A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

MS. Kennicott 16

Summary Catalogue no.: Not in SC (late accession)



Pocket bible, with ‘modern’ chapter divisions


Gen.-Deut., wants Gen.1.1–2.5 and 30.17–31.38 due to loss of leaves after fol.3v and 15v (pref. Stegmüller, Repertorium 284 and 285, ends imperf.); Iosue (pref. 311); Judic.; Ruth; I–IV Reg. (pref.323); I, II Paralip. (pref. 328), followed without division by the prayer of Manasse; Esdras; Nehemias (here entitled II Esdras); Tobias (pref. 332); Iudith (pref. 335); Hester (pref. 341). fol.218 Iob (pref.344); Psalmi; Parabolae (pref.457); Eccles. (pref.462); Cantica; Sap.; Ecclesiasticus.


Is. (pref.482); Ierem. (pref.487); Lament. (pref. beg: Et factum est postquam in captivitatem); Baruch (pref.491); Ezech. (pref.492); Dan. (pref.494); Osee (pref.500 and 507); Ioel (pref.511); Amos (pref.515 and 512); Abdias (pref.519); Ionas (pref.524); Miche (pref.526 and 525); Neum (pref.528); Habacuc (pref.531); Soph.(pref.534 and 533); Aggaeus (pref.538); Zach. (pref. 539 and 540); Malach. (pref.543).


I, II Machab. (pref.551).


Matt. (pref.590); Marcus (pref.607) ends imperf. at 24.13, due to the loss of a leaf after fol.466v; Iohannes, beg. imperf. at 1.28. fol.478v Rom. (pref.678); I, II Cor. (pref. 683 and 701); Galat. (pref. 706); Ephes. (pref. 721); Philip. (pref.730); Coloss. (pref. 736); I, II Thess. (pref.747 and 752); I, II Tim. (pref. 766 and 772); Titus (pref.780); Philemon (pref.783); Hebr. (pref. 793).

(fol. 511)

Actus (pref.637).

(fol. 526v)

Can. Epp.

(fol. 533)


(fol. 540v)

Prologus in epp. can. (pref.809).

(fol. 541v)
Lists of miracles and parables in the four gospels.
Language(s): Latin
Stephen Langton, Interpretationes nominum Hebraicorum
Incipit: Aaz apprehendens
Language(s): Latin

Notes derived from a correctorium were added in a contemporary hand on many pages. In Genesis-II Reg. a 15th cent. hand added lengthy extracts from a commentary.

Language(s): Latin

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: intelligatur
Form: codex
Support: thin parchment
Extent: iv + 572 leaves
Dimensions (leaf): 145 × 95 mm.
Dimensions (written): 100–5 × 65 mm.


1(18), 2(20)–12(20), 13(20) (19, 20 canc.), 14(20)–16(20), 17(26) (3, 5, 7, 19, 21, 23, 25 canc., and a bifolium tipped in to the stub of 25), 18(22) (7 canc.), 19(20), 20(20), 21(20) (wants 10 and 11), 22(20), 23(20), 24(20) (wants 13), 25(20)–27(20), 28(8), 29(20), 30(8)


2 cols., 44 lines


Written below top line.


Good historiated and other initials. Fols. 330–4 saec. xv, inserted. (P&A iii. 497)

Blue and pink initials on gold background, decorated with floral designs and gold disks.

Historiated initials:

fol. 1r

  • initial F
  • St Jerome with pen and knife, writing, seated before a lectern (St Jerome's Prefaces).

fol. 25r

  • initial H
  • Standing figure with raised hands (Exodus).

fol. 43r

  • initial U
  • Moses, holding a book and looking at the golden calf. (Leviticus).

fol. 53av

  • initial L
  • Nimbed figure, holding a scroll. (Numbers).

fol. 71r

  • initial H
  • Tonsured figure, holding a scroll, standing on the terminal of the initial. (Deuteronomy).

fol. 86v

  • initial E
  • Joshua and his army looking at the walls of Jericho. (Joshua).

fol. 79r

  • initial P
  • Geometric and floral designs, animal head. (Judges).

fol. 107av

  • initial I
  • Floral designs, human head. (Ruth).

fol. 110r

  • initial F
  • Young man, holding out hands to two women. (I Samuel = I Kings).

fol. 125v

  • initial F
  • David lamenting the deaths of Saul and Jonathan. (II Samuel = II Kings).

fol. 138r

  • initial E
  • David, crowned, in bed, with Abishag standing by his side. (II Kings = III Kings).

fol. 152r

  • initial P
  • Grotesque with human head; animal head. (II Kings = IV Kings).

fol. 192v

  • initial I
  • Floral designs, human head. (I Esdras).

fol. 196v

  • initial E
  • Esdras, seated, holding an open book. (II Esdras).

fol. 203r

  • initial T
  • Tobias speaking to an angel. (Tobias).

fol. 207r

  • initial A
  • Judith slaying Holofernes. (Judith).

fol. 212v

  • initial I
  • King Ahasverus. (Esther).

fol. 218v

  • initial U
  • Job in bed; his wife standing by his side. (Job).

