A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

MS. Rawl. Q. a. 1

Summary Catalogue no.: Not in Summary Catalogue (late accession)

Contents

(fols. 1-4, 73-76)

Blank except for Hearne's notes and pressmarks. Fol. 1r: ‘Suum cuique Tho: Hearne’, ‘E. Pr. 184’, ‘MS. 93’. Fol. 76v: ‘Things relating to Hereford’.

Physical Description

Guardbook; 76 folios.

History

Origin: England

Provenance and Acquisition

Hereford Cathedral. Many items are clearly strays from series now in Hereford Cathedral Library and Archives, formerly in the National Library of Wales, and calendared in National Register of Archives NRA 6186; most items relate to the Dean and Chapter estates, although part 29 concerns the bishop's estates. The separation may have occurred while the dean and chapter archives were in London between 1649 and 1661 (B. Smith in Hereford Cathedral: A History, ed. Gerald Aylmer and John Tiller (2000), p. 548).]

Thomas Hearne, presumably acquired between 1677 (date of part 27) and 1709. Parts 1-29 are catalogued as such under MS. 93 in Hearne's catalogue of 1709 (MS. Rawl. D. 1168, pp. 143-146). The contents of a companion volume of Hereford documents, Hearne's MS. 92, cannot all be traced, but most items are identifiable in Bodleian Library, MSS. Ch. Heref. and MSS. Rolls Heref. Part 30 perhaps acquired by Hearne after 1709, if it is part of his collection and not a later addition.

James Bellamy (1819-1909), President of St John's College, Oxford; found among his books after his death (R. L. Poole in English Historical Review 28/111 (1913) p. 446)

Donated in November 1916 by the President and Fellows of St. John's College (note in the Bodleian library handlist, p. 214). Given the Summary Catalogue number 37443, now superseded (note by Richard Hunt in his copy of S.C. III.423). Formerly MS. Rawl. Q. b. 8.

MS. Rawl. Q. a. 1 - Part 1 (fols. 5-7)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 5r-7v)
Manorial court rolls for Marden, Clehonger and Eggleton, 1325-6 (fols. 5r, 6r, 7r) and 1347-8 (fols. 7r-v).
(fol. 7r, attached schedule, recto)

Bailiff's petition for allowances to the dean and chapter, 1351-2 ('anno 25')

(fol. 7r, attached schedule, dorse)

Notes of arrears, A.D. 1349-51

Physical Description

Form: roll
Support: parchment
Extent: 3 membranes and attached schedule; formerly a roll
Dimensions (membrane): 260-645 × 210-215 mm.
(roll)
Dimensions (leaf): 185 × 80 mm.
(schedule)

History

Origin: 1325-6, 1347-8, 1349-51, 1351-2

MS. Rawl. Q. a. 1 - Part 2 (fol. 8)

Contents

(fol. 8)
Obligation, 1536

Obligation by James Hyett to the Dean and Chapter of Hereford in 40 marks.

Language(s): Latin and English

Physical Description

Form: sheet
Support: parchment
Dimensions (leaf): 290 × 285 mm.

History

Origin: 1536

MS. Rawl. Q. a. 1 - Part 3 (fol. 9)

Contents

(fol. 9)
Indentured lease, 1536

Lease by the Dean and Chapter of Hereford, to James Hyett of Lydney, gentleman, of the parsonage of Lydney and the chapel of St Briavels, as lately held by Richard a Courte.

Dorse blank except for endorsements.

Language(s): English

Physical Description

Form: sheet
Support: Paper
Dimensions (leaf): 290 × 285 mm.

History

Origin: 1536

MS. Rawl. Q. a. 1 - Part 4 (fol. 10)

Contents

(fol. 10)
Bailiff's account for the manor of Eggleton, Michaelmas 1416 - Michaelmas 1417

Dorse blank except for rubric.

Language(s): Latin

Physical Description

Form: roll
Support: Parchment
Extent: Presumably originally a roll.
Dimensions (membrane): 445 × 230 mm.

History

Origin: 1416-1417

MS. Rawl. Q. a. 1 - Part 5 (fols. 11-12)

Contents

(fols. 11-12)
Court roll of the manor of Eggleton, 23 May 1543

Dorse (fols. 11v, 12v) blank, except for contemporary notes on fol. 12v.

Language(s): Latin

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Paper
Extent: 2 folios, probably from a codex rather than a roll
Dimensions (membrane): 430 × 150 mm.

History

Origin: 1543

MS. Rawl. Q. a. 1 - Part 6 (fols. 13-14)

Contents

(fol. 13r-v)
Proceedings relating to an accusation against the residentiary canons of Hereford, for detaining 'nocturnam distributionem' from mr. Richard Vaughan, 23 March 1608/9

Fol. 14r-v blank.

