 42rab, 42va–57rb (with some portions perhaps other hands), 57v–end (the first hand returns). Punctuation by point only (fols. 34ra–41vb, 57v–end); and by point and punctus interrogativus (fols. 42va–57rb).

Decoration

Headings in red.

Alternate 2-line red and green lombards at divisions.

Many spaces for rubrics and capitals unfilled, especially late in the text (quite notably after fol. 75).

Text divided by red paraphs.

History

Origin: s. xiii ex. or xiii/xiv ; England

Manuscript 4 = Fols. 81–84

Contents

Language(s): Latin

An informal set of various legal forms and other notes, including a variety of model epistles addressed to Henry III and Edward I (dated items cover the period 1272 x 1283).

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: SALUTEM
Support: vellum (FSOS/FHHF).
Extent: Fols. 4.

Collation

94. No catchwords or signatures.

Condition

The lower half of fol. 81 has been cut away.

Hand(s)

Written in anglicana, s. xiii/xiv.

History

Origin: s. xiii/xiv. ; England

Manuscript 5 = Fols. 85–132

Contents

Language(s): Latin

4. Fols. 85–111v:
Rubric: [rubric added s. xiv/xv] Exposiciones Prohemiorum Biblie
Incipit: Partibus expositis textus noua cura cor angit et fragiles humeros onus inportabile frangit
Explicit: vt alexander Caste gremio te redde parenti quasi diceret inceste Finitur laboris laus cristo gratia sit oris Qui sit scriptoris requies mercesque laboris amen

Apparently an excerpted version of WILLIAM BRITO, Pratellum synonymorum (Walther no. 13730; Stegmüller, RB no. 2820 [2:402–3], cf. also no. 2824), the incipit corresponding with that at Oxford, Exeter College MS 16, fol. 170 (cf. also Balliol College MS 11, fol. 4). Definitions of proper names and rhetorical terms in alphabetical order, ending with ‘Yronia’.

5. Fols. 111v–30v:
Incipit: Abigei proprie dicuntur qui pecora et arm.enta a pascuis subducunt abigendi studio
Explicit: hospicio deponenda ut quidam dicunt Ychonomus est cui res ecclesiastica gubernanda Mandatur

Another alphabetical lexicon (the space for the rubric blank); Emil Seckel, Beiträge zur Geschichte beider Rechte im Mittelalter (Tübingen, 1898), 447–8, identifies the text as an alphabetical reworking of the legal ‘Epitome Exactis regibus’. A definition of ‘Ychonomus’ has been added after the original final entry, ‘Zenodochium’.

Fols. 131–2v, originally blank but pricked, bounded, and ruled, now have added texts, anglicana, s. xiii/xiv:

d.
Incipit: Iohannes episcopus seruus seruorum dei Dilecto filio Subdecano Ecclesie Saresbir’ salutem et apostolicam benediccionem Sub religionis habitu vacantibus studio pie vite sic debemus esse […]

seven letters, probably forms, several dated 1277 x 1286 from a bishop John and from bishop Walter [Scamell, bishop of Salisbury 1284–6] to subdeans of Salisbury

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: ALLUSIO
Support: vellum (FSOS/FHHF).
Extent: Fols. 48
Dimensions (written): 155 × 108 mm.

Collation

1012 leaves (only the current 4–7, fols. 88–91, are certainly bifolia, and fols. 92–3 appear to be an inserted bifolium) 11–1312. One catchword (fol. 120v), mostly cut away. All leaves in the first quire and all leaves in the first half of the others signed with a roman quire numeral and leaf letter; in this system, quires 10–13 = j–iiii. At the foot of the opening leaf, a note in crayon ‘4or. peciebus’; a similar notation appears at the head of the next MS.

Condition

Fol. 87 mostly cut away.

Layout

In long lines, 32–5 lines to the page. Frequent prickings; bounded and ruled in brown crayon and lead.

Hand(s)

Written in gothic textura semiquadrata, s. xiii2/4 (below top line), one scribe to fol. 96v, another thereafter, with some patches (e.g. 111–15) perhaps in different hands. Punctuation by point and punctus elevatus.

Decoration

Alternate 1-line blue and red (to fol. 96v, the end of quire 10) or green and red arabesque capitals at the heads of the sections.

At the head, perhaps later supplies in blanks, 3-line blue lombards with red flourishing.

Text broken with red-slashed capitals and paraphs in text ink slashed in red or green.

History

Origin: s. xiii2/4 ; England

Manuscript 6 = Fols. 133–201

Contents

Language(s): Latin

6. Fols. 133ra–201vb:
Rubric: Incipit summa magistri GUIDONIS de modo dictaminis
Incipit: Qvasi modo geniti infantes lac concupiscentie racionabilis sine dolo cum exultacione
Explicit: uoces angelicas que nato domino pastoribus sonuerunt Gloria in excelcis deo
Final rubric: Explicit summa magistri GUIDONIS
GUIDO FABA, Summa dictaminis,

ed. Augusto Gaudenzi, Il propugnatore NS 3 (1890), i: 287–338, ii: 345–93 our copy more extensive than that printed. The remainder of the concluding verse has been added in a hand of s. xv; as has a brief letter dated 1280 at the foot of fol. 201vb, xiv in.

