MS. Laud Misc. 676
Summary Catalogue no.: 1043
Petrus Hispanus, Giles of Corbeil, et al., Medical works. France, late 13th century, with additions, Germany, 15th century
Table of contents
A late 13th-century hand lists the first three items. A 15th-century hand, probably also responsible for the ink foliation, noted how many leaves they each occupy (24, 28, and 2 leaves respectively) and lists three added texts: the two by Gilles (3 folios and 5 1/4 folios) and (now missing) ‘Item species dirigentes medicamenta(?) membris’ (1 folio)
Table of contents
By a 17th-century (Laudian?) hand, listing the five main texts, noting that the second lacks its first 9 leaves.
The last several words in paler ink running below the lowest ruled line of the page; the verso ruled, otherwise blank; this text occupies quires 1–3.Obras médicas de Pedro Hispano, ed. Maria Helena da Rocha Pereira (Coimbra, 1973), 79–323, using the present MS (apparently the earliest surviving copy), with the siglum ‘B’; the Latin text is on odd-numbered pages, facing a Portuguese translation.
Authorities cited include ‘A’(vicenna), ‘G’(alen), ‘Geraldus Bituricensis’ (i.e. Gerard de Berry, fol. 34r, cf. fol. 31r), ‘H’(ippocrates), ‘Iohannes Damasc.’ ‘Rasis’, and ‘Serapion’.
The text occurs in two other medical compilations: Paris, BnF, ms. lat. 6891, fols. 92r–113r, and Vatican, BAV, Pal. lat. 1253, fols. 97r–122r, with the incipit ‘In dolore capitis de [/ ex] causa calida cum materia …’; eTK 0671K
Narrow stubs of 9 excised leaves precede the first surviving leaf, which has medieval foliation ‘10’.
Attributed in other manuscripts to an otherwise unknown 'Flaccus Africanus' or 'Alexius Africus'. Singer, Catalogue of Latin and vernacular alchemical manuscripts, III (1931), p. 766 K3, citing four MSS. of this anonymous version including Bodleian MS. Digby 147, fols. 106r–v, and MS. Ashmole 1448, pp. 44–45; Thorndike-Kibre col. 1088 (eTK 1088K) citing the present MS.
Two short cures, Contra sciaticam, and Contra maculam novellam
The verso is unruled and blank except for an added inscription (see below, Provenance).
Aegidii Corboliensis carmina medica ad fidem manu scriptorum codicum et veterum editionum recensuit, ed. Ludwig Choulant (Leipzig, 1826), 21–43; the MS. omitting the preface, and thus beginning with the Pars prima at p. 28 of the edition; and ending a few lines before the Epilogue of the edition, at p. 43 line 370.
Pen-trial in German, see Provenance.
Fols. 1r-43r: ruled in plummet for 2 columns of 40 lines. Ruled space 135-40 × 105 mm.
Fols. 44r-46v: ruled in plummet for 2 columns of 38 lines (earlier pricking for 40 lines, as fols. 1-43); ruled space c. 150 × 120 mm.
Fols. 47r-52r: ruled in plummet, the first page in 2 columns of 24 and 30 lines, the remainder in a single column of 28–32 lines; ruled space c. 145 × 105 mm.
Fols. 1r-43r: Gothic bookhand
Fols. 44r-46v: cursive bookhand
Fols. 47r-52r: cursive bookhand
Fols. 1r-43r: puzzle initial 'I' at the beginning of the first texts, in red and blue with penwork in both colours extending most of the height of the text; similar initial at the beginning of the second text, now mostly excised; spaces for 2-line initials usually blank (one in plain red)
Fols. 44r-46v: 2-line initials in plain red.
Fols. 47r-52r: none; capitals stroked in red
Medieval binding. Original(?) sewing on five bands laced into wood (beech?) boards with cushioned edges covered with plain undecorated (alum-tawed?) leather; with vestiges of a strap and pin fastening, with the pin extant near the centre of the back board. The spine with three (damaged) paper labels printed ‘[Lau]d’, ‘676’ (upside-down), and ‘Lau[d] | F | 6.’
The volume does not appear to have been re-sewn, yet the spine, back pastedown, and back flyleaf all have the old Laud shelfmark and a paper label printed with the SC number, upside-down, for no apparent reason, suggesting that the boards and endleaves may have been removed and reversed at some stage.
Provenance and Acquisition
With a 14th(?)-century price ‘xij s[olidi?] par[isiensis?]’ (fol. 54r, upper right corner).
Presumably in Germany when the Giles de Corbeil texts were added.
Inscribed in German ‘Meyn freuntlichen gruß zu vor’ (fol. 53v).
‘Maria Greffin’, 16th-century (back pastedown, cf. fol. 54v).
Erased inscriptions on the back pastedown; pen-trial alphabet, fol. 52v.
A 16th-century name (?) on fols. 1r, 43r is difficult to read: possibly 'Ad. Hall' or 'Hale'.
William Laud, 1573-1645, with the usual inscription, dated 1633 (fol. 1r).
Part of his first donation to the Bodleian, 1635; former Bodleian shelfmarks: ‘F.6’ (fol. i verso; cf. spine), ‘Laud 676’ (fol. 54v, upside-down).
Digital Bodleian (full digital facsimile)
Last Substantive Revision
2021-04-27: Add dimensions.