Language(s): Latin

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: paper
Dimensions (leaf): 305 × 200 mm.

History

Origin: 1609

MS. Rawl. Q. a. 1 - Part 7 (fol. 15)

Contents

(fol. 15)
Letters patent of Elizabeth I to the Dean and Chapter of Hereford, 12 Nov. 1571

Inspeximus of a judgement in the Exchequer (Memoranda Roll, 12 Eliz. I, Hilary, Recorda) regarding the Dean and Chapter's rights to the goods of William Mason of Canon Pyon, felon.

(No enrollment found.)

Seal formerly attached with black and white cords; now removed and kept as MS. Ch. London 362*.

Language(s): Latin and English

Physical Description

Form: sheet
Support: parchment
Dimensions (leaf): 550 × 710 mm.
Dimensions (written): 415 × 625 mm.

Decoration

Initial E: penwork drawing of Elizabeth, enthroned, with orb and sceptre. (No close resemblance to any of the images reproduced in E. Auerback, Tudor Artists (1954), pp. 34-46; cf. the image on the 1561 charter to Kingston upon Thames Grammar School.)

Penwork border at top with floral motifs, lion, rose, dragon, fleur-de-lis, and harp.

Decorative strapwork initials on the top line.

History

Origin: 1571

Provenance

Dorse: ‘old writings of Hereford 3d bundle’; one other illegible endorsement.

MS. Rawl. Q. a. 1 - Part 8 (fol. 16)

Contents

(fol. 16)
Rubric: 28 Sept. 1633. At ye Election of William Juxon Bishopp of London

A list of prebendaries and officers of St Paul's Cathedral, London

Included are the prebendaries and the archdeacons of London, Middlesex, Essex, Colchester and (apparently added later) St Albans.

Marginal annotations relating to payment of a subsidy and dates from Maundy Thursday to Simon and Jude's day.

Dorse, blank except for endorsements including: ‘paules deanery and theyr prebendaryes and theyr times to preach’.

Language(s): English

Physical Description

Form: sheet
Support: paper
Dimensions (leaf): 295 × 195 mm.

History

Origin: 1633

MS. Rawl. Q. a. 1 - Part 9 (fol. 17)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fol. 17)
Manorial court rolls for Marden, Clehonger and Eggleton, 1280-1

Physical Description

Form: roll
Support: parchment
Extent: One membrane, presumably formerly a roll.
Dimensions (leaf): 375 × 230 mm.

History

Origin: 1280-1

MS. Rawl. Q. a. 1 - Part 10 (fol. 18)

Contents

(fol. 17, attached schedule)
Letter of inhibition to R⟨ichard Swinfield⟩, bishop of Hereford, from the official of the court of Canterbury, 27 April 1293

Fragment of seal on tag in green wax. Probably relates to the dispute regarding the division of the offerings of wax at the tomb of St Thomas Cantilupe, which bishop Swinfield adjudicated on 29 April 1293; cf. Registrum Ricardi de Swinfeld, ed. W. W. Capes, Canterbury & York Society 6 (1909), pp. 297-9.

Dorse blank except for endorsements.

Language(s): Latin

Physical Description

Form: sheet
Support: parchment
Dimensions (leaf): 50 × 210 mm.

History

Origin: 1293

MS. Rawl. Q. a. 1 - Part 11

Contents

(fol. 19)

Document apparently relating to the reform of the statutes of Hereford Cathedral by Matthew ⟨Wren⟩, bishop of Hereford, and William ⟨Laud⟩, archbishop of Canterbury.

Language(s): Latin

Physical Description

Form: sheet
Support: parchment
Dimensions (leaf): 230 × 255 mm.
Dimensions (written): 125 × 245 mm.

History

Origin: 1635

MS. Rawl. Q. a. 1 - Part 12

Missing. Described in Hearne's catalogue as court rolls for Hereford, 3, 5, 6, 7, and 12 James I, with material relating to the family of Brome.

MS. Rawl. Q. a. 1 - Part 13 (fols. 20-21)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

1. (fol. 20r-v)
Manorial court roll for Marden, Clehonger, Holme Lacy and Eggleton, 1306-7
2. (fol. 21)
Manorial court roll for Eggleton, 1324

Dorse blank.

Physical Description

Form: roll
Support: parchment
Dimensions (leaf): 580 × 210 mm.
(fol. 20)
Dimensions (leaf): 170 × 220 mm.
(fol. 21)

History

Origin: 1306-7 and 1324

MS. Rawl. Q. a. 1 - Part 14

Contents

(fol. 22)
Ordinances for the hospital of St Katherine, Ledbury, 1398

Cf. J. Hillaby, St Katherine's Hospital, Ledbury, c. 1230-1547 (Logaston, 2003), pp. 107-8, drawing on Hereford Dean and Chapter Archives 3333. The present MS. seems to be a corrected draft.