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: consilio
Support: vellum (FSOS/FHHF).
Extent: Fols. 69.

Collation

148 158(–8) 16–198 2010 2112+1 (–3, +12, fol. 200, its stub preceding fol. 191). Catchwords, some cut away, most later additions. With the exception of quire 15, all leaves in the first half of each quire signed with a roman quire numeral and a leaf letter; in this system, quires 14–21 = j and iij, – , iij, I–v, respectively). In crayon in the lower margin, fol. 133: ‘[7] 7 pecie 7 bone uincte ....... ’; cf. item 2 above and the first leaf of the preceding MS.

Layout

In double columns, each column 137 × 50 mm. , with 10 mm between columns, in 33 lines. No prickings; bounded and ruled in brown crayon.

Hand(s)

Written in gothic textura semiquadrata, often approaching prescissa, with numerous anglicana forms, s. xiii2 or xiii ex.; quire 15 (fols. 141–7) is a nearly contemporary (s. xiii/xiv or xiv in.) replacement in anglicana. Punctuation by occasional medial point.

Decoration

Headings in red.

Two-line alternate red and green arabesque initials at heads of sections; in later portions alternate red and green paraphs, some extended.

The supply quire has frequent red paraphs and underlining in red.

History

Origin: s. xiii2 or xiii ex. ; England

Manuscript 7 = Fols. 202–15

Contents

Language(s): Anglo-Norman and Latin

7. Fols. 202–14:
Rubric: Ces sunt les brefs e les contes en romancees solum Ia ley englesche confermees
Incipit: Henri par la grace de deu Rei de Engletere Seignur de yrlande etc a Iohan le fiz G saluz Nus vus comanduns ke adreit e sanz delay plenere
Explicit: par leal enqueste pout estre ateint et ke les acuntors facent en lor peril Explicit

Another Register of writs, this time in Anglo-Norman, ed. G. J. Turner and Theodore F T. Plucknett, Brevia Placilata, Selden Society 66 (1947), 153–82.

Followed by an added text on the originally blank foot of the leaf:

e. Fol. 214:
Incipit: Henricus dei gracia Rex Anglie […] Archiepiscopis […] et omnibus aliis de Comitatu Suthampton salutem Cum dudum ad reformacionem et melioracionem rengni nostri prouisiones et consuetudines […]

the fragmentary opening of a letter, in anglicana, s. xiii ex.. The scribe has used a bifolium from an older MS to complete his work, and fols. 214v–15v contain a further text.

8. Fol. 214v:
Incipit: Ad artificialem littere tabularis inuencionem presciantur duo littarum [sic for litterarum] tabularium abecedaria
Explicit: et quot dies sint inter natiuitatem domini et quadragesimam ||

a table for a sequence of 28-year cycles covering 1139–1643 with an explanatory text fol. 215rv.

Writing area 160 × 96 mm. . In long lines, 34 lines to the page. Written in protogothic bookhand, s. xii ex. Two-line red arabesque initials; red-slashed capitals to divide the text.

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: en oist
Support: vellum (FSOS/FHHF).
Extent: Fols. 14.
Dimensions (written): 145 × 95 mm.

Collation

2212 232, the last quire a bifolium from an earlier MS picked up to carry the end of text 7.

Layout

In long lines, 32 lines to the page. Prickings; bounded and ruled in lead.

Hand(s)

Written in anglicana, s. xiii/xiv or xiv in. Punctuation by point and punctus elevatus.

Decoration

Headings in red.

Alternate red and green arabesque capitals.

The text broken with red and green paraphs.

History

Origin: s. xiii/xiv or xiv in. ; England

Additional Information

Record Sources

Ralph Hanna, A descriptive catalogue of the western medieval manuscripts of St. John's College, Oxford (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002)

Availability

For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact St John's College Library.

Bibliography

    Gaudenzi, Augusto ‘Guidonis Fabe, Summa dictaminis’, Il Propugnatore, n.s., 3 (1890).
    Ker, N. R., Medieval Libraries of Great Britain: A List of Surviving Books. Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks. 2nd edn. (London, 1964), extended by Andrew G. Watson, MLGB: Supplement to the Second Edition. RHS Guides and Handbooks 15 (1987).
    von Schulte, Johann Friedrich, Die Geschichte der Quellen und Literatur des Canonischen Rechts, 3 vols. (Stuttgart, 1875–80).
    Seckel, Emil,Beiträge zur Geschichte beider Rechte im Mittelalter (Tübingen, 1898)
    Stegmüller, Friederich, Repertorium Biblicum Medii Aevi, 11 vols. (Madrid, 1950–80).
    Turner, G. J., and Theodore F T. Plucknett, Brevia Placilata, Selden Society 66 (1947).
    Walther, Hans, Initia carminum ac versuum Medii Aevi posterioris Latinorum, 2nd edn (Göttingen, 1969).
    Wunderlich, A. (ed.), Anecdota quae processum ciuilem spectant (Göttingen, 1841).

Funding of Cataloguing

Conversion of the printed catalogue to TEI funded by the Thompson Family Charitable Trust

Last Substantive Revision

2023-07: First online publication

See the Availability section of this record for information on viewing the item in a reading room.