fol. 229r

  • initial B
  • David seated, playing psaltery. (Psalm 1).

fol. 235r

  • initial D
  • Tonsured figure, holding an open book. (Psalm 38).

fol. 245v

  • initial C
  • Two tonsured clerics, singing from an open book. (Psalm 97).

fol. 248r

  • initial D
  • Grotesque. (Psalm 109).

fol. 264r

  • initial U
  • Preacher, holding a book, both hands outstretched. (Ecclesiastes).

fol. 268v

  • initial O
  • Grotesque. (The Song of Songs).

fol. 270r

  • initial D
  • Young man, holding a scroll. Fish. (Wisdom).

fol. 277r

  • initial D
  • Young man, seated, holding a book. (Ecclesiasticus).

fol. 295v

  • initial U
  • Isaiah with hands raised in admonition. (Isaiah).

fol. 318r

  • initial U
  • Jeremiah, finger raised in admonition. (Jeremiah).

fol. 351r

  • initial E
  • Ezekiel with a scroll. (Ezekiel).

fol. 384r

  • initial U
  • Hosea speaking to God, kneeling before a lectern with an open book. (Hosea).

fol. 389v

  • initial U
  • Amos with finger raised in admonition. (Amos).

fol. 395v

  • initial O
  • Young man in short tunic. (Nahum).

fol. 397r

  • initial O
  • Habakkuk holding a book. (Habakkuk).

fol. 398v

  • initial U
  • Zephaniah holding an open book. (Zephaniah).

fol. 399v

  • initial I
  • Aggeus holding a scroll. (Aggeus).

fol. 404v

  • initial O
  • Tonsured Malachias with raised finger. (Malachias).

fol. 418r

  • initial F
  • Tonsured figure holding a scroll. (Machabees II).

fol. 428v

  • initial L
  • St. Matthew, seated at desk, writing. (St. Matthew's Gospel).

fol. 442v

  • initial I
  • Young man with raised hands, standing on the back of a bird. (St. Mark's Gospel).

fol. 452r

  • initial F
  • St. Luke, seated at desk, writing. (St. Luke's Gospel).

fol. 478v

  • initial P
  • St. Paul holding a sword. (Romans).

fol. 490r

  • initial P
  • Figure in long cloak beating a half-naked kneeling figure with a rod. (Corinthians II).

fol. 494r

  • initial P
  • St. Paul holding a sword and a book. (Galatians).

fol. 496r

  • initial P
  • Kneeling figure, holding a book. (Ephesians).

fol. 498r

  • initial P
  • Two figures holding a book. (Philippians).

fol. 499v

  • initial P
  • Half-figure with raised hands. (Colossians).

fol. 502r

  • initial P
  • Two figures converse; buildings in the background. (Thessalonians II).

fol. 504v

  • initial P
  • Seated figure, holding a scroll. (Timothy II).

fol. 506r

  • initial P
  • Figure in hat and cloak, leaning on a staff. (Philemon).

fol. 506v

  • initial M
  • Two figures converse. (Hebrews).

fol. 511r

  • initial P
  • Grotesque with rabbit's head, playing pipe. (Acts).

fol. 528r

  • initial P
  • St Peter, holding keys. (I Epistle of St Peter).

fol. 530v

  • initial Q
  • St John, holding a book. (I Epistle of St John).

fol. 532r

  • initial S
  • Tonsured figure in short tunic. (III Epistle of St John).

fol. 532v

  • initial I
  • St Jude, seated, reading a book. (Epistle of St Jude).

fol. 533r

  • initial A
  • Figure with raised hand. (Apocalypse).


mid 17th cent. calf binding with gold tooling.


Origin: 13th century, end ; English

Provenance and Acquisition

Signature of ‘ C[arolus] Fairfax

Hen. Fairfax . Ex dono perclarissimi fratris sui Caroli Fairfax’ (fol. i). On fol. iv and 569v–570v, in the hand of Henry Fairfax, are notices of his own birth and those of his children. On fols. ii–iii in another hand are similar notices of the births and deaths of the family of his father, Thomas, first Lord Fairfax of Cameron ‘Ex antiqua Hieronomi Biblia T.F. apud Ebor. transcript.’’ The transcript’s source might have been the ‘Fairfax Bible’ formerly in the library of Holy Trinity church, Hull, missing since 1899: see N. R. Ker, Parochial Libraries of the Church of England (London, 1959), p. 82.

Rad. Thoresby, 1710. Ex dono Dominae Rach. Dixon viduae Rev. Bright Dixon M.A.’ (fol.i). It is in the list of Thoresby's MSS. in his 1715 Ducatus Leodiensis, p. 502.

Benjamin Kennicott (1718–1783), Radcliffe librarian.

Transferred to the Bodleian from the Radcliffe Trust, 1872 (formerly MS. Radcliffe 4).

Record Sources

Typescript description by Bodleian Library staff, revised by Peter Kidd and Elizabeth Solopova, c. 2000

Digital Images

Digital Bodleian (2 images from 35mm slides)

Last Substantive Revision

2021-02-15: Andrew Dunning Added note on provenance.