Dorse blank.

Language(s): Latin

Physical Description

Form: sheet
Support: parchment
Dimensions (leaf): 270 × 290 mm.
Dimensions (written): 175 × 225 mm.

History

Origin: 1398

MS. Rawl. Q. a. 1 - Part 15 (fol. 23)

Contents

Lease, 1622

Lease by Edmund Wrenford, to Frances Pryor, widow, of Woolhope, of the site of the manor of Woolhope, previously leased by the dean and chapter of Hereford to William Pryor of Woolhope.

Fragments of seal in red wax.

Language(s): English

Physical Description

Form: sheet
Support: parchment
Dimensions (leaf): 165 × 380 mm.

History

Origin: 1622

MS. Rawl. Q. a. 1 - Part 16 (fols. 24-25)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

1. (fol. 24r-v)
Manorial court roll for Eggleton, Clehonger, Holme Lacy ('Hamme'), and Marden, 1308-9
2. (fol. 25r-v)
Court roll for Marden, Clehonger, and Eggleton, 1310-11 (?)

Physical Description

Form: roll
Support: parchment
Dimensions (leaf): 560-670 × 220-235 mm.

History

Origin: 1308-9 and 1310-11

MS. Rawl. Q. a. 1 - Part 17 (fol. 26)

Contents

‘Great’ charter of King Stephen, 1136

Seal removed c. 1913 and kept as MS. Ch. London 363*.

T. Bishop, Scriptores Regis, no. 595 and pl. 5(d). Text printed by Hearne in the appendix to his edition of William of Newburgh, p. 711, ‘charta...penes me’.
Language(s): Latin

Physical Description

Form: sheet
Support: parchment
Dimensions (leaf): 305 × 215 mm.

History

Origin: 1136

MS. Rawl. Q. a. 1 - Part 18 (fols. 27-35)

Contents

Rental of the canons of Hereford, for parishes in Hereford, Michaelmas 1545
Language(s): Latin

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: paper
Dimensions (leaf): 305 × 210 mm.

History

Origin: 1545

MS. Rawl. Q. a. 1 - Part 19 (fols. 36-48)

Contents

Detecta in a visitation of Hereford Cathedral, 1582

Fol. 36r-v blank.

Language(s): Latin

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: paper
Dimensions (leaf): 305 × 200 mm.

History

Origin: 1582

MS. Rawl. Q. a. 1 - Part 20 (fols. 49-53)

Contents

Bill, depositions and notes relating to dean and chapter of Hereford vs. Sir Edward Fox, knight, concerning lands in the manor of Eggleton.
Language(s): English

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: paper
Dimensions (leaf): 310 × 195-200 mm.

History

Origin: 1620

MS. Rawl. Q. a. 1 - Part 21 (fol. 54)

Contents

Obligation, 1629

Eleanor James of Ledbury, widow, and Robert Timms (?) of the same, yeoman, to the dean and chapter of Hereford, for £200.

Fragments of two seals.

Language(s): Latin and English

Physical Description

Form: sheet
Support: parchment
Dimensions (leaf): 230 × 290 mm.

History

Origin: 1629

MS. Rawl. Q. a. 1 - Part 22 (fol. 55)

Contents

Indentured lease, 1629

Lease of the rectory of Ledbury by the dean and chapter of Hereford to Eleanor James of Ledbury, widow.

Language(s): Latin

Physical Description

Form: sheet
Support: parchment
Dimensions (leaf): 425 × 575 mm.

History

Origin: 1629

MS. Rawl. Q. a. 1 - Part 23 (fol. 56)

Contents

Rubric: The names of those Tenauntes Copiholders of the manour of Canon Pyon which pay rent Custome rent or worksilver & doe noe servise. Also of those which doe servise and pay noe rent. Also of those which deteyne both rent and servise.
Language(s): English

Physical Description

Form: sheet
Support: paper
Dimensions (leaf): 305 × 210 mm.

History

Origin: 16th century

MS. Rawl. Q. a. 1 - Part 24 (fol. 57)

Contents

Indentured lease, 1571

Lease by the dean and chapter of Hereford, to Richard Bourchier of Hereford, of the tithes of corn and hay in Tibberton (Worcs.) and 'Moreton'.

Fragment of seal.

Language(s): Latin

Physical Description

Form: sheet
Support: parchment
Dimensions (leaf): 255 × 400 mm.

History

Origin: 1571

MS. Rawl. Q. a. 1 - Part 25 (fols. 58-61)

Contents

Rubric: An aunswer to 4 reasons vsed against D. S⟨hingleton⟩ with a replye to certayn aunswers made to his respons(?)

Probably relates to uncertainty about the admission of Thomas Singleton D.D. as residentiary canon in 1604; see Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae: Hereford, 1541-1857, pp. 128-9.

Fols. 60r-61v blank.

Language(s): English

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: paper
Dimensions (leaf): 305 × 190 mm.

History

Origin: c. 1604

MS. Rawl. Q. a. 1 - Part 26 (fol. 62)

Contents

Manorial court roll for Eggleton, Holme Lacy, and Marden, 1286-7

Dorse blank except for endorsements.

Language(s): Latin

Physical Description

Form: roll
Support: parchment
Dimensions (leaf): 250 × 235-50 mm.

History

Origin: 1286-7

MS. Rawl. Q. a. 1 - Part 27 (fols. 63-65)

Contents

Account for proof corrections, 1676-7

Mentioning 'Rev. Dr. Yates' and 'William Foster'; fol. 63r relates to a Greek Homer and fol. 64r to an English Bible. Fols. 63v, 64v blank, fol. 65v blank except for endorsement.

Language(s): English

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: paper

History

Origin: 1676-7

MS. Rawl. Q. a. 1 - Part 28 (fol. 66)

Contents

Manorial court roll for Marden, Eggleton, and Clehonger, 1311-12
Language(s): Latin

Physical Description

Form: roll
Support: parchment
Dimensions (leaf): 460 × 245 mm.

History

Origin: 1311-12

MS. Rawl. Q. a. 1 - Part 29 (fols. 67-71)

Contents

Court roll for ‘pallacium Heref.’ (fol. 67r), Bromyard ‘fforren’ (fol. 68r), Whitbourne (fol. 69r), ⟨Bishop's⟩ Frome (fol. 70r), and Bosbury (fol. 71r), 1644-5

Dorses blank.

Language(s): Latin

Physical Description

Form: roll
Support: parchment
Dimensions (leaf): 260-530 × 300-365 mm.

History

Origin: 1644-5

MS. Rawl. Q. a. 1 - Part 32 (fol. 72)

Contents

(fol. 72r-v)
Parts of an office for the translation of St Thomas of Canterbury (7 July)

Formerly a pastedown in a binding.

Apparently secular use, but not identical to any of the versions discussed in K. B. Slocum, Liturgies in Honour of Thomas Becket (2004).

Explicit: ⟨la⟩pidem unum septem oculi sunt

Corresponds with the end of lectio 5 in the Sarum breviary.

Rubric: R.
Incipit: Christe ihesu per thome vulnera que nost ligauit relaxa scelera
Rubric: V.
Incipit: Per te thomas post leue munera amplexetur nos dei dextera
Rubric: In .3o. nocturno A.
Incipit: Sathane satellites irrumpentes templum in auditum perpetrant
Rubric: Ps.
Incipit: Domine quis habitabit
Rubric: A.
Incipit: ⟨Hosti pandit ostium hostia futurus et pro domo domini⟩ stat in hostes murus

Written at the top of the page, mostly lost by cropping; replacing an earlier antiphon ‘Felix locus felix ecclesia in qua viget memoria . felix terra que dedit presulem’ (deleted, with signe de renvoie).

Rubric: Ps.
Incipit: Domine in virtute
Rubric: V.
Incipit: Elegit eum dominus sacer &c.
Rubric: R.
Incipit: Ad sacrificam &c.
Rubric: Leccio .viia.
Incipit: Beatus matir est lapis ille quem reprobauerunt
Explicit: cornua septem & oculos septem

As lectio 6 in the Sarum breviary, lacking the final sentence.

Rubric: R.
Incipit: Thome cedunt et pareant ⟨omnia⟩ pestes morbi mors
Rubric: V.
Incipit: Thomas (fol. 72v) ⟨mundum⟩ repleuit gloria thome mundus prestat
Rubric: Leccio .viiia.
Incipit: Attendamus eciam quod gloriosus martir a sepultura sua cum gaudio suorum omnium exultacione translatus
Explicit: vnus vinceret & alius vinceretur
Rubric: R.
Incipit: Nouis fulget thomas miraculis menbris donat castratos masculis
Rubric: V.
Incipit: Mundat lepre conspersos maculis soluit mortis ligatos vinculis
Rubric: Leccio .ixa.
Incipit: Anno quarto pontificatus piissimi patris honorij papae tercij
Explicit: debite possent honorare
Rubric: R.
Incipit: Ihesu ⟨bone⟩
Language(s): Latin

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: paper, folded in quarto; watermark indistinct
Dimensions (leaf): 195 × 138 mm.
Dimensions (written): 183 × 123 mm.

History

Origin: 15th century, middle

Additional Information

Record Sources

Summary description by Matthew Holford, December 